2016 Posters

The following posters will be presented in the Exhibit Hall at the 2016 Gulf Coast Conference.

Abstract # 158 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

A New PEG GC Column With Improved Inertness Reliability And Column Lifetime

Allen K. Vickers, Ngoc-A T. Dang, Roy Lensen, Frans Biermans and Liying Yu
Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Today's demanding GC and GC/MS applications has become more focus on sensitive and reproducible qualitative and quantitative analysis of more challenging active analytes. An inert GC flow path is therefore required to eliminate the adsorption of active compounds of interest onto active sites anywhere from injection to detection. Building on experience in developing enhanced surface deactivation chemistries, Agilent Technologies has been successful in improving the inertness of the entire GC flow path that is directly in contact with critical, active analytes that are susceptible to breakdown or otherwise inferior chromatographic detectability. In this study, we present Agilent J&W DB-Wax Ultra Inert (UI) GC column, an upgrade, UI version of the Agilent DB-Wax column, where inertness performance extends to a new state of the art in capillary gas chromatography (1). DB-Wax UI was evaluated via a rigorous inertness testing procedure using some of the most active probes for today's demanding applications. Overall superior performance for inertness, thermal stability at upper temperature limits and column to column consistency on DB-Wax UI ensures the most sensitive and reproducible analytical results for active analytes. Furthermore, the same selectivity as the Agilent J&W DB-Wax which have been commonly used for over 35 years for analysis of a wide variety of compounds in numerous applications facilitates as simplified upgrade to the enhanced, UI version with minimal revalidation.
(1)Dang NA, Vickers AK. Competitive Comparison, Agilent Technologies publication number 5991-6683EN (2016)

Poster - Abstract #158 - 10/12/2016 - Exhibit Hall - 9:00 AM

Abstract # 159 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

A Solution for Determination of High-Concentration Aromatic Compounds in Finished Gasolines Satisfying ASTM D5769 using a New Benchtop GC-TOFMS

Christina Kelly, Joseph E. Binkley, Lorne M. Fell
LECO Corporation

A new benchtop time-of-flight mass spectrometer demonstrates results that exceed expectations for ASTM D5769 for determination of total aromatics in finished gasolines by GC-MS. A common difficulty encountered with this method is the concern with saturation of the ion source, which leads to nonlinearity in calibration curves, especially for the quantification of the high-concentration aromatics, such as toluene. Linear calibration curves were built for the standard method analytes and then applied to samples with the addition of semi-quantification for similar analytes on a sample of 93-octane gasoline, satisfying all method requirements.

Poster - Abstract #159 - Exhibit Hall 9:15 AM

Abstract # 160 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - Exhibit Hall

Acid Number of Crude Oils and Petroleum Products by Catalytic Thermometric Titration using ASTM D8045

Lori Carey
Metrohm USA

ASTM Standard D8045 describes the analysis of acidity in difficult crude oils and petroleum products using thermometric titration. This new technique overcomes solubility and precision challenges encountered with traditional potentiometric measurements. Thermometric titration is more precise, faster and reduces solvent requirements. Through eight years of development work in ASTM and thousands of sample measurements this new standard is shown to be rugged, robust and transportable across many labs and technicians. This poster provides a clear analysis of data acquired with this new method and details the benefits of thermometric titration for safer and more precise acidity analysis.

Poster- Abstract #160 - Exhibit Hall 9:30 AM

Abstract # 161 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 1:30 PM - Exhibit Hall

Analyses of Trace Elements in Fuels with ICP-OES

Paul Voelker, Nora Bartsch, Matthew Cassap
Thermo Fisher Scientific

The presence of trace elements in fuels like gasoline and kerosene can lead to a number of detrimental effects both on the engine using the fuel as well as the environment.
The analysis of trace elements is therefore essential to ensure that performance of the engine is not affected by the fuel and that environmental damage does not occur when trace elements are transported from the engine to the environment via emissions. Concentrations of trace elements in gasoline and kerosene are controlled by fuel specifications which vary from country to country and are influenced by desired engine performance and environmental factors. High matrix tolerance and the advanced method development software of the Thermo Scientific ICP-OES allows for simplified analysis of challenging matrices like kerosene, gasoline and other organic solvents.

