2021 Oral Presentations

The following abstracts had been received and accepted for presentation at the 2021 Gulf Coast Conference.

Abstract # 100 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM - Keynote Speaker Exhibit Hall A4

Targeted vs. Non-Targeted Chemical Analysis on Different Analytical Platforms

Kevin A. Schug, Ph.D. - University of Texas at Arlington

A wide array of analytical instrumentation exist to perform quantitative and qualitative analysis on complex mixtures. The choice of chemical analysis tool, in conjunction with appropriate sample preparation, allows the lens to be focused on a particular sample dimension. Loosely, different sample dimensions can be equated to different classes of analytes contained in a sample. While, we ultimately will likely use very different strategies to characterize e.g. fatty acids vs. proteins in a biological sample, there is potentially value in monitoring each of these analyte classes for correlations with physiological changes that may results as part of a disease or some other abnormality. In fact, if one were trying to classify samples that were normal vs. abnormal, it could be argued that, while the monitoring of one sample dimension might be more diagnostic than another, monitoring and combining data from multiple sample dimensions would like provide additional information to aid the classification. This concept of chemical multi-fingerprinting (CMF) could ultimately help draw lines between different sample
classifications, where they were previously difficult to discern. We are currently working to define useful strategies for the combination of multiple analytical techniques for CMF of various sample types. This includes the development of highly featured targeted and non-targeted methods using: Headspace – solid phase microextraction (Arrow) – gas chromatography with parallel vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy and tandem mass spectrometry detection (HS-SPME-GC-VUV/MS); liquid chromatography – triple quadrupole and quadrupole – time-of-flight – mass spectrometry (LC-QQQ-MS and LC-QTOF-MS); and on-line supercritical fluid extraction – supercritical fluid chromatography – mass spectrometry (SFE-SFC- MS) with fraction collection capabilities. Generally, the strategy is to use untargeted analytical strategies in order to identify the most powerful discriminating features in a particular sample dimension; then, a targeted method can be developed for routine measurement and screening. While a full workflow is still being delineated, data exhibiting the potential power of a CMF strategy has been collected for some complex systems, such as for differentiating craft beers and for classifying pathogenic bacteria exposed to different stressors.

Abstract # 101 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM - Keynote Speaker Exhibit Hall A4

An Outlook On Petroleum Processing Now And In The Future

Leon de Bruyn - Lummus Technology

Lummus Technology’s President and Chief Executive Officer, Leon de Bruyn, will deliver the keynote address for the 2021 Gulf Coast Conference. In his address, Mr. de Bruyn will highlight the near-term and long-term outlook for the downstream petroleum processing industry. Lummus is the global leader in developing process technologies that make modern life possible and focus on a more sustainable, low carbon future. To learn more about the company, visit www.LummusTechnology.com.
 

Abstract # 121 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:15 AM - 9:35 AM - Daffodil Room

Deformulation, Comparison, and Distinguishing Nylon Co-Polymer From Blend Mixture using Multiple Modes of Pyrolysis-GC/MS

Athena Nguyen - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.
Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.

Manufacturers use nylon in various applications, such as textile, electronics, automotive, engineering plastics, and fibers. The formulation details of nylon are often not known to the manufacturers.  Companies in later stages in the supply chain have even less information on components.  Therefore, the same part number at a point in the supply chain can result in a polymer part that is not made with the same formulation, yet the apparent polymer properties may seem to be equivalent.  After usage, a failure analysis may be required to determine the chemical details. In this work, Pyrolysis-GC/MS characterizes and compares two lots that seem similar. 

Abstract # 123 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:35 AM - 9:55 AM - Daffodil Room

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Ink samples using Pyrolysis-GC/MS

Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.
Athena Nguyen - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.

Subtle differences in ink formulations are common. In some instances, the product will suddenly be more brittle, easily deformed or fail in routine use. Detailed analyses of the good and bad polymer reveal differences in the additives, the presence of unwanted contaminants or unexpected chemical linkage. All the past methodologies for the determination of organic pigments are based on solvent extraction, filtration, and concentration. These traditional techniques are time-consuming and suffer from analyst-to-analyst variability while producing data of limited value. In this work, Pyrolysis-GC/MS is used to characterize and compare two ink samples while eliminating any solvent extraction or sample pretreatment.

Abstract # 124 - Workshop
10/13/2021 - 1:10 PM - 3:10 PM - Daffodil Room

The Pyrolysis Workshop

Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.
Athena Nguyen - Frontier Laboratories Ltd.

Analytical flash pyrolysis is just the beginning. Today, virtually any material including solids can be chemically characterized using the array of techniques that are designed into the modern-day, multi-mode micro-furnace pyrolyzer. Pyrolysis adds a new dimension to chromatography as a sample introduction technique for GC and GC/MS. Attendees will learn when and how to use different modes of operations in Pyrolysis-GC/MS technique, such as Evolved Gas Analysis, Thermal Desorption, Heart-Cutting, or Pyrolysis; all with the same system. Potential, new and existing users of Frontier Labs’ Multi-functional Pyrolyzer products are encouraged to attend. No prior experience needed.

Topics:  

· “Method Map” for material characterization of virtually any sample: Step by step guidelines on chemical composition analysis

·  Applications: deformulation, failure, contamination, polymers & additives analyses in various industries, such as oil shale, rocks, biomass, rubber, plastics, paint, and coatings

·  Data Interpretation Hands-on Workshop using F-Search engine libraries for polymers, additives, and EGA thermograms

·  System maintenance and discussion session

Abstract # 132 - User Group
10/12/2021 - 1:15 PM - 3:45 PM - Iris Room

Grabner Vapor Pressure Analyzer User Training Session

Victor Smith - Petrolab Company
Richard Palmer - Petrolab Company

The Grabner Vapor Pressure Instrument User Workshop: The Basics: Learn about Vapor Pressure and understand the methods and correlation formulas. See how your analyzer operates and review all of the menu and measurement options available within your unit. Advanced: Walk through Vapor Procedures on your machine. Learn how to trouble shoot your unit and discover tips and tricks in working with your instrument.

Abstract # 146 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:40 AM - 10:10 AM - Orchid Room

Managing Calibrations for Optical Spectroscopy

Brian Rohrback - Infometrix, Inc.

A multi-industry consortium got together 8 years ago to rethink how calibrations need to be performed for spectroscopy instruments and analyzers. The priority was on solutions that are non-disruptive, fully utilize legacy systems, and lessen the workload rather than layer on additional requirements.  The result is a foolproof, simple approach that can be used with any type of brand of spectrometer, any type or brand of chemometrics, and ensures robust and reliable calibrations.

Abstract # 148 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:55 AM - 10:15 AM - Iris Room

Inert Coating Developments for Aluminum Substrates used in Sulfur, Mercury, and VOC Analysis

Clay Smith - SilcoTek Corporation
Gary Barone - SilcoTek Corporation

When constructing storage vessels for trace level analysis of gases in the field, aluminum is an attractive material over traditional sample cylinders or air cans made of stainless steel.  Not only is aluminum lighter weight than stainless steel which allows for savings when transporting vessels, it is also significantly cheaper due to its abundance and ease of machining. Just like stainless steel, aluminum has the propensity to absorb reactive compounds which can make trace level analysis of compounds such as sulfurs, mercury, ammonia, and VOCs difficult or impossible. Many researchers can overcome these issues with inert coatings for stainless steel components. SilcoNert 2000 (formerly known as Sulfinert) is a well-known, widely used, and openly available from a variety of manufacturers. Due to the catalytic nature of most aluminum surfaces, applying SilcoNert 2000 to aluminum components has yielded less than ideal coatings.  Recently, we have developed a new method of applying the coating to aluminum.  This presentation will discuss the new technique for application of the coating and resulting data.

Abstract # 155 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 11:45 AM - 12:10 PM - Floral Hall A2

ThermoFisher Scientific Chromeleon 7.3 Process Analyzer latest release

Larry West - ThermoFisher Scientific

Chromeleon 7.3 PA is part of a total solution offering for continuous process monitoring using gas, ion and liquid chromatography. Chromeleon 7.3 PA, for the Integral Process Analyzer, is the latest generation of process analytical software from ThermoFisher. This solution is based on Chromeleon 7.3 and incorporates a unique analyzer interface to expand the user’s ability to configure, control, monitor, and report data from multiple GC, IC or HPLC systems configured for continuous monitoring. In this presentation, I will show the software live.

Abstract # 161 - Workshop
10/13/2021 - 9:15 AM - 10:15 AM - Orchid Room

ASTM Compass 2.0 Demonstration

David de la Garza - ASTM International

Demonstration of ASTM's next generation digital standards platform, ASTM Compass 2.0.  Walkthrough all of the tools and content that is available to you via your company's online subscription. We will demonstrate all of the content and features of the platform and address any questions you may have.

Come learn about:

  • Accessing Your Subscriptions
  • Publishing Partner Content Availability
  • Features in Documents
  • Searching for Standards
  • Watching Training Videos in Compass
  • Menu Navigation
  • HTML Version Comparison
  • PDF Version Comparison

 

Abstract # 164 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 12:50 PM - 1:20 PM - Orchid Room

Understanding Analysis Chemistry

Ross Koile - Chemical Assistance Consulting, LLC

This presentation will focus on the importance of understanding analysis chemistry in the never-ending quest to improve analytical data, while at the same time reducing laboratory operational cost. The problems associated with several methods will be mentioned and a serious look at the Bromine Number (D1159)/Bromine Index (D2710) tests will be examined. The benefits of technical changes that simplify execution of this method are presented and discussed.

Abstract # 170 - Training Course
10/12/2021 - 9:15 AM - 10:15 AM - Hibiscus Room

Microspectroscopic Sampling – FT-IR and Raman Microscopy

Steve McQueen - ThermoFisher

This workshop will highlight the advantages of using Infrared and Raman microscopy techniques in the analysis of micro-scale materials.   The presentation will illustrate various applications of both microscopy techniques and the advantages of each based on the type of materials being analyzed.