Poster - Abstract #161 - Exhibit Hall 1:30 PM

Abstract # 162 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - Exhibit Hall

Analysis of Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Pulsed Flame Photometric Detection(PFPD) Using ASTM Method D5623

Cynthia Elmore , Michael Duffy
OI Analytical

ASTM D5623 is primarily for the determination of volatile sulfur-containing compounds in light petroleum liquids with a final boiling point of approximately 230*C or lower . Many sulfur compounds are harmful in the refining process and the ability to identify them is useful in controlling sulfur compounds in finished products. This is especially significant to compliance with the Tier 3 regulations to lower the sulfur content in gasoline making emission control systems more effective.

Poster - Abstract #162 - Exhibit Hall 9:30 AM

Abstract # 163 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:45 AM - Exhibit Hall

Battling Fuel-Washing: Identification of Accutrace S10 in Diesel Samples Using a New Benchtop GC-TOF MS System

Christina Kelly, Joseph E. Binkley, Lorne M. Fell
LECO Corporation

Government-subsidized farm fuels are often dyed to distinguish them from consumer diesels. "Fuel-washing," where dye is removed from fuel that is subsequently resold at higher prices, is a major concern for many tax, regulatory, and law enforcement agencies. Without the need for any additional separation methods or sample preparation, diesel samples spiked with the newly developed fuel marker Accutrace S10 were analyzed in less-than-15-minute runs by a new benchtop time-of-flight mass spectrometer that allowed for quantitation of fuel marker from 100% subsidized fuel to less than 1% subsidized fuel, exceeding the HRMC targeted quantitation range.

Poster - Abstract #163 - Exhibit Hall 9:45 AM

Abstract # 164 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:45 AM - Exhibit Hall

Characterization of Lubricants by the Thermo Scientific
FLASH 2000 Elemental Analyzer using Helium or Argon as carrier gases

Liliana Krotz, Francesco Leone, Guido Giazzi and Michael Stalker
CE Elantech, Inc.

In a typical production process of mineral oils, Nitrogen content is periodically monitored and tested for quality control. The FLASH 2000 Elemental Analyzer provides important advantages in terms of time, automation and quantitative determination of Nitrogen in a large range of concentrations.
By FLASH 2000 it is possible to use Helium or Argon as carrier gases, and fulfill the requirements of ASTM D529. Results from different lubricants demonstrate the performance of the FLASH 2000 with both gases and the repeatability of the data according to the official method.

Poster - Abstract #164 -Exhibit Hall 9:45 AM

Abstract # 165 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Comprehensive Real-time Fenceline Monitoring Using SIFT-MS

Barry J. Prince
Yan Li
Vaughan S. Langford
Daniel B. Milligan
Murray J. McEwan
Robert Wilson

Syft Technologies

Petrochemical facilities frequently emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as part of their regular operations, but occasionally the levels at the boundary exceeds regulatory levels. These emissions are transient and therefore not well characterized by traditional techniques.

Selected-ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) is an analytical technique that detects and quantifies VOCs and inorganic gases directly in air to part-per-trillion concentrations within seconds. The high-speed analysis provided by SIFT-MS allows the instrument to provide continuous fenceline monitoring.

This paper presents results of real-time fenceline monitoring undertaken at the boundaries of petrochemical and other industrial facilities in New Zealand and Taiwan.

Poster - Abstract #165 - Exhibit Hall 10:00 AM

Abstract # 166 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Demonstrating Porous Polymer Plot Column Polarity On Various Compound Species Using RI's

Katarina Oden, Barry Burger
Restek Corp

This poster will demonstrate the polarity of Restek's porous polymer plot columns using various compounds species as well as compound position values, i.e. Retention Indices relative to n alkanes eluting before and after the compound of interest. Different GC's and/or different laboratories will have a negligible effect on the RI's values, thus making compound identification and column selection faster and easier. RI's are far more accurate than attempting to identify compounds based on retention times and/or relative retention times when generated on different GC's and laboratories.

Poster - Abstract #166 - Exhibit Hall 10:00 AM

Abstract # 167 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

Determining Ultra Trace levels of Sulphur in Liquid Hydrocarbon Streams and Natural Gas - D5623 & D5504

Marijn van Harmelen; Rob de Jong; Thomas Adamski; Rik Suijker

A new detector has been developed for Gas Chromatography applications aiming to determine Sulfur species in hydrocarbon type matrices.
While still based on the Chemiluminescence principle that was employed first in the Antek 7090NS model, the detector has undergone a significant redesign to provide unsurpassed sensitivity resulting in lower detection limits, excellent equimolar response, dynamic range and selectivity. A fast cold startup, unrivaled signal stability, the sturdy but compact design, and the touchscreen interface makes it the easiest to work with. Typical data will be presented for D5623 & D5504

Poster - Abstract #167 - Exhibit Hall 10:15 AM

Abstract # 168 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 1:45 PM - Exhibit Hall

Dilute or Die - How to Handle High Matrix Samples by ICP-MS

Paul Voelker, Marcus Manecki, Daniel Kutscher, Shona McSheehy Ducos
Thermo Fisher Scientific

In this poster the fully automated, intelligent, high-throughput U.S. EPA method 200.8 analysis of drinking waters, using the Thermo Scientific™ iCAP™ RQ ICP-MS coupled with the ESI prepFAST™ autodilution system is described. This paper presents the results from the long-term analysis of drinking water samples with all necessary quality control procedures based on the requirements of U.S. EPA method 200.8, including manually spiked samples to show the different capabilities of the intelligent autodilution.

Poster - Abstract #168 - Exhibit Hall 1:45 PM

Abstract # 169 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

Effective Viscosity Management in Asphalt and Lubrication Oil Refineries

Lisa Houston, Jonathan Cole, Chetan Desai and Dan Airey

There are more than 700 refineries worldwide with a capacity for 82 million barrels of oil per day. A barrel of crude yields gasoline, fuel oil, jet fuel, diesel, asphalt, lubrication oil and other refined products, but actual output varies dramatically by refinery. Demand for energy continues to rise along with pressures on producers to streamline and speed production, increase yield and operate more efficiently. Viscosity is one on the most critical measures of product quality for virtually every refinery product. New developments in viscosity measurement are enabling refineries significant improvements in production quality, cost and output. This presentation will discuss the latest developments and the return on investment for the refinery.

Poster - Abstract #169 - Exhibit Hall 10:15 AM

Abstract # 170 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Enhanced workflows in GC×GC-TOF MS data processing

Laura McGregor, Matthew Edwards, Dave Wevill, Chris Hall and Nick Bukowski
Markes International

Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-TOF MS) forms the ideal platform for analysis of complex mixtures. However, it has a reputation as being a complex technique involving time-consuming data processing.

Here we will demonstrate simple yet effective GC×GC data processing proving that this technique can be a productive member of any high-throughput laboratory, by enabling sophisticated peak merging, flexible data navigation and streamlined workflows.

Poster - Abstract #170 - Exhibit Hall 9:00 AM

Abstract # 171 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - Exhibit Hall

Evaluation study of screening system for phthalate esters in polymer material using Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy

Riki Kitano; Nicole Lock; Yukihiko Kudo; Yuki Sakamoto; Katsuhiro Nakagawa; Haruhiko Miyagawa; Shigehiko Fujimaki; Fumitaka Maruyama; Hye Mi Moon; Jae Woo Kim
Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

Starting in 2019, four phthalate esters (DIBP, DBP, BBP, DEHP) will be added as restricted substances in the RoHS directive. Because the number of samples of RoHS testing is very large, an effective way for testing these and other phthalate esters is required. We developed a phthalate screening system using pyrolysis-GC/MS (Py-GC/MS) with easy sample preparation that does not require organic solvent.
In this study comparing with the result of a conventional method (solvent extraction-GC/MS), the quantitative accuracy of phthalate ester analysis using Py-GC/MS was evaluated to confirm the applicability of phthalate screening for RoHS testing.

Poster - Abstract #171 - Exhibit Hall 10:30 AM

Abstract # 172 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:45 AM - Exhibit Hall

Exploration of Moisture Control in Modern Purge and Trap systems

Roger Bardsley
Teledyne Tekmar

Excessive water can shorten column life and cause more down time for GC/MS instruments. This poster explores the effects of several purge and trap parameters and how they impact moisture transferred to GC-MS systems. This poster will focus primarily on moisture reduction through specific moisture management fittings, as well as method adjustments.
USEPA Method 524.3 and 524.4 allows variable purge volumes, purge flows, purge times and sample purge temperatures. These variables will be investigated to determine the best purge and trap parameters for maximum samples per hour for environmental laboratories performing USEPA purgeable drinking water testing.