Abstract # 171 - Training Course
10/12/2021 - 1:00 PM - 2:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

FTIR Theory and Sample Handling

Cam Macisaac - ThermoFisher Scientific

This workshop will cover the theory behind several spectroscopic techniques including Fourier transform Infrared technique. It will review what happens to molecules when they are exposed to the infrared. It will cover an overview of how spectra are recorded using the FT technique. It will also cover the theory behind several common IR sampling techniques and explore their usages

Abstract # 172 - Training Course
10/12/2021 - 3:00 PM - 4:30 PM - Hibiscus Room

Tutorial for IR/Raman Spectroscopy

Cam Macisaac - ThermoFisher Scientific

This workshop will cover Omnic software, the popular platform for running Thermo Fisher FT-IR, FT-NIR, and Raman spectrometers. A live software demonstration will be given to highlight features of Omnic, which will include collection of data from a working spectrometer. A live demonstration of TQ software will be given illustrating FTIR, FT-NIR and Raman quantitative and qualitative methods. Suggestions will be given on how to diagnose chemometric methods to ensure they accurately predict. Some pitfalls will be covered to avoid improperly modeled methods.  In addition, an overview of Macros/Basic automated workflow software will be given. This software is designed to build pre-program quantitative predictions. The Macros language can also automate many other software functions, like basic kinetic routines.

Abstract # 173 - Training Course
10/12/2021 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

Oil Sample Solidification: A Unique Approach to XRF Analysis of Petroleum-Based Samples

Glenn Williams - Rigaku Americas Corporation
Thanh Nguyen - Rigaku Americas Corporation

Three significant challenges to the traditional thin film sample cups used in direct X-ray fluorescence (XRF) oil analyses are: 1) leakage that can occur during either analysis or in queue before or after analyses, 2) key analyte settling that can give rise to higher or lower than nominal values, and 3) the inability or reduced sensitivity that this preparation technique affords the analysis of light element analytes. Oil solidification sample prep techniques provide a potential solution to all these challenges, as well as providing additional benefits. This training session will provide live hands-on demonstrations of solidification and analyses of a variety of petroleum-based oils as well as examples and comparisons of the analytical results.

Abstract # 174 - Training Course
10/13/2021 - 8:55 AM - 9:55 AM - Daffodil Room

Multi-function Thermal Injection System for Gas Chromatography

Karen Sam - CDS Analytical

With polymer analysis, gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC­–MS) may not be the obvious choice until a pyrolysis instrument is added. Additionally, one which versatile in many thermal introduction techniques greatly increases the functionality of your GC/MS. This training course will discuss the use of a thermal sample introduction instrument (Pyroprobe) from CDS Analytical with GC–MS to increase analytical throughput. Learn about the capability of the instrument under various configurations, and about an application roadmap along with specific case studies to pick the optimized sampling method.  

Learn the capability of Pyroprobe in evolved gas analysis, flash pyrolysis, thermal desorption, kinetics, dynamic headspace, heart-cutting and photochemistry.

Learn about the Pyroprobe application roadmap to pick the proper technique.

Learn about specific application examples in polymer analysis by using the Pyroprobe

Abstract # 175 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 2:10 PM - 2:55 PM - Daffodil Room

Lab Management = Talent Management

Jennifer Young - Young's Lab Consulting

Your people are the ones operating those new instruments, new procedures and new techniques.  What are you doing to ensure they are ready for the challenge?  What are you doing to put them first?   

In Lab Management = Talent Management, we talk about ideas for managing the Lab Team and making sure they are equipped to face new challenges.  We will explore ideas for developing their resilience for change.  Ways to encourage personalized skill development.  And promoting Lab Team ownership of the lab and lab product.

Abstract # 176 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:15 AM - 9:00 AM - Orchid Room

The Learning Lab: Creating a culture of learning is mission critical

Jennifer Young - Young's Lab Consulting

Behind that corporate initiative, and the goal it is trying to promote, is a requirement for growth.  A requirement that employees change their mindset and see or do things differently.  Better. 

Growth is learning.  And learning isn’t simply being taught something new. It is about mindset.  About the belief in your own competence and ability.  This starts with a culture that promotes and encourages learning.  We will explore what a learning culture looks like in the lab and practical ways to promote this mindset to the Lab Team. 

Abstract # 177 - Training Course
10/13/2021 - 1:30 PM - 3:00 PM - Orchid Room

Karl Fischer Water Analysis

Tore Fossum - Tor Systems

How to Determine Water by Karl Fischer Titration

- Chemistry of KF water determination
- General tips and hints
- Volumetric KF Water Determination
   - for general samples
   - for petroleum samples
   - for very low water content
- Coulometric KF Water Determination
   - fritless and fritted generators
   - for alcohols and general chemicals
   - for petroleum samples

Abstract # 178 - Training Course
10/12/2021 - 1:20 PM - 3:40 PM - Orchid Room

Instrumental Titration

Tore Fossum - Tor Systems

Instrumental Titration
-  General principles of Titration
-  Tips for high precision
  - Acid Base - Acid Number D664, Base Number D4739, Base Number 2896
  - Argentometric - Chloride, Mercaptan, Sulfide D3227, UOP 163
  - Redox  Bromine Number D1159, Bromine index D2710, D1492
  - Colorimetric  Acid Number D974
  - Thermometric  Acid Number D8045
  

Abstract # 179 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:45 AM - 10:10 AM - Hibiscus Room

Simple tips and tricks for Total Sulfur and Nitrogen Analyzers

Gabriel Villarreal - Lummus Technology

Total sulfur and nitrogen analyzers (TNSA) are work horses in the refinery and petrochemical lab.  There are many varieties and brands of TNSA.  This presentation will highlight general principles of analysis of the typical TNSA, present basic troubleshooting issues, summarize preventive maintenance needs, and fundamental software overview.

Abstract # 180 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:55 AM - 10:15 AM - Daffodil Room

A Sulfur Chemiluminescence Detectors (SCD) comparison: Four models, three vendors

Alan Cummings - Lummus Technology

SCDs have been the to go speciated sulfur detectors since their release in the mid-90s.  Other detectors preceded them for sulfur speciation, but they had their challenges that SCDs addressed.  With such popularity and promise of a better future, it is no wonder that there are now three vendors available that offer their own twist on the detector.

This presentation will focus of comparing those four detectors, with the same sample sets and assess which one is more reliable, more stable and has better stability, including an insight of the reason these detectors behave as presented.

Abstract # 181 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 2:30 PM - 3:00 PM - Vine 2 - Hotel

The Comparison of VHA and DHA. Which one is better?

Dion Boddie - Lummus Technology
Jean-Francois Bourny - Lummus Technology

Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis (DHA) has its origin with Neil Johansen and company in their 1993 paper that outlined the speciation of gasoline by capillary gas chromatography. The technology has improved tremendously since the days of long integrator printout on large tables.  Today’s DHA are computer driven and much more robust.  They are still based on Flame Ionization Detection and on retention time index. A recently developed detector for the petroleum industry, GC-Vacuum UltraViolet (GC-VUV), brings an additional dimension to the DHA – the VHA (VUV hydrocarbon Analysis).  With spectral ability, the VHA offers a faster analysis, a quicker reprocessing, and a more robust analytical methodology. This paper will compare the pros and the cons of DHA and VHA in a variety of refinery and petroleum samples.

Abstract # 182 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 12:30 PM - 1:15 PM - Iris Room

Aluminum Oxide Sensors and Sample System Considerations for Moisture Analysis in Gas and Liquid Hydrocarbons

Dr. David Hailey - Emission Rx CSI / ASTM
Raul Tovar - Process Insights

Aluminum oxide sensors consist of a hygroscopic layer of aluminum oxide that adsorbs or releases water molecules within its pores.  The electrical capacitance of the aluminum oxide layer changes as with changes in the surrounding water vapor pressure.  Analytical performance is a function of the geometry of the layer and its pore size.  Advancements in thin film technology and manufacturing continue to improve the performance (range, accuracy, and linearity) of aluminum oxide sensors.  An impartial review of film and pore thickness to performance will be discussed.  Going beyond the laboratory, requires a sample system designed for these probes.  Various approaches and trade-off will also be discussed.

Abstract # 183 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:20 AM - 9:50 AM - Vine 2 - Hotel

Modeling Petroleum Feedstocks for Gasoline Desulfurization

George Hoekstra - Hoekstra Trading LLC

Hoekstra Trading and VUV Analytics helped a refinery apply modern analytical methods for design and operation of a new gasoline desulfurizer which is the key refining process for meeting the new Tier 3 gasoline sulfur specification.  The process requires 99+% desulfurization of gasoline while minimizing saturation of high octane olefins.  Detailed hydrocarbon type analyses on six different feed streams provided data to develop a compositional model for any combination of those feeds.  The spreadsheet model is being used today by the refinery to design the new unit.  VUV Analytics’ methods enable fast, easy, reliable analysis for routine use. 

Abstract # 184 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 8:30 AM - 10:30 AM - Ivy Room 2 - Hotel

Comprehensive Analysis of Water and Wastewater for Refining, Petrochemical, and Industrial Laboratories

Andrew Fornadel - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Jonathan Peters - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Quoc-Huy Ho - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Richard Karbowski - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

The analysis of water in refineries, petrochemicals facilities, and industrial settings is critical to ensuring process efficiency, protecting facility infrastructure, and compliance with environmental regulations. In this seminar, we will address the common analytical needs and concerns for laboratories performing water analysis for refining, petrochemical, and industrial applications. Topics include:

· TOC and Online TOC analysis, including new pure-water TOC analyzer technologies

· Elemental Analysis – Selecting the best technique for your laboratory

· Rapid analysis of EPA 300 anions using a novel ion chromatograph

· Improving efficiency of VOC analysis by GCMS with a unique BFB tuning algorithm

Abstract # 185 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 2:30 PM - 2:50 PM - Ivy Room 2 - Hotel

Applicated Gas Chromatographs for Refining and Petrochemical Analysis

Allison Mason - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Ian Shaffer - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Andrew Fornadel - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

The System GC program at Shimadzu is dedicated to manufacturing application specific and built-to-specification gas chromatograph instruments for a range of analytical targets and needs. With a variety of instrument configurations, valves, and detectors, these GCs are applicable for nearly any need in the refining and petrochemicals industries.

In this presentation, we will provide an overview of the System GC program and process as well as highlight novel and robust solutions for common standard methods, such as ASTM 7833. We will also highlight solutions for analysis of sulfurs by GC-SCD in hydrocarbon streams.

Abstract # 186 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 3:30 PM - 3:50 PM - Ivy Room 2 - Hotel

Analysis of Alcohols in LPG by Gas Chromatography with Ionic Liquids Columns

Allison Mason - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Ian Shaffer - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Michaela Davenport - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments
Andrew Fornadel - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

Determining the concentration of alcohols in hydrocarbon streams is important due to their corrosivity and effects on the physical and chemical characteristics of the end product. Methods such as UOP 845, a retracted method for quantifying residual alcohols in LPG are commonly used for analysis. Other standard methods include UOP 960and ASTM D7423.