Poster - Abstract #172 - Exhibit Hall 10:45 AM

Abstract # 173 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 11:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

High Performance Chromatographic Quality Diatomaceous Earth Developed By
Restek Corporation "NOW AVAILABLE"

Barry L Burger, Thomas Kane, Katarina Oden
Restek Corp.

The use of Diatomaceous Earth solid support support media for use in packed
columns was said to be obsolete back in 1980 with the introduction of glass
capillary columns and followed soon after by fused silica capillary columns.
However, the packed column is still thriving today with use in USP, petro and
process analyzer markets. Within the last decade the quality (inertness) and
available supply of chromatographic quality DE has had limited availability. Restek
has solved the quality and availability issue by developing their own line of high
performance DE called DiatoSorb W HP. Surface area, particle size distribution,
density and pore size are all tightly controlled. The poster will high lite the quality
of the product.

Poster - Abstract #173 - Exhibit Hall 11:00 AM

Abstract # 176 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

How to Comply with EPA Method 325 a/b: Fenceline Monitoring of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Lee Marotta and Leeman Bennington,

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed Method 325 a/b and refineries are scheduled to comply by the end of 2017. Although the research included approximately 26 compounds which are passively collected onto sorbent tubes for two weeks, the only compound that needs to be reported is benzene.

The EPA has looked to PerkinElmer for technical advice and instrumentation since 1992 starting with the revision of the Clean Air Act. This poster will demonstrate how to be proficient in both parts A and B of Method 325. In addition, it will provide a fast, precise and accurate method for the determination of benzene while minimizing the possibility of false positives.

Poster - Abstract #176 - Exhibit Hall 9:00 AM

Abstract # 177 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 1:30 PM - Exhibit Hall

Methanizer – A Simple Solution for CO/CO2 Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography

Katarina Oden, Barry Burger, Jerry Johnston and Mike Goss
Restek Corporation

CO, CO2 are common components in refinery feedstocks, fuel cells, greenhouse emissions, and are present in many other industrial processes. Accurate and precise determination of the final components can save industries millions of dollars per year. A modern, user friendly and accurately controlled Methanizer was developed that can be easily integrated into any existing GC/FID system. The Methanizer consists of a Ni-catalyst in a heated chamber that converts CO and/or CO2 in the presence of hydrogen, into a FID detectable gas, methane. The GC independent controller runs a PID algorithm to proportionately control the heating of the Ni-catalyst to within ±1°C, assuring controlled and reliable conversion of CO and/or CO2. CO and/or CO2 analytical solutions, robustness and system performance will be presented.

Poster - Abstract #177 - Exhibit Hall 1:30 PM

Abstract # 178 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

On-stream Raman spectroscopy in chemical processing

Tim Felder (1), Patrick Wiegand (1), Ernst Bezemer (2), David Strachan (1)
1 Kaiser Optical Systems Inc. 2 Ascend Materials

Raman spectroscopy offers a real-time non-destructive method to measure and control chemical processes. As an in-process analyzer, Raman can measure gases, liquids, turbid media or solids in ambient conditions, corrosive or reactive streams, high pressure or temperatures. New approaches to batch reactions, microreactors, flow synthesis and continuous manufacturing extend the applicability and utility of Raman spectroscopy in chemical manufacturing. Examples where the use of Raman spectroscopy has been shown to improve process efficiency, predict reaction end times, or report the presence of a polymorphic crystal form demonstrate Raman spectroscopy as a versatile technique in chemical processing from laboratory to manufacturing.

Poster - Abstract #178 - Exhibit Hall 10:00 AM

Abstract # 179 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 1:45 PM - Exhibit Hall

Optimized for Speed and Accuracy: ASTM Method D2887 option B

Lee Marotta, Leeman Bennington, Jay Ferraro, and Manny Faraq

ASTM Method D2887 Option B allows for faster chromatography while maintaining the boiling point accuracy demanded by the industry for this solution.

Using new gas chromatography (GC) oven technology, this poster will demonstrate how to attain faster analysis and enhanced retention time repeatability, optimizing sample throughput while achieving excellent accuracy. Correlation to physical distillation ASTM D86 on "real world" samples will be provided.

Poster - Abstract #179 - Exhibit Hall 1:45 PM

Abstract # 180 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

Parallel detection GC×GC-TOF MS/FID for routine petrochemical analyses

Laura McGregor, Matthew Edwards, Dave Wevill, Chris Hall and Nick Bukowski
Markes International

Precise characterization of petrochemical samples is crucial for quality control, and also to understand the reactions that take place during refining processes.

Parallel detection GC×GC provides targeted and non-targeted approaches in a single run. We also demonstrate Tandem Ionisation for simultaneous acquisition of both hard and soft EI spectra, providing improved speciation of isomers that are indistinguishable based on 70 eV data alone.

This approach therefore pushes the boundaries of hyphenated systems by providing three information-rich datasets per acquisition - namely robust quantitation by GC×GC-FID, untargeted screening by GC×GC-TOF MS (70 eV) and confirmatory identification by soft EI.

Poster - Abstract #180 - Exhibit Hall 9:15 AM

Abstract # 181 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

ProEZGC - Free, Web-Based Tool for Gas Chromatographic Modeling
Evaluating Retention Time Accuracy: Modeled vs. Actual Data

Katarina Oden adn Barry Bureger
Restek Corporation

Method development in gas chromatography (GC) is time-consuming and costly. While there are established methods for analysis of petroleum samples that provide adequate separation of the entire class of targeted compounds there is generally room for improvement in resolution and overall runtime. In addition, many laboratories are searching for a conformational analysis which is rarely found in the methods. Other laboratories are interested in verifying current elution order, reverse peak identification or simply are challenged with a new sample.
The ProEZGC Chromatogram Modeler generates and optimizes modeled chromatograms using an indices database of over 5000 compounds. This is a free, web-based program that allows the user to select compounds, stationary phases, film thicknesses, temperatures, column lengths, column internal diameters and flows. This presentation will examine ASTM D6729 parameters and retention time data and compare empirical data to retention times generated by the EZGC Chromatogram Modeler. We will also examine other examples of this tool's utility in method development for other classes of compounds, for instance, hydrocarbons found in gasoline and sulfur in natural gas.

Poster - Abstract #181 - Exhibit Hall 9:00 AM

Abstract # 182 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

Semi-empirical VUV spectra model for PIONA compounds

James Mao, Kevin A. Schug

In principle, one must obtain each of PIONA compounds' VUV spectrum for PIONA component analysis using GC-VUV technique. However, with the number of C increases, the number of possible structures of PIONA compounds increases dramatically, and obtaining each of these compounds' spectrum is impractical. By comparing available experimental VUV spectra and theoretically calculated spectra of PIONA compounds with low C number, we are working on building a model to generate reliable semi-empirical VUV spectra for PIONA compounds which possess high C number and lack of experimental data. We expect with the aid of these semi-empirical VUV spectra, reliable PIONA component analysis for compounds with high C number will become feasible.

Poster - Abstract #182 - Exhibit Hall 9:15 AM

Abstract # 183 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - Exhibit Hall

Sub-ppm Chlorine Monitoring of Hydrocarbons

Kyle Kuwitzky, Product Manager
Leslie Johnson, Applications Engineer
Dr. Zewu Chen, Director - Advanced Technology Development
Michael Palmer, Vice President - Sales


In the United States alone, NACE International, a professional association dedicated to reducing the economic impact of corrosion, has shown that $16 billion in lost profits for the petroleum refining industry occur as a result of corrosion because of maintenance, fouling, decreased capacity, unit outages, and premature turnarounds . Monitoring chlorine content of process inputs is a critical part of any corrosion mitigation strategy. Data is presented from an analysis technique for online and laboratory chlorine analysis utilizing monochromatic wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence (MWDXRF) to evaluate its suitability for sub-ppm quantification of chlorine in refinery feedstocks and process streams.