The development of ionic liquid column phases enables simplification of these methods. Here we present results of analysis of alcohols in LPG by GC-FID, GC-BID, and GCMS using ionic liquids columns to facilitate separations.

Abstract # 187 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 3:10 PM - 3:30 PM - Ivy Room 2 - Hotel

Elucidating Polymer Chemistry using MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry

Robert English - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

The analysis of polymers is critical to the production and quality assurance of a variety of products and materials. Historically, polymers analysis and molecular weight distribution was carried out using gel permeation chromatography, or GPC. In recent years, adoption of MALDI technologies has enabled fast, high throughput, and high accuracy analysis of polymers and plastics in various media while minimizing needs for instrument maintenance. In this presentation, we will highlight the power of using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for polymers and plastics analysis and provide an overview of a unique polymers analysis software package.

Abstract # 188 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:55 AM - 10:20 AM - Daffodil Room

Accelerating Organic Sample Preparation for ICP.

Jacob Herrington - Teledyne Cetac Technologies

Come get the FACCS about our all new sample preparation system for organic samples, the APS-7450V.  This system accelerates the sample preparation step prior to ICP analysis, removing laboratory bottlenecks and improving the lab workflow.  

Abstract # 189 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:40 AM - 10:10 AM - Vine 2 - Hotel

Evaluation of Pyrolysis Oils from Mixed Waste Plastics by GC-VUV

Melissa Dunkle - Dow Benelux, BV
Pascal Pijcke - Dow Benelux, BV
Matthijs Ruitenbeek - Dow Benelux, BV
George Bellos - Dow Benelux, BV

The issues around waste plastic have gained global attention, and many Value Chain Partners are working towards a plastic’s circular economy.  Dow has evaluated multiple pyrolysis oil samples produced around the world from waste plastics as a potential circular feedstock. Typically, these have been found not suitable to be used as a drop-in replacement of fossil-naphtha to produce circular plastics. To facilitate application of such oils as a circular feedstock, a much better understanding of the pyrolysis oil composition is required. This calls for the development of more advanced characterization techniques to identify a variety of hydrocarbons as well as organic molecules with hetero-atoms such as Cl, O, and/or N.

Pyrolysis oils originating from waste plastic are complex and contain unsaturated hydrocarbons which are not present in fossil feedstocks. Therefore, detailed hydrocarbon analysis (DHA) or GCxGC with FID detection is inadequate to fully characterize the hydrocarbon composition of such samples, especially when peaks are closely eluting, or even co-eluting.  In this study, the GC-VUV method previously described for the analysis of liquid hydrocarbon streams[1] has been applied to the analysis of pyrolysis oils.[2]  While GC-VUV can provide superior PIONA quantification based on the UV spectra, little information was obtained for the heteroatoms.   

Pyrolysis products are also rich in heteroatom containing hydrocarbons, especially oxygen, where commercially available methods are restricted within C1 and C5 oxygenates.  To obtain a better understanding of the heteroatom composition, GCxGC coupled to Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (TOF-MS) was used and preliminary results will be highlighted.  

[1] M.N. Dunkle, P. Pijcke, B. Winniford, G. Bellos. Journal of Chromatography A, 1587 (2019) 239-246.

[2] M.N. Dunkle, P. Pijcke, W.L. Winniford, M. Ruitenbeek, G. Bellos. Journal of Chromatography A, 1637 (2021) 461837.

Abstract # 190 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:10 AM - 9:40 AM - Vine 2 - Hotel

Plastic Pyrolysis Oil Analysis by GC-VUV

Jean-Francois Borny - Lummus Technology

Plastic waste conversion technology based on thermal pyrolysis will help reduce plastic waste through integrated processing solutions for turning end-of-life plastics into pyrolysis oil. The analyses of these samples are critical to the overall performance of the process and the usefulness of the product generated. Lummus Technology is at the forefront of this technology and the analytical support needed to make it successful. This presentation will focus on the hydrocarbon analysis of multiple samples from different plastic waste starting feeds and the power of the spectral analysis that GC-VUV provides.

Abstract # 191 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 12:30 PM - 12:50 PM - Orchid Room

Process Optimization of Catalyst Performance Using Rapid Integrated FTIR-Raman Spectroscopy

Jean-Francois Borny - Lummus Technology
Matthew McCormick - Spectrum Environmental Solutions

At the Lummus Technology Development Center, highly variable scaled-up pilot plant studies under process conditions place heavy demands on rapid, near-real-time analytical results.  Lummus recently evaluated the dual spectroscopic technique developed at Spectrum which entails integrated co-linear FTIR and Raman scattering in a single device operating at 30 seconds.  An application and analytical overview for Catofin process will be presented highlighting the successful installation and resulting process investigation and optimization.

Abstract # 193 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:55 AM - 9:15 AM - Daffodil Room

Highly tuned EDXRF leads to increased sensitivity in sulfur and chlorine analysis of petroleum products

Mike Pohl - HORIBA Scientific

The measurement of sulfur in petroleum products has been practiced for many years.  Recently, additional elements have become a source of concern in crude oil samples.  One approach to this challenge has been to develop a new X-ray instrument for each required element.  This has proven to be an expensive solution, which takes up a lot of laboratory bench space.  Another approach has been to design the analysis of all elements into one instrument.

This newer approach, however, does have challenges, which need to be overcome.  With all analyses in one instrument, inter-element effects must be addressed.  This challenge becomes even more daunting when neighboring elements are being measured with one at very high percentages and the other at PPM levels.  This challenge has been overcome with monochromatic EDXRF technology.   This technology has already been approved as D7220 and is being used to measure a wide variety of samples from sulfur in automotive fuel and jet fuel to chloride in crude oil at low levels.

This presentation will discuss the technology itself and the many benefits including east of use.  The data from several different studies will be shown and the data quality discussed.  Newer applications with different elements will be reviewed.

Abstract # 195 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 2:50 PM - 3:10 PM - Ivy Room 2 - Hotel

EDXRF Analysis of Sulfur in Petroleum Products, Compliance with New Standards

Joel Langford - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

The sulfur content of hydrocarbon fuels and petroleum products is regulated to limit atmospheric emission of sulfur oxides (SOx), which can cause negative health and environmental impacts. In 2020, new regulations from the International Maritime Organization (IMO) went into effect that restrict the acceptable sulfur concentration in marine fuel oil to a maximum of 0.5% (m/m). A Shimadzu EDX-7000 Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (EDXRF) was used to establish compliance with common standard test methods, ASTM D4294 and ISO 8754, and to analyze a sample of marine fuel oil. The successful evaluation of the EDX-7000 demonstrates its functionality for assessing the sulfur content of heavy hydrocarbon distillates and compliance with the new IMO 2020 regulations.

Abstract # 197 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Floral Hall A2

Alkanolamine determinations in neutralizing amines samples with improved separation technology

Chris Shevlin - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Terri Christison - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Jeff Rohrer - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Sour crude natural gas requires treatment with amine-rich (%) scrubber solutions to neutralize the sour gas to sweet gas. Cation-exchange chromatography with suppressed conductivity detection monitors the concentrations of alkanolamines, amine byproducts, and corrosive dissolved salts to assure neutralization capacity and limit corrosive ions. However, these sample are challenging due to the high concentration of amines and their similar structures. In this application, diluted alkanolamine solutions are separated on a recently introduced high-performance cation-exchange column with improved separation technology that elutes the alkanolamines between the singly and doubly charged cations. The alkanolamines are detected by suppressed conductivity.

Abstract # 199 - Training Course
10/13/2021 - 8:15 AM - 8:55 AM - Iris Room

Iron Analysis by XRF and its Effect on Sulfur

Leslie McHenry Bridget Chartrand - XOS
Bridget Chartrand - XOS

Join an XOS Applications Scientist to explore best practices for iron measurements by XRF. This presentation will also provide an update on the addition of iron to the scope of ASTM D8252 (V & Ni in crude by XRF). We will also take a dive into the effect of iron on sulfur measurements and why PetraMAX is an alternative solution to centrifuging prior to analysis.  

Abstract # 203 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 12:30 PM - 12:50 PM - Hibiscus Room

Analysis of Crude Oil by High-Resolution ICP-OES PlasmaQuant 9100

Siqi Sun - Analytik Jena US LLC

Analysis of Crude Oil by High-Resolution ICP-OES PlasmaQuant 9100   Crude oils contain as many as 45 elements, many of which are can have adverse effect on petroleum refining and product quality. These effects can include poisons to the catalysts used during the refining process or corrosion to the process equipment. The determination and quantification of these trace elements can be particularly challenging because of the high viscosity of many crudes and the presence of large particulates. This requires time-consuming sample preparation, such as ashing and wet acid decomposition, in a business environment in which time is money. This study demonstrates that, with the right instrument, the right sample introduction system, and the right method, all of these challenges can be addressed, while simultaneously reducing sample preparation time by 85%. In addition, due to the vertical plasma geometry of the V Shuttle torch in PlasmaQuant 9100, soot formation, memory effects, and frequent torch replacement can be avoided. This study also demonstrates how a large refinery adopted this solution, resulting in a return on investment in under three months.

Abstract # 204 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 12:30 PM - 12:50 PM - Daffodil Room

Improved characterisation of materials using pyrolysis with GC×GC‒TOF MS

Matthew Edwards - SepSolve Analytical

Pyrolysis coupled with GC‒MS (Py‒GC‒MS) has been widely adopted for materials characterisation, in order to provide important compositional and structural information without the need for sample pre-treatment.

However, the resulting chromatograms (or pyrograms) are often extremely complex, meaning multiple coelutions are observed when using conventional 1DGC.

Here, we demonstrate how pyrolysis coupled with two-dimensional gas chromatography and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Py–GC×GC–TOF MS) can be used for quality control of consumer products, including tyres, plastics and paper.  

Abstract # 206 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:00 AM - 8:25 AM - Daffodil Room

Improving identification of Aromatics in Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis of Gasoline Sample by simultaneous processing of FID and MS signals.