Poster - Abstract #183 - Exhibit Hall 10:30 AM

Abstract # 184 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:45 AM - Exhibit Hall

Transferring interfacial rheology data from lab tests to practical midstream processing: Optimizing demulsifier performance to reduce corrosion and pipeline pressure peaks

Raymond Sanedrin, Rifat Mingazov1, Igor Kogut, Thomas Willers2, Robert Minch, Daniel Frese

Using the oscillating drop method, various demulsifier systems were investigated. Different concentrations of asphaltene mixtures in toluene were characterized and, it was found that the change in storage modulus (E') of the asphaltene-water interface upon addition of demulsifying agents strictly correlated with the stability of water-in-oil (w/o) emulsions. The most promising demulsifier system was identified, was tested in field for practical midstream processing, and was compared to a commercially available standard demulsifier. Interestingly, deviations in pumping pressure could be reduced from 11.5 ± 2 atm to 11.0 ± 0.5 atm after switching from the standard to the identified demulsifier system. Results show how interfacial rheology measurements on a lab scale can be transferred to petroleum midstream processing to optimize the performance of demulsifying agents.

Poster - Abstract #184 - Exhibit Hall 10:45 AM

Abstract # 185 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

JFTOT + OptiReader + IHT = permanent unified thermal oxidation stability test results

Prashant Chandarana

ASTM D3241 measures the thermal oxidation stability of jet fuel using a JFTOT test. The results are read through a subjective visual rating using VTR technology. With the advancement in technology, it is now possible to eliminate the subjectivity by the use of a metro-logical method. This has created a need for managing a higher amount of data. PAC's JFTOT, OptiReader and Intelligent Heater Tubes (IHT) combination solves this issue by allowing users to manage the increased data electronically. This powerful ecosystem eliminates the need for a paper trail by storing results permanently in a unified test report.

Poster - Abstract #185 - Exhibit Hall 9:15 AM

Abstract # 193 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 11:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Catalyzed Thermometric Titration of Acid Numbers ASTM D8045

Tore Fossum
Mettler Toledo, LLC

The catalyzed thermometric titration of acid number in crude oils and petroleum products is a departure from the traditional pH electrode detected acid number. The reaction of base with acid in the sample is not exothermic enough to follow directly. By using an endothermic indicator, paraformaldehyde, the acidity can be determined. The KOH reacts first with the acid. When the acid is used up, the KOH reacts with paraformaldehyde in a strongly endothermic fashion. The titrator picks the point where the temperature begins to drop. The advantage of the method is a fast titration of around one to two minutes, and a sensor that does not depend on ionic conductivity nor need to be rehydrated. Results are repeatable and similar to what is obtained by ASTM D664. The instrument (standard titrator), reagents, and the accessories needed will be shown.

Poster - Abstract #193 - Exhibit Hall 11:00 AM

Abstract # 215 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - Exhibit Hall

Fast Polymer Analysis in Modern Petrochemical Labs

Adam Bivens, GPC and LC columns Product Manager

Agilent's 40 years in polymer science have seen it grow far beyond simple packaging and molded parts. Polymers now help meet industry demands for better performance from lubricants, drilling muds, asphalts, and dispersants. Agilent's has developed a series of rapid, automated GPC/SEC solutions to completely characterize a wide range of polymers, directly replacing labor intensive techniques like viscometry, melt analysis, and wet chemistry. Fast, modern GPC/SEC allows both producers and consumers eliminate the risk of poor performing products impacting industry operations, while also minimizing the cost of analysis.

Poster - Abstract #215 - Exhibit Hall 9:30 AM

Abstract # 216 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - Exhibit Hall

Simplify your Annual Recalibration Ritual with the new ADM Flow Meter

Paul Tripp, Farah Mavandadi, Ph.D., Global Marketing Program Manager

Maintaining a NIST-certified flow meter typically involves sending the device off-site for recalibration at least once per year. This process can waste hundreds of dollars in downtime, shipping costs, and paperwork. The ADM flow meter is a reliable platform for measuring volumetric gas flow without having to know the gas composition (limited to non-caustic gases). Moreover, the ADM flow meter does not have to be shipped back for recalibration to maintain NIST-Traceable standards. Simply replace the old cartridge with a new NIST-calibrated cartridge.

Poster - Abstract #216 - Exhibit Hall 9:30 AM

Abstract # 217 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

FT-NIR as a Real Time QC Tool for Polymer Manufacture

Hui Li, Qian Wang, Richard Jackson, Bryan DeVerse
Galaxy Scientific Inc. & Quantum Analytics

Near infrared spectroscopy has been used widely in the polymer industry. Compared to traditional methods such as wet chemistry and chromatographic methods, NIR spectroscopy provides considerable advantages in process and quality control applications through five fundamental benefits:

• low to no cost of consumables such as solvents, columns, reagents
• real time analysis - generally less than 10 seconds measurement time
• multiple components per analysis
• elimination of sample preparation time.
• elimination of many sources of systematic error

This presentation will present two FT-NIR polymers applications: one is the real time hydroxyl number and isocyanate number monitoring during a polyurethane reaction, and the other is the off-line quality control of percentage styrene in styrene copolymer. Galaxy Scientific's QuasIR 2000 fiber system and QuasIR 3000 integrating sphere system were used in this study. The methods implementation and accuracy will be discussed in detail.

Poster - Abstract #217 - Exhibit Hall 10:15 AM

Abstract # 218 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:45 AM - Exhibit Hall

Measuring Fuel Oxygenates in Gasoline using GC-FTIR

Allan P. Bohlke, Ph.D., Martin L. Spartz, Ph.D., Peter P. Behnke
Prism Analytical Technologies

A robust methodology for the determination of hydrocarbons and oxygenates in gasoline together with detailed component speciation and quantification for fuel characterization will be demonstrated utilizing multiple analytical calibration standards for ASTM D-4815. This was accomplished using a new analytical technology, GC-FTIR, which combines the separation power of chromatography with the identification and quantitative analysis power of absorption spectroscopy.

Poster - Abstract #218 - Exhibit Hall 9:45 AM

Abstract # 219 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Coal Gasification and Fischer Tropsch Catalysis Via a Microscale Reactor

Ben Peters, Karen Sam, Gary Deger
CDS Analytical

The US has the largest proven coal reserves of any country; over 25% of world total. Coal can be converted into many of the products / precursors typically associated with oil through gasification and subsequent catalysis. The data presented are a preliminary investigation of these processes using the CDS 5200HPRS pyrolyzer that allows the user to pyrolyze in steam under high pressure and flow the resultant products through a fixed bed reactor. By connecting directly to a GC/MS the gasification/catalysis experiments and analyses are performed in situ negating potential sample collection and/or storage issues.

Poster - Abstract #219 - Exhibit Hall 10:00 AM

Abstract # 222 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:15 AM - Exhibit Hall

Application of GC-MS and FTIR Methods for the Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds near Fracking Facilities for Oil and Gas Production

Ngee Sing Chong, Kiin Keith
Middle Tennessee State University

Fracking facilities are often associated with the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the atmosphere. In order to investigate the composition of these VOCs, canisters were used to collect grab samples at multiple locations in Karnes County, Texas, where many oil and gas production facilities are in operation. The samples were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) with a cryogenic pre-concentrator and the low molecular weight pollutants including C1-C3 compounds were analyzed using Fourier Transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) with a 10-meter gas cell. Selected samples show high levels of C3-C8 hydrocarbons as well as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes.

Poster - Abstract #222 - Exhibit Hall 10:15 AM

Abstract # 224 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 11:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Development of a laboratory corrosion test method to assist the pipeline transportation industry

Ms. Cindy Klager, Koehler instrument Company, Dr. Raj Shah, Koehler instrument Company
Koehler instrument Company

Traces of moisture found in petroleum products will cause corrosion on interior surfaces, potentially damaging pipelines and causing deposits in engines. The method used for determining the corrosive properties of gasoline and distillate fuels in preparation for transport through a pipeline was developed by the National Association of Corrosion Engineers. The NACE TM0172 test method takes four hours to perform and requires 300mL of sample. While this has served the industry well for many years, there has been a strong interest from all the key stake holders for a quicker method with faster turnaround, smaller sample size, and better repeatability and reliability.

Working closely with key refineries over the last few years, and with numerous trial and error experimental setups, a quicker, easier, and more reliable method has finally been developed. This ingenious laboratory experimental technique will save the industry significant time especially at pipeline transfer stations where a quick QC turnaround is necessary to determine if the product passes the corrosivity test.

Based on this idea, a new ASTM test method ASTM D7548 for Determination of Accelerated Iron Corrosion in Petroleum Products has now been developed and an international round robin will be conducted soon. This new ASTM method uses only 50mL of sample and takes less than a fourth of the time to complete the test. This poster will discuss in detail the development of this test technique, and the authors will also discuss the reliability of the accelerated test. Finally the authors will also present results that show comparative data between the NACE test and ASTM D7548, the accelerated iron corrosion test (AICT).