Joaquin Lubkowitz - Separation Systems

The analysis of aromatics in gasoline is of major importance for the calculation of the particle index (PMI) as described by Jetter et al.1 This calculation requires the correct identification of aromatics since they are responsible for 95 % of the total PMI of a gasoline. The PMI index is calculated using the double bond equivalence, the vapor pressure, and the concentration of gasoline components. Commonly, the methods used for determining the aromatics and the PMI index are ASTM methods such as ASTM D5769 and ASTM D6730. The former method utilizes only GC-MS analysis while the latter method utilizes only GC-FID analysis. Peak identification in FID chromatograms processed by commercial software is based on Kovats retention indices or pattern recognition algorithms. The splitting of column eluate between the MSD and FID has been well documented.2,3 By adjusting the length of the capillary tubing directed to the MSD and FID, it is possible to reduce the retention time variation of a component between the two detectors to a maximum of ± 4 seconds. In other words, the retention time of the signal generated by the MSD does not vary more than 4 seconds from the retention time of the signal generated by the FID. This fact presents the opportunity to simultaneously display the total ion chromatogram (TIC), selected ion chromatograms, a reference chromatogram, and the FID signal in relative alignment for a single peak on one screen. Selecting and isolating 3 - 4 common ions for each type of aromatic compound allows a comparison of the MSD signal with the FID signal and effective corroboration of the aromatic identity of the FID detected compound. The stark contrast of the MSD peak with its underlying selected ions overlapping the named FID peak identified by retention index facilitates the easy confirmation of the aromatic identity of the evaluated component.

Abstract # 207 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 12:50 PM - 1:10 PM - Daffodil Room

Run Time and Resolution: Experiences in Optimizing Refinery Gas Analyzers (RGA)

David Strobel - Lummus Technology

Refinery Gas Analyzers (RGAs) are multi-column multi-valve gas chromatographs that are specially configured to analyze selected light hydrocarbons, permanent gases, and hydrogen. Over a dozen instrument vendors have produced thousands of RGAs, each with their own unique configurations and operating parameters. As these instruments mature and analytical requirements change, GC chemists are sometimes faced with adapting their existing RGAs to new challenges. This presentation discusses recent approaches to adapt and optimize RGAs for new use in our lab and plant.

Abstract # 208 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:30 AM - 8:55 AM - Daffodil Room

A Portable Fuel Property Analyzer (PFPA) for Prediction of Key Properties of Gasoline, Jet and Diesel Fuels

Bill Welch - Spectro-Intelligence LLC
Dr. Stuart Farquharson - Real Time Analyzers, Inc.

A portable fuel property analyzer (PFPA) was developed with the support and cooperation of the United States Military by Real Time Analyzers Inc., and is commercially available.  The PFPA provides rapid fuel analysis anywhere it’s needed and uses near infrared spectroscopy combined with advanced multivariate analysis to predict key fuel properties for gasoline, jet and diesel fuels.  The properties were developed and validated according to ASTM D8321.   Spectroscopic measurements with ASTM standard test method values of ~800 fuels from around the world were used to calibrate instruments validate equations then determine predicted property values of unknown fuel samples.   

Abstract # 209 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:00 AM - 9:20 AM - Orchid Room

N/S/Cl Determination in Biofuels and Their Precursors with EA 5100 Micro-elemental Analyzer

Victoria Kirk - Analytik Jena US LLC

N/S/Cl Determination in Biofuels and Their Precursors with EA 5100 Micro-elemental Analyzer New methods for the production of alternative fuels are a growing field of interest. Technologies based on fermentation of starch and sugar, and the transesterification or hydrocracking of plant and animal oil, delivering so-called first-generation biofuels, are already well established. With the use of biogenic materials for fuel production, the inherently high amount of harmful nitrogen, sulfur and chlorine-containing hydrocarbons that results has to be monitored. This is not only due to the adherence of given regulations and legal limits, but also to avoid negative effects on the production process and environment. Therefore, a strict monitoring of the feed stocks, intermediates, and final products is crucial.   The origins of such matrices are just as different as their digestion behavior. A quantitative combustion of all sample components is the precondition for correct elemental analysis. In the past this was a time-consuming challenge, requiring experience in developing specific boat programs for each sample matrix. In addition, there was frequent need for maintenance intervention and repeated measurements due to soot formation and contamination of the analyzer. The slightest changes in the process, different matrix composition or other sample quantity affected the results ‘correctness. To overcome this, Analytik Jena developed the flame sensor technology to automatically optimize the combustion process to the specific needs of any matrix type, quantity and composition. In this study, a method was created for elemental analysis of biofuels and their precursors. With the effective soot prevention, the maintenance effort is reduced to a minimum in this method.

Abstract # 210 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:20 AM - 9:40 AM - Orchid Room

Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence According to ASTM D6667 and ASTM D7551

Victoria Kirk - Analytik Jena US LLC

In this study, different application methods are presented for the fast and reliable determination of widely varying sulfur contents by means of UV fluorescence with a minimum effort for calibration and sample preparation. Gaseous hydrocarbons are valuable source materials for synthesis processes, fuels, energy carriers or auxiliary materials in pharmaceutics and cosmetics. Their quality and composition, especially their sulfur content, play an important role. For the use as combustible or fuel (LPG, CNG), emission limits for sulfur must not be exceeded and the sulfurous odorants added for safety reasons must be at the appropriate level.   A reliable sulfur trace detection method was built with Analytik Jena EA 5100. The EA 5100 Micro-elemental Analyzer fulfilled the analysis requirement in such matrices, such as precise and safe metering technology, quantitative combustion and highly sensitive detectors.

Abstract # 211 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 9:20 AM - 9:50 AM - Floral Hall A2

High-throughput Static Headspace solution for Dissolved Gas Analysis in transformer oil according to ASTM D3612C

James Pachlhofer - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Dissolved gas analysis (DGA) in transformer oil is a widely-used diagnostic tools for detecting and preventing faults in electrical equipment. A common analytical test method follows the ASTM D3612C guidelines, which specifies the static headspace sampling as extraction technique of the dissolved gases, followed by gas chromatographic separation and quantification. Robustness and reliability of the analytical system are of primary importance for high throughput testing laboratories involved in monitoring the proper functionality of electrical transformers. This presentation describes key features and analytical performance of a new generation of headspace autosampler coupled with a robust Transformer Oil Gas Analyzer (TOGA).     

Abstract # 213 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Ivy Room 2 - Hotel

Shimadzu’s Analytical Solutions for the Hydrocarbon Processing Industry and Customer Case Studies

Raj Makhamale - Shimadzu Middle East Africa

Shimadzu offers a complete suite of instruments applicable to the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI), including gas chromatography and applicated systems, GC/MS, elemental spectroscopy, TOC, and more. This presentation will provide an overview of Shimadzu’s complete analytical solutions for the HPI as well as case studies in customer success with major global installations at refineries and chemical facilities.  Particular attention will be paid to instrumentation applicated to industry standard test methods and support of large installation bases at these types of facilities.

Abstract # 218 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 12:30 PM - 12:50 PM - Daffodil Room

ICP-OES and ICP-MS background comparison with glass, quartz, and Teflon digestion tubes

Eric Tang - Lummus Technology
Jean-Francois Borny - Lummus Technology

Is the vessel that is used for ICP analysis critical? The short answer is: It depends. ICP-OES and ICP-MS have at least an order of magnitude difference in detection limit. This will make a difference in what can and cannot be used.  It is also critical to know what significant information the analysis will provide.  Not all analyses are equal, nor are all vessels created equal.

This presentation will compare the three major types of vessels used for ICP analyses.  The blank backgrounds with different types as well as  different digestion temperature are compared . We will also investigate how this will affect the analytical results and how to avoid typical traps for these analyses.

Abstract # 221 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 12:50 PM - 1:20 PM - Hibiscus Room

Methods That Don’t Work & What We Can Do About It

Ross Koile - Chemical Assistance Consulting, LLC

This presentation will present practical examples of methods that performed poorly vs the informational need and how this issue was dealt with.   Obvious corrections sometimes do nothing to fix the issue because of a poor understanding of analysis chemistry.  Resolution can range from simple acts to entirely reworking the analysis.   Recommendations for upgrading ASTM D2119 & D7704-11 will be presented.

Abstract # 222 - Workshop
10/13/2021 - 8:45 AM - 9:15 AM - Orchid Room

Managing Employees and Staffing During a Pandemic

Katie Tyer - Labtopia
Jeanne Mensingh - Labtopia

As businesses struggle to recover from the pandemic, they find themselves having to navigate through multiple issues related to recruiting and employee retention. It is no secret that GOOD talent is hard to come by. From highly skilled technical roles to entry level workers, the general candidate market has gone through many changes over this past year. What does this mean for employers? Businesses are searching for answers on how to quickly recruit high quality talent while simultaneously trying to keep their current staff engaged and interested. Join Labtopia Staffing’s recruitment expert, Katie Tyer, for an in depth discussion on attracting talent and retaining employees.

Key Session Topics Include:  

- Increasing employee retention rates     

- How to attract all-star candidates in a candidate driven market     

= Creating and sustaining a healthy company culture

Abstract # 223 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 1:00 PM - 1:30 PM - Floral Hall A2

Microwave Digestion of Oils and Polymers using the CEM iPrep Vessel

Michael Howe - CEM Corporation

Microwave digestion is a popular and well-established sample preparation technique for trace metals analysis. It provides the ability to digest very difficult sample matrices at elevated temperatures, which cannot be achieved in atmospheric digestion conditions. Samples such as crude oil and polymers require rigorous conditions in order to achieve a complete digestion. We will use the MARS 6 with iPrep vessels to prepare a variety of petroleum-based products. We will cover the digestion method and provide results on these samples as well as spike recoveries of volatile elements to validate our method.

Abstract # 224 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM - Floral Hall A2

Advances in the Analysis of New and Used Lubricating Oils by High-Resolution ICP-OES

Siqi Sun - Analytik Jena US LLC

Lubricating oils are the lifeblood of oil-wetted machinery. Elements such as barium, boron, calcium, copper, magnesium, molybdenum, phosphorus, sulfur, and zinc are used as additives in lubricating oils to improve their lubricating capability and properties. The quantity of those elements highly affects a lubricant’s performance. Therefore, a rapid, sensitive, and precise measurement is crucial as part of its production.   In this paper, ASTM D4951 and D5185 methods are demonstrated with Analytik Jena’s PlasmaQuant® 9100 Elite, equipped with an organic sample introduction kit. The ASTM D4951 covers eight elements and can be used to determine if additive packages and unused lubricating oils meet specifications with respect to their elemental composition. ASTM D5185 method is designed for used and unused oil samples, identifying 22 additives, wear metals, and contaminants. 

Abstract # 225 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Floral Hall A2

Direct Elemental Analysis of Solid and Volatile Carbon-based samples using the Agilent 5900 ICP-OES and IsoMist Programmable Temperature Controlled Spray Chamber

Patrick Simmons - Agilent Technologies

Determination of trace metals in carbon-based samples is essential to characterize and monitor for production efficiency as well as environmental and health concerns.   However, high volatility and solidifying of carbon-based products can affect the stability of the signal, carbon build-up on the torch, plugging of the nebulizer, and extinguishing of the plasma.  Using the elemental workhorse of many labs, ICP-OES, this talk will demonstrate and discuss the direct analysis of typically difficult samples such as volatile products like gasoline and solid/semi-solid products like fully hydrogenated soybean oil. Results of the Agilent 5900 ICP-OES and the IsoMist Programmable Temperature Controlled Spray Chamber will be presented.

Abstract # 226 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 2:30 PM - 3:00 PM - Floral Hall A2

Analysis of Naphtha Using the Thermo Scientific iCAP PRO Series ICP-OES With the Glass Expansion IsoMist Programmable Temperature Controlled Spray Chamber

Mike Mourgas - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) is a reliable and robust technique for the trace elemental analysis of petroleum products. However, challenges are experienced while analyzing volatile organic solvents, such as light naphtha, due to the solvent load and higher vapor pressure causing plasma instability.
This presentation demonstrates how the solvent load and nebulization efficiency from volatile organic solvents can be reduced using the iCAP PRO ICP-OES equipped with a spray chamber cooled to -100C improving overall stability and the quality of analytical measurements for this challenging matrix.

Abstract # 227 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 3:00 PM - 3:30 PM - Floral Hall A2

Trace Metals Analysis of Lubricating Oils by ICP-OES for ASTM D5185

Jon Peters - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

Understanding the metals content of lubricating oils are critical to assessing and monitoring the condition of both the oil and engine. Here, we present trace metals data acquired using a Shimadzu ICP-9820 in compliance with ASTM D5185 for engine oils. The vertical orientation of the torch minimizes the build-up of carbon-based soot, allowing for samples to be analyzed without the introduction of a stream of oxygen. The Shimadzu ICPE-9820 in conjunction with an organic sample introduction kit and ICPE solution software provides excellent precision, accuracy, and tolerance to meet and exceed compliance with regulations on trace metals in lubricating oils.

Abstract # 228 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:30 AM - 8:55 AM - Floral Hall A2

Critical On-line Process Monitoring using Ion Chromatography

Kirk Chassaniol - Thermofisher Scientific

Optimize your process operations by improving process monitoring. Thermo Scientific™ Dionex™ Integral™ systems continuously monitor processes to maximize efficiency and alert you to costly variations in feed contamination and product quality. These systems provide a versatile and adaptable approach for implementation of new or existing “grab sample” methods to on-line IC. Thermo Scientific™ Reagent-Free™ IC (RFIC™) systems and IC capabilities can be easily combined with configurable sampling systems and flexible industrial enclosure options--ideal for the process R&D lab, pilot plant or production area. Engineering resources can be focused on implementation, not on instrumentation design. 

Abstract # 229 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:50 AM - 10:10 AM - Floral Hall A2

Speciated AOX using Combustion IC

Kirk Chassaniol - Thermofisher Scientific

Combustion Ion Chromatography is widely used in the oil & gas industry for measurement of halogen species in a broad range of products and process intermediates.  Automated combustion sample preparation coupled with sensitive and robust IC separation has relieved a bottleneck caused by unreliable manual sample preparation and analysis techniques.  In this seminar we will present updates to the current instrument and new applications for all users.  We will highlight some recent work for halogenated organic species of environmental importance and solutions provided by Combustion Ion Chromatography.

Abstract # 230 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 12:10 PM - 12:35 PM - Floral Hall A2

Improving Lab Productivity through Pre-Configured Software Solutions: Thermo Scientific SampleManager LIMS software Refinery Solution

Seth Heupel - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Required to meet strict industry standards, refinery laboratories need to ensure that the technology and software implemented can help to increase laboratory productivity and reduce project risk. Thermo Fisher Scientific’s SampleManager LIMS software Refinery Solution can act as an implementation accelerator, using industry-standard features, expertise, and experience to expedite the return on investment and ultimately drive the digital transformation journey. Attend our talk to learn about the benefits and capabilities of our pre-configured, industry-standard Refinery solution.

Abstract # 232 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 1:10 PM - 1:50 PM - Daffodil Room

Oxygenates in Hydrocarbon Cargoes by Multidimensional GC 28 Years Later and This Time it's Lowox in Pygas

Mike Setzer - Coastal Gulf & International, Inc.

Decades ago Mike became the independent analytical standard for cargoes of the oxygenated fuel additives MTBE & ETBE.

Then for cargoes of motor gasoline & blendstocks to more reliably determine the oxygenate content at percent levels, ASTM D4815 was advanced well beyond what was otherwise available.

Today further techniques are employed in order to determine trace oxygenates which are usually present in pyrolysis gasolines, but which are considered undesirable components.

Relying on the specialized PLOT GC columns, such as the original Lowox column introduced in the 1990's by Jaap de Zeeuw, oxygenated and highly polar compounds in the lighter portion of the sample are "trapped" by this secondary Gas-Solid Chromatography column, and eluted subsequent to the accompanying hydrocarbons which pass through nearly unretained, after both groups exit the ordinary GLC precolumn together in the multidimensional arrangement.

Since 2009 method ASTM D7423 has employed this type apparatus to determine trace oxygenates in light hydrocarbon cargoes but the method scope is limited to primarily LPG cargoes or those containing not much heavier than C5 hydrocarbons. Regardless of how often it is requested for Pygas, D7423 has been found to be unsuitable for most Pygas which is not usually very well within the scope at all.

Pygas is its own animal.

Unsuitable for most laboratories, most laboratories unsuitable for it.

Adjustments have been made to tame the beast.

Abstract # 233 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 9:35 AM - 10:05 AM - Iris Room

GC Method Translation in Adsorption Gas Chromatography (PLOT columns)

Katarina Oden - Restek
Keith Irwin - Restek
Jaap de Zeeuw - Restek

Adjustments made to the GC method parameters, like inlet/outlet pressure or flow, carrier gas, or even different capillary column dimensions, can lead to retention time shifts of the analytes or even changes in elution order. That is why one of the most valuable tools when modifying/developing a GC method are method translators. The method translators calculate new analysis conditions by preserving the same elution temperature for each analyte, thus maintaining the same elution order. Using these tools, the method can be translated to a different; column dimension, carrier gas, column length, for example, with no time spent on the method development.

Method translation works well for columns with a liquid stationary phase where the principle of separation is based on partitioning. How well do the translation principles work in PLOT column chromatography (gas/solid chromatography) where separation relies on adsorption/desorption mechanisms, which are a surface process? The seminar will focus on how to perform the most common method translations using porous polymers and alumina PLOT columns.

Abstract # 234 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Salon H - Hotel

Quantitative Moisture Analysis Below 100ppm in Liquid Process Streams

Adam Hopkins - Metrohm USA
Elena Hagemann - Metrohm USA

Moisture control is critical to many chemical processes, and for many base chemicals, very low levels of moisture (<100ppm) must be maintained to avoid adverse side reactions. Due to both sample handling challenges, and equipment maintenance requirements reliable measurements in the lab at these levels are difficult to achieve. Online near-infrared spectroscopy overcomes both obstacles, but most commercial precalibrated analyzers are not able to operate at these low levels. In this session, we will demonstrate how Metrohm is able to achieve this low level of quantitative accuracy and the requirements to maintain this sensitivity using case studies of methanol and propylene oxide (PO). We will discuss this in the context of different ways to deploy the analyzer, with particular focus on maintaining calibration. Metrohm’s novel automated calibration approach allows quantification to approximately 30ppm and detection below 10ppm in real-time measurements. This level of sensitivity allows higher quality alkoxylations, reduces dehydration operations, and increases safety. 

Abstract # 235 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 3:00 PM - 3:30 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Quantitative Moisture Analysis Below 100ppm in Liquid Process Streams

Adam Hopkins - Metrohm USA
Elena Hagemann - Metrohm USA

Moisture control is critical to many chemical processes, and for many base chemicals, very low levels of moisture (<100ppm) must be maintained to avoid adverse side reactions. Due to both sample handling challenges, and equipment maintenance requirements reliable measurements in the lab at these levels are difficult to achieve. Online near-infrared spectroscopy overcomes both obstacles, but most commercial precalibrated analyzers are not able to operate at these low levels. In this session, we will demonstrate how Metrohm is able to achieve this low level of quantitative accuracy and the requirements to maintain this sensitivity using case studies of methanol and propylene oxide (PO). We will discuss this in the context of different ways to deploy the analyzer, with particular focus on maintaining calibration. Metrohm’s novel automated calibration approach allows quantification to approximately 30ppm and detection below 10ppm in real-time measurements. This level of sensitivity allows higher quality alkoxylations, reduces dehydration operations, and increases safety. 

Abstract # 236 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Choosing a Spectrometer for Chemical, Petrochemical, or Polymer Analysis

Adam Hopkins - Metrohm USA

Vibrational spectroscopy can identify materials, measure concentrations, and determine physical parameters rapidly, reproducibly, and without sample preparation. This is because the technology identifies molecules by their unique fingerprints. This capability makes a spectrometer an invaluable tool in the laboratory or in production. However, in many cases, the wrong spectrometer is applied to a problem, resulting in lost time, wasted effort, and disillusionment with the technology.

The three most common types of vibrational spectrometers on the market are near-infrared (NIR), mid-infrared (MIR), and Raman spectrometers. Each of these technologies has unique strengths and is best-suited to addressing different problems NIR spectroscopy has a reputation for being very-powerful, but difficult to implement. MIR spectrometers are ubiquitous in the lab, where they are most-commonly FTIR instruments, but have limited sampling capabilities. Raman is a newer technology with great promise, but is often considered too costly to implement.

In this session, we explore these instruments to develop “rules of thumb” that you can use to determine what type of spectrometer you should use for different types of problems, and then demonstrate the simplicity of turnkey solutions.

Abstract # 238 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 12:30 PM - 1:00 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Monitoring Amines in Crude Oil Transport and Refinery Processes

Jay Sheffer - Metrohm USA

Monitoring corrosion is key to maintaining successful long term operation of oil pipelines and refineries. Amines are routinely added to neutralize hydrogen sulfide vapor for transport of crude to the refinery and are typically used to strip hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, and other acidic gases in the refining process. However, too much amine present in the wrong location can actually increase corrosion rates. Therefore, it is in the industry’s best interest to monitor these corrosion sources and work is underway at ASTM to develop a standard practice for extraction of water-soluble amines in crude oil. This talk addresses the impact of amines on crude refinement and the versatility of ion chromatography to monitor these species. 