Poster - Abstract #224 - Exhibit Hall 11:00 AM

Abstract # 225 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 9:45 AM - Exhibit Hall

How the new EPA Tier 3 Gasoline Standards Will Affect Your Sulfur Measurements

Ms. Cindy Klager, Koehler Instrument Company; Dr. Raj Shah, Koehler Instrument Company; Mr. Scott Fess, Applied Rigaku Technologies
Koehler Instrument Company

Starting in 2017 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will put into effect the new Tier 3 Gasoline Standards. The new standards are meant to reduce emissions of passenger vehicles and trucks and lower the sulfur content of gasoline to reduce air pollution. The new requirement will only allow a maximum of 10 ppm sulfur in gasoline. ASTM D7220 "Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry" can be used to verify that your gasoline meets the new EPA requirements. This study shows that current EDXRF Technology using matrix-matched empirical calibrations can be used for the EPA performance-based testing.

Poster - Abstract #225 - Exhibit Hall 9:45 AM

Abstract # 229 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:45 AM - Exhibit Hall

Keeping Your Karl Fischer Under Control, Selecting an Appropriate Water Standard.

Doug Clark

The Karl Fischer titration is one of the most widely accepted methods for determining water content. While there have been improvements in reagents and instrumentation which have greatly increased the accuracy and reliability of the method, the need for calibration, validation and control, remain unchanged. Dealing with traditionally chosen pure water may present its own challenges, especially when trying to accurately deliver very small quantities.
This paper discusses the importance of sample size and its influence on standard selection. Various manufactured standards for the volumetric and coulometric analysis, along with the Karl Fischer oven, will be discussed.

Poster - Abstract #229 - Exhibit Hall 10:45 AM

Abstract # 231 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Primary Reference Fuel Standard Products from Honeywell Research Chemicals

Venkatraman Mohan
Honeywell Research Chemicals

Octane number, the principal performance characteristic of gasoline, is determined through use of certified PRF fuels and a Cooperative Fuel Research engine under controlled test conditions. Our PRF fuels are used in both research and analytical applications to provide outstanding results. Details of the list and quality of the products, as well as the test results (on multiple lots) presented to the ASTM committee will be discussed. All packaging options and availability will also be presented.

Poster - Abstract #231 - Exhibit Hall 10:00 AM

Abstract # 239 - Poster - 10/12/2016 - 11:00 AM - Exhibit Hall

Design of an innovative portable near-infrared analyzer for field measurements of multiple properties for various fuels

Stuart Farquharson,*Wayne Smith,* Carl Brouillette,* Vincent Colantuoni,** and Raj Shah** *Real-Time Analyzers Inc., 362 Industrial Park Rd (#8), Middletown, CT 06457 USA. stu@rta.biz
**Koehler Instrument Company, 85 corporate Drive, Holtsville, NY 11742 rshah@koehlerinstrument.com

Koehler Instrument

The need for fuel is growing worldwide along with the industrialization of many Asian and African countries.  Along with this growth is an increase in fuel theft in the form of dilution.  Dilution can range from water to lower grade fuels.  While water dilution can easily be determined, low grade fuel dilution requires sophisticated analyzers that determine various fuel properties.  Unfortunately, such analyzers are confined to laboratories, and the measurements can take hours to perform.  In an effort to meet the need for rapid verification of fuel at ports and depots, we have developed a field-portable analyzer that can determine multiple properties within 10 seconds.  The portable fuel analyzer measures the near-infrared (NIR) spectrum of a fuel sample, which is correlated to the properties using multivariate statistics and a fuel sample data base consisting of previously measured NIR spectra and ASTM properties.  Twenty-two correlation models have been developed for diesel, gasoline, and jet fuels that predict fuel properties comparable to ASTM reproducibility values.  The analyzer accurately determined properties for 16 diesel samples previously characterized at two ASTM certification laboratories.  The analyzer design, model development, and the sample measurements are described. This innovative analyzer will certainly be a useful tool and save immense time and money for all parties interested in quick and inexpensive accurate onsite fuel verification.

Poster - Abstract #239 - Exhibit Hall - 11:00 AM