Abstract # 239 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 3:30 PM - 4:00 PM - Salon H - Hotel

New ProfilerF Solids Total Fluorine Analyzer for Measuring Polymer Processing Additives (PPA)

Jay Sheffer - Metrohm USA

Polymer Processing Additives (PPA) are fluoropolymer compounds that are commonly used in plastics manufacturing to improve the quality of extruded products such as films, pipes, cables, and fibers. Adding the right concentration of PPA is important so that process efficiency and throughput is optimized without the unnecessary expense or waste of adding too much of the costly additive. Combustion ion chromatography (CIC)which measures total fluorine in solid samples, has previously been employed for this analysis.. In this paper, a new dedicated fluorine analyzer technology, which features many improvements over traditional CIC, is presented for measuring PPA additives in polymers.   

Abstract # 240 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 1:00 PM - 1:30 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Corrosion Monitoring with Online Process Analytical Technology

Kraig Kmiotek - Metrohm USA

If water is a part of your manufacturing process, your plant infrastructure is at risk from corrosion. Despite this risk, many companies are unaware of the damaging impact corrosion has on plant infrastructure, production, and profitability. To gauge the threat from corrosion, most industries rely on measuring a single parameter, such as pH. However, this approach does not provide sufficient data to predict corrosion events. Join this talk to learn how multiparameter, online process analyzers continuously monitor for corrosive ions and corrosion inhibitors, providing an accurate corrosion profile and dramatically decreasing your risk.   

Abstract # 241 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Salon H - Hotel

From Lab to Process: Thermometric TAN by ASTM D8045

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA
Kraig Kmiotek - Metrohm USA

ASTM Standard D8045 offers a more precise, efficient and cost-effective method for laboratory automation of Total Acid Number in crude oils. Through eight years of development work with ASTM and thousands of sample measurements, this standard has shown to be rugged, robust and repeatable across many labs and technicians. By overcoming the solubility and precision challenges encountered with traditional potentiometric measurements, it is now possible to take these critical TAN measurements to the process using online analyzers. This talk will provide an overview of ASTM D8045 and demonstrate how it can be implemented in your lab and your process. 

Abstract # 242 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 2:30 PM - 3:30 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Accurate and Reliable Karl Fischer Analysis of Difficult Petrochemical Samples

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

Determining the water content of lubricants, hydraulic oils and other petrochemical samples can be challenging due to poor solubility, high viscosity and interfering reactions with Karl Fischer reagents. To address these challenges, ASTM has revised standard method D6304 to include the Karl Fischer oven technique. This auxiliary technique enables users to conveniently determine the water content of difficult samples by coulometric Karl Fischer titration using a gas extraction technique. ASTM has also addressed Karl Fischer analysis of very volatile samples with the new D7795 method.  This method describes how to accurately determine water content in liquefied and permanent gases Attend this talk to learn how to implement these methods and achieve reliable and accurate moisture analysis results for all types of petrochemical samples. 

Abstract # 244 - Training Course
10/13/2021 - 12:30 PM - 3:30 PM - Iris Room

Gas Chromatography Made Simple

Lee Polite - Axion Analytical Labs, Inc

Gas Chromatography (GC) is one of the world's most popular analytical tools, yet very few people understand how it works.  Analysts can push buttons, but most analysts are not quite sure why they are pushing the buttons.  During this short-course, we will unveil all of those mysteries and get you to understand how the underlying technology works.  The best kept secret is that GC is totally understandable.  By the end of this short course, not only will you understand how GC works, but you will very comfortable developing a GC method from scratch, including choosing the correct column length, diameter, film thickness, stationary phase, flow rate, inlet, detector, etc.

Abstract # 245 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 1:50 PM - 2:10 PM - Daffodil Room

Determination of Organic Chloride in Crude Oil by Gas Chromatography (GC) Using Halide Specific Detector (XSD).

Chris Goss - InnotechAlberta
Leeman. Bennington - PerkinElmer
Lee Marotta - PerkinElmer

  Organic chloride contamination in crude oil can cause corrosive hydrochloric formation.   The source of the organic chloride can be from chlorinated solvents and additives used in crude oil production, transportation, and storage tanks.  Chemicals used in enhanced oil recovery processes can also contain or form organic chlorides.  Current quantitation of organic involves distillation of a naphtha cut, followed by a washing of the sample to remove hydrogen sulfide and salts and then analysis. Using a GC with XSD detector will eliminate the need for distillation and sample washing.  Reducing labor, sample handling and the chance of false positive by olefin production (subsequent reaction) during distillation. 

Abstract # 248 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:55 AM - 9:15 AM - Iris Room

Simple Fuel and Oil Analysis with a Small Footprint and Optimal Performance

Alicia Stell - CEM Corporation
Michael Collins - Lucidity
Daniel Iversen - Lucidity

Many items in the modern world rely on oil-based products, such as gasoline, and diesel fuel.  These hydrocarbon-based products are ubiquitous, and in order to make sure that they are of the best quality, routine analysis must be done.  Thus, there is a need for efficient routine testing.  The Lucidity miniGC is a small footprint GC-FID that yields repeatable alkane testing in an easy to use platform. The separation of C7- C40 was achieved for both low and high-volume injections with pre-programmed methods.  The miniGC is a perfect fit for the modern lab. 

Abstract # 249 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:50 AM - 10:20 AM - Vine 2 - Hotel

Predicting Gasoline Particulate Emissions – A Perspective on Measurement Technologies including GC-VUV

Dan Wispinski - VUV Analytics
Alex Hodgeson - VUV Analytics

The direct link between gasoline composition and tailpipe particulate emissions is well established by calculation tools such as particulate matter index (PMI) and particulate evaluation index (PEI).  The auto industry and climate scientists utilize these indices because they can differentiate fuels with particulate producing propensities.  A particulate index must reliably and reproducibly produce accurate compositional data especially for aromatics and diaromatics as well as other compounds including oxygenates.  Various measurement techniques are described in a recent SAE paper Citation: Chapman, E., Salyers, J.T., Wispinski, D., Scussel, M. et al., “Comparison of the Particulate Matter Index and ParticulateEvaluation Index Numbers Calculated by Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis by Gas Chromatography (Enhanced ASTM D6730) andVacuum Ultraviolet Paraffin, Isoparaffin, Olefin, Naphthene, and Aromatic Analysis (ASTM D8071),” SAE Technical Paper 2021-01-5070,2021, doi:10.4271/2021-01-5070. 

These techniques include the unique benefits of the gas chromatography/vacuum ultraviolet detection.  VUV spectroscopy is versatile and especially well-suited to aromatic and diaromatic analysis – the compounds that contribute the most to particulates.  Standardized GC-VUV test methods, such as ASTM D8071, are already available to apply to a particulate index calculation.  The precision (repeatability and reproducibility) of ASTM D8071 will be compared to detailed high-resolution gas chromatography (ASTM D6730) as well as common EPA regulatory methods including ASTM D1319, ASTM D5599, ASTM D5769 and ASTM D6550. 

Broad acceptance of predictive particulate indices will depend on ease of use and universal adoption of a standardized technique.

Abstract # 250 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:50 AM - 9:20 AM - Vine 2 - Hotel

ASTM D8368 a Simple, Comprehensive, Reliable and Precise Method for the Analysis of Saturate, Aromatic, Polyaromatic, and FAME content in Conventional, Renewable, and Synthetic Diesel Fuels using GC-VUV

Dan Wispinski - VUV Analytics

Traditionally laboratories interested in analyzing and reporting the saturate, aromatic, polyaromatic (diaromatic and tri+ aromatic), and FAME content across conventional, renewable, and synthetic diesel fuels would need to use multiple time-consuming and complex analytical techniques and methods. With the introduction of ASTM D8368 running on the VUV Analyzer™ for Fuels laboratories can now analyze low total aromatic middle distillate streams such as HVO’s and B1 to B20 biodiesel blends from numerous feedstocks as well as high aromatic products such as light cycle oils or specialty solvents using GC-VUV and a single method.

Abstract # 251 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:40 AM - 9:10 AM - Vine 2 - Hotel

Analysis of Recycled Plastics using the VUV Analyzer™ for Alternative Feedstocks

Alex Hodgson - VUV Analytics

Plastic waste is recognized as a significant environmental challenge as well as an opportunity. Many organizations are actively involved in recycling plastic waste and by using pyrolysis technologies converting it into usable petrochemical feedstocks. The output of this process is challenging to analyze with traditional analytical approaches used for traditional hydrocarbon streams. This presentation will preview a new automated application using Gas Chromatography (GC)-Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectrometry (VUV) that provides accurate identification and PIONA-type quantification of pyrolysis oils over a broad carbon number range.

Abstract # 252 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Vine 2 - Hotel

Verified Hydrocarbon Analysis: A Fast, Accurate, and Automated Alternative to Traditional Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis (DHA)

Alex Hodgson - VUV Analytics

Characterization of hydrocarbon streams, including speciation and quantitation, has traditionally been accomplished using Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis, or DHA, by GC-FID. Requiring long run times, very good chromatographic separation, and significant manual review of data, traditional DHA has changed little since it was first introduced over 40 years ago. Verified Hydrocarbon Analysis™ is a modern approach to traditional DHA using Gas Chromatography (GC)- Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (VUV) and spectral validation to characterize complex hydrocarbon streams – accurately, without the need for human intervention, and in a fraction of the time of traditional DHA. This presentation will describe the technology and method required to successfully implement VHA.

Abstract # 253 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:30 AM - 8:55 AM - Iris Room

Fenceline Air Monitoring Via Optical Remote Sensing

Brian Cochran - Spectrum Environmental Solutions

Environmental Justice (EJ) is a key EPA enforcement priority, and EPA has announced plans to increase the use of supplemental environmental projects (SEPs) like fenceline air monitoring.  However, fenceline monitoring programs can vary widely in terms of scope and complexity.  Recent rules in California and Colorado have called for the use of optical remote sensing technology to conduct fenceline air monitoring at refineries and bulk terminals.  An overview of optical remote sensing technologies like FTIR and UVDOAS will be provided, and key elements that go into the successful planning, implementation, and execution of fenceline air monitoring programs will be discussed.

Abstract # 254 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:55 AM - 9:25 AM - Iris Room

Fenceline, Air, and Flare Gas Monitoring: Environmental Applications for Real-time Mass Spectrometer Gas Analyzers

Chuck DeCarlo - Extrel
Monique Murphy - Extrel

Recent updates to 40 CFR 60 and 63 have increased EPA regulation of flare gas and fenceline monitoring requirements, prompting the need to adopt real-time gas analysis solutions at many sites, ranging from oil refineries to downstream hydrocarbon manufacturing. Industrial mass spectrometers provide fast, continuous updates of the necessary compliance parameters as well as additional information for overall process safety and control. This discussion will include examples and data from fenceline, flare gas, fuel gas and air monitoring environmental applications using a real-time, mass spectrometer gas analyzer.

Abstract # 258 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:25 AM - 8:55 AM - Daffodil Room

A New Generation of High-Resolution GC-MS with Automated Integrated Data Analysis

John Dane - JEOL USA, Inc.

In this presentation, a new, completely redesigned high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometer for GC-MS analysis will be discussed.  More specifically, this new GC-MS system features increased resolving power (R > 30,000) and better mass accuracy (< 1ppm) while also offering a full complement of ionization techniques (Hard ionization: EI, Soft Ionization: CI, PI, FI). Additionally, the system is equipped with new data analysis software that uses high resolution MS in combination with EI and soft ionization methods to automatically identify analytes within complex mixtures.  For this presentation we will show the effectiveness of combining this new high-performance GC-MS with our new automated qualitative analysis software.

Abstract # 259 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 12:50 PM - 1:10 PM - Daffodil Room

The sticky stuff: all about viscosity

Irene Pena - Lummus

Viscosity measurements: a sticky situation Newtonian, non-Newtonian, tar, asphalt, and… melted Skittle wrappers? Viscosity and viscometers come in all kinds of flavors. This presentation will survey different viscosity measurements using different types of viscometers and highlight the challenges and solutions for these measurements.

Abstract # 260 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 8:30 AM - 9:00 AM - Floral Hall A2

Analysis of elemental impurities in challenging refinery samples using single and triple quadrupole ICP-MS

Mike Mourgas - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Sabrina Antonio - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Bhagyesh Surekar - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Daniel Kutscher - Thermo Fisher Scientific

This presentation highlights the development of a robust analytical method for the analysis of elemental impurities in petrochemical industry samples using single and triple quadrupole ICP-MS.

Though ICP-OES is commonly used for this purpose, ICP-MS offers several advantages such as improved detection limits and method specificity.  Hence, ICP-MS is an excellent choice for addressing current and future industry requirements.

This method enables the analysis of 26 elements in prepared crude oil, light naphtha, and heavy naphtha samples using a single method. Furthermore, this work demonstrates the capabilities of triple quadrupole ICP-MS for interference-free analysis of several key analytes.  

Abstract # 261 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 9:00 AM - 9:30 AM - Floral Hall A2

Robust Analysis of Crude Oil Using the Thermo Scientific iCAP PRO Series ICP-OES

Mike Mourgas - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Cui Jianfeng - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Matthew Cassap - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Sabrina Antonio - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) is widely used throughout industry for multi-element analysis due to its robustness, speed, dynamic range, and sensitivity. Of particular importance for the petrochemical industry is the robustness of the analytical set-up, while achieving accurate results, to analyze high matrix samples such as crude oils.

In this presentation, a robust method for the analysis of 23 elements in crude oil samples by ICP-OES in accordance with ASTM D5708/D7691 is described.  Accuracy was demonstrated by analyzing crude oil NIST SRM 1084a and robustness was assessed by the continuous analysis of oil samples over 5 hours.

Abstract # 262 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 12:35 PM - 1:05 PM - Floral Hall A2

How do isotope fingerprints support petrochemical investigations?

Christie Baldizar - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Mario Tuthorn - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Petrochemical materials carry a unique chemical signature known as the isotope fingerprint. To visualize this fingerprint, Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry is used. Application of isotope fingerprints in petrochemistry allows for differentiation of gas sources, migration, reservoir characterization, but also assessment of maturation, biodegradation processes and the influence of exploration on environment. Here we present an overview of classical stable isotope petrochemical applications and associated analytical systems and more advanced applications involving high resolution isotope ratio analyses. Furthermore, we are introducing new software platform that is driving productivity and efficiency in laboratories running IRMS analysis – the Thermo Scientific Qtegra ISDS Software.

Abstract # 263 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:15 AM - 9:35 AM - Iris Room

Revolutionary Process GC with Temperature Programmable Ovens

John Wasson - Wasson-ECE Instrumentation

Wassson-ECE has brought lab gas chromatography applications to online process gas chromatography with our Eclipse process systems. This is achieved with our micro-convection ovens, which are capable of temperature programming, and revolutionary temperature and pressure controls. Combine that with a variety of sensitive detectors and you have lab-quality chromatography on-line.

 

 

Abstract # 264 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 9:25 AM - 9:55 AM - Iris Room

Applications of Machine Learning for Improvements in Reliability, Detection and Quantification Capabilities for Methane Leak Detection Systems

Andrew Schaub - Southwest Research Institute
Heath Spidle - Southwest Research Institute

Southwest Research Institute, through a partnership with the Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory have been developing the Smart Leak Detection-Methane (SLED/M) system for autonomous real-time methane leak detection. Application of machine learning techniques on midwave infrared optical gas imagery data resulted in improved reliability, detection and quantification capabilities relative to similar approaches. In the initial phase, real-time capable predictive models were developed for pipeline monitoring of remote or difficult-to-access sites. In the more recent phase of research, an optical gas imager was augmented with the capability to quantify flow-rate from a safe distance and evaluated for field conditions.

Abstract # 265 - User Group
10/12/2021 - 9:00 AM - 2:00 PM - Floral Hall A1

Hands on experience with the Agilent 8890

Jamie Wetuski - Agilent Technologies

Following our introductory presentation at 8 am (Abstract #272), join us for small group demonstrations. Sign-up is required to attend. Please register through this link or the day of the event.

User groups will be in 30 minute sessions. Times below.
9:00 am, 9:30 am, 12:30 pm, 1:00 pm, 1:30 pm

Abstract # 266 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:00 AM - 8:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

A new test method that streamlines Elemental Analyses in Crude and Fuel Oil

Patrick Simmons - Agilent Technologies
Daniel Oppedisano - Agilent Technologies

For more than 40 years, Agilent has played a leadership role in ASTM International, the standards body for the energy and chemical industries. ASTM D8322 is a new test method for elemental analyses in crude and fuel oil, streamlining the determination of iron, nickel, vanadium, sulfur, calcium, sodium, potassium, aluminum, silicon, and zinc into one test method. D8322 synchronizes the crude and fuel oil analysis requirements using microwave plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (MP-AES). The MP-AES is proven, productive, and cost-effective, providing a safer one instrument analysis for all needed elements in crude and fuel oils. In addition, it operates without flammable gases and can be used without an ongoing gas supply. Key Learning:

• Discover how to streamline your elemental crude oil and residual fuel analysis using one simple technique

• Find out how you can reduce your sample preparation requirements

• See how you can improve safety by removing flames and flammable gases out of your petrochemical lab

• Learn you can reduce costs when measuring Fe, Ni, V, S, Al, Ca, K, Na, Si, and Zn in a crude oils and residual fuels

Abstract # 267 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:30 AM - 9:15 AM - Floral Hall A1

Role of Elemental Analysis in the Petroleum Business and Recent Efforts Towards an ASTM Jet Fuel Method

Mark Kelinske - Agilent Technologies
Jenny Nelson - Agilent Technologies

The measurement of trace metals in petroleum feeds and its derivatives provides vital information required for running sustainable and daily petroleum operations around the world. Spectrochemistry techniques such as Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES), Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and more recently, Microwave Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (MP-AES) are used as primary detection methods in different petroleum facilities due to their ability to perform multielement analyses, covering a broad range of concentrations as well as being robust and reliable. While ICP-OES is considered the workhorse technique in many petroleum labs, ICP-MS is becoming more integrated into petroleum laboratories due to its maturity and versatility. Coupling separation techniques with ICP-MS, such as GC and LC, has found its home in many Petroleum labs, with many different exciting applications. We will cover the metal distribution in petroleum fractions along the boiling point for distillable fractions by using High-Temperature Gas Chromatography Coupled with ICP-MS (HT-GC-ICP-MS). This talk will also cover our efforts towards developing an ASTM Jet Fuel method. Many interesting elements that aren’t commonly requested, including Platinum (Pt) and Pallidum (Pd), in Petroleum methods, will be discussed with this new ICP-MS method. MP-AES is also starting to call the attention of different petroleum labs as a possible alternative to ICP-OES due to its ability to be independent of using argon as the sustained plasma gas. We will update you on all the ASTM efforts concerning MP-AES.

Abstract # 268 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Floral Hall A1

Uncompromised High Throughput Elemental Analysis in Oil Samples using the Agilent 5800 ICP-OES and CETAC Oils 7400 Homogenizing Autosampler

Patrick Simmons - Agilent Technologies
Paul Krampitz - Agilent Technologies

The determination of elements in used and unused lubricating oils and base oils and rapid screening of used oils for wear-metals such as Fe, Cu, and Al is a common approach to monitoring wear in engine, gearbox, and other components.

The trace metals that enter these lubricating oils as mechanical wear from moving parts are likely to be present in the oil as metallic particles rather than dissolved in the oil; thus, it can be essential to homogenize each sample before analysis to ensure representative data.

This talk will discuss high throughput analysis of used lubricating oils using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) and an Autosampler that homogenizes samples immediately before analysis, resulting in improved throughput and results.

Abstract # 269 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 9:45 AM - 10:15 AM - Floral Hall A1

GPC analysis in Open Lab CDS Software

Sue D'Antonio - Agilent Technologies

In this talk, the new GPC workflow and features will be highlighted. Such topics as calibration, slices and reporting will be discussed. The polystyrene calibration curve will be created and real work samples analyzed. 

Abstract # 270 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 1:45 PM - 2:30 PM - Floral Hall A1

Profiling Nonionic Surfactants by Using Comprehensive Two-Dimensional LC with MS Detection in Open Lab controlled IQ

Sue D'Antonio - Agilent Technologies

In this talk, we will show characterization of ethoxylation in non ionic surfactants. In the first dimension the separation is by degree of ethoxylation, while in the second dimension by the separation occurs by the length of the hydrophobic tail. This makes identification and quantitation possible in a single run. Using Agilent 2D LC Open Lab software coupled with the iQ LC we have both quantitative and Qualitative data. We can show ppb levels of quantitative detection with library matching in a walk up environment that a plant qc technician can use.

Abstract # 271 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 1:00 PM - 1:45 PM - Floral Hall A1

Explore & Optimize your Chromatography with OpenLab CDS!

Tom Short - Agilent Technologies
Kathleen O'Dea - Agilent Technologies

The current release of OpenLab CDS adds a variety of features designed to streamline method development and data review. 

•  Spend less time developing methods and more time running them! 

•  New data views provide more information from peak detail to large data sets

•  Fast identification of out of spec results – even for new chromatographers

Abstract # 272 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 8:00 AM - 9:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

Improve your Lab Efficiency with Agilent GC intelligence

Jamie Wetuski - Agilent Technologies

Learn more about Agilent GC’s on board intelligence and how it can keep your lab on track. Scheduled and self-guided maintenance offers step-by-step instructions on common maintenance procedures such as changing the septa or gold seal. New Self Aware GC features allow for on board diagnostics and troubleshooting. Come find out how can the 8890 can improve your lab’s workflow.

Abstract # 273 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:15 AM - 8:45 AM - Orchid Room

How the Evolution of Electric Drives is Changing Copper Corrosion and Deposit Testing

Greg Miiler - The Savant Group
Greg Hunt - The Lubrizol Corporation

Increasing use of electrified drivetrains enables automotive manufacturers to significantly reduce carbon emissions.  If the electric motor and its corresponding electronics are in contact with lubricant or its vapor, this raises new concerns regarding copper corrosion and the potential formation of conductive deposits.  Unlike conventional vehicles where copper and copper alloys are in the form of mechanical parts, copper is now also present in the form of electric motor windings and electronic connectors.  Corrosion of the motor windings, sensors and other electronics can lead to immediate and severe problems with vehicle operation.  Hence, a detailed understanding of the interaction of the lubricant with the copper components and wiring is critical. In this presentation we will first review the use of copper strip immersion tests as a tool to evaluate lubricant performance and describe their shortcomings to access lubricant suitability for electrified drivetrains.  We will describe two new methodologies, the Wire Corrosion Test (WCT) and the Conductive Deposit Test (CDT), that together provide a predictive assessment of the corrosion and deposit risk in electrified systems.  Various versions of these test methods are already in use within the automotive industry, but these tests are not standardized or widely available.  We discuss our collaborative efforts to standardize these test methods and make them widely available.

Abstract # 274 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 2:55 PM - 3:35 PM - Daffodil Room

Laboratory Organization and Optimization (Help, my employees keep resigning!)

Jeanne Mensingh - Labtopia

Laboratory organization in captured (plant, utilities) and commercial laboratories has changed over the last few years.  Many laboratories are struggling to retain employees and improve morale.  The new employee has changed in experience, goals, and loyalty.  As employees change, many long-established laboratories struggle to keep them engaged and willing to stay.  If, as a laboratory manager, you are providing training and investing time in new employees only to have them leave for greener pastures, this presentation is for you.  There is hope for retention and longevity of the laboratory workforce.  We will cover job descriptions, salary, promotions, training, and more.  Attendees will learn how to strengthen and retain the existing and new workforce in the laboratory. 

Abstract # 275 - Paper
10/13/2021 - 8:45 AM - 9:45 AM - Hibiscus Room

How to Save Cash in Refineries by using Online TOC Analyzers

Raul Tovar - Process Insights
Benjamin Mattejiet - Process Insights

The ‘quality’ of steam and hot water used in refineries is a major concern to users.  Processing is very expensive, and contamination may lead to corrosion in pipes, boilers, and heat exchangers, allowing hydrocarbon leaks into the return condensate.  The water purity should be continuously monitored to avoid damage.  An on-line TOC (Total Organic Carbon) analyzer is the desired technology and is superior to an oil-in-water analyzer in that it captures all organics, not just those belonging to oil groups.

Abstract # 277 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Salon H - Hotel

Accurate and Reliable Karl Fischer Analysis of Difficult Petrochemical Samples

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

Determining the water content of lubricants, hydraulic oils and other petrochemical samples can be challenging due to poor solubility, high viscosity and interfering reactions with Karl Fischer reagents. To address these challenges, ASTM has revised standard method D6304 to include the Karl Fischer oven technique. This auxiliary technique enables users to conveniently determine the water content of difficult samples by coulometric Karl Fischer titration using a gas extraction technique. ASTM has also addressed Karl Fischer analysis of very volatile samples with the new D7795 method.  This method describes how to accurately determine water content in liquefied and permanent gases Attend this talk to learn how to implement these methods and achieve reliable and accurate moisture analysis results for all types of petrochemical samples.

Abstract # 278 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 12:30 PM - 1:00 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Choosing a Spectrometer for Chemical, Petrochemical, or Polymer Analysis

Adam Hopkins - Metrohm USA

 Vibrational spectroscopy can identify materials, measure concentrations, and determine physical parameters rapidly, reproducibly, and without sample preparation. This is because the technology identifies molecules by their unique fingerprints. This capability makes a spectrometer an invaluable tool in the laboratory or in production. However, in many cases, the wrong spectrometer is applied to a problem, resulting in lost time, wasted effort, and disillusionment with the technology. The three most common types of vibrational spectrometers on the market are near-infrared (NIR), mid-infrared (MIR), and Raman spectrometers. Each of these technologies has unique strengths and is best-suited to addressing different problems NIR spectroscopy has a reputation for being very-powerful, but difficult to implement. MIR spectrometers are ubiquitous in the lab, where they are most-commonly FTIR instruments, but have limited sampling capabilities. Raman is a newer technology with great promise, but is often considered too costly to implement. In this session, we explore these instruments to develop “rules of thumb” that you can use to determine what type of spectrometer you should use for different types of problems, and then demonstrate the simplicity of turnkey solutions. 

Abstract # 279 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 1:00 PM - 1:30 PM - Salon H - Hotel

New ProfilerF Solids Total Fluorine Analyzer for Measuring Polymer Processing Additives (PPA)

Jay Sheffer - Metrohm USA

Polymer Processing Additives (PPA) are fluoropolymer compounds that are commonly used in plastics manufacturing to improve the quality of extruded products such as films, pipes, cables, and fibers. Adding the right concentration of PPA is important so that process efficiency and throughput is optimized without the unnecessary expense or waste of adding too much of the costly additive. Combustion ion chromatography (CIC), which measures total fluorine in solid samples, has previously been employed for this analysis.. In this paper, a new dedicated fluorine analyzer technology, which features many improvements over traditional CIC, is presented for measuring PPA additives in polymers.

Abstract # 280 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM - Salon H - Hotel

From Lab to Process: Thermometric TAN by ASTM D8045

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA
Kraig Kmiotek - Metrohm USA

ASTM Standard D8045 offers a more precise, efficient and cost-effective method for laboratory automation of Total Acid Number in crude oils. Through eight years of development work with ASTM and thousands of sample measurements, this standard has shown to be rugged, robust and repeatable across many labs and technicians. By overcoming the solubility and precision challenges encountered with traditional potentiometric measurements, it is now possible to take these critical TAN measurements to the process using online analyzers. This talk will provide an overview of ASTM D8045 and demonstrate how it can be implemented in your lab and your process.

Abstract # 282 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Corrosion Monitoring with Online Process Analytical Technology

Kraig Kmiotek - Metrohm USA

If water is a part of your manufacturing process, your plant infrastructure is at risk from corrosion. Despite this risk, many companies are unaware of the damaging impact corrosion has on plant infrastructure, production, and profitability. To gauge the threat from corrosion, most industries rely on measuring a single parameter, such as pH. However, this approach does not provide sufficient data to predict corrosion events. Join this talk to learn how multiparameter, online process analyzers continuously monitor for corrosive ions and corrosion inhibitors, providing an accurate corrosion profile and dramatically decreasing your risk.  

Abstract # 283 - Seminar
10/13/2021 - 2:30 PM - 3:00 PM - Salon H - Hotel

Monitoring Amines in Crude Oil Transport and Refinery Processes

Jay Sheffer - Metrohm USA

Monitoring corrosion is key to maintaining successful long term operation of oil pipelines and refineries. Amines are routinely added to neutralize hydrogen sulfide vapor for transport of crude to the refinery and are typically used to strip hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, and other acidic gases in the refining process. However, too much amine present in the wrong location can actually increase corrosion rates. Therefore, it is in the industry’s best interest to monitor these corrosion sources and work is underway at ASTM to develop a standard practice for extraction of water-soluble amines in crude oil. This talk addresses the impact of amines on crude refinement and the versatility of ion chromatography to monitor these species.

Abstract # 284 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 2:00 PM - 2:20 PM - Vine 2 - Hotel

VUV LUMA™ - Overview of a new Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorbance Detector

Peter Boler - VUV Analytics
Sean Jameson - VUV Analytics

Choosing the right detector for your GC application often involves making tradeoffs between sensitivity, the ability to analyze a broad range of compounds (universal detection), selectivity, and ease-of-use. Detectors like the FID are recognize as being sensitive to most organic compounds and easy-to-use. However it is not universal and it does not provide selectivity. TCD detectors by contrast are considered universal and are also easy to use but are not as sensitive as other detectors. MS detectors are extremely sensitive and selective but are considered easy-to-use for routine analysis.  

This talk provides an overview of a new multi-channel vacuum ultraviolet absorbance detector, LUMA™, that is sensitive to very low levels, universal in that nearly every compound absorbs, provides selectivity, is easy-to-use, and flexible with a low cost-of-ownership.

Abstract # 285 - Paper
10/12/2021 - 2:20 PM - 2:40 PM - Vine 2 - Hotel

Petrochemical Impurity Analysis using VUV LUMA™

Sean Jameson - VUV Analytics
Peter Boler - VUV Analytics
Ryan Schonert - VUV Analytics

Detecting impurities is essential in producing high quality and safe petrochemical products. Impurities can be introduced through the supply chain in raw materials or as part of the production process. Regardless of their source the presence of these impurities can have a negative impact on operational efficiency and productivity as well as the quality of the final product. Because of this it is important to be able to identify these impurities and have the ability to measure them at low levels.

This talk will focus on the analysis of common impurities observed in the petrochemical industry using  a new multi-channel vacuum ultraviolet absorbance detector called LUMA™.

Abstract # 286 - Seminar
10/12/2021 - 8:55 AM - 9:25 AM - Floral Hall A2

Faster, Safer and Easier Wet chemical Analysis

Doug Tate - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Many approved standard methods for analyzing industrial process water and  wastewater, use laborious and time consuming  methods that exposes operators to hazardous wet chemicals.  This presentation will focus on the use of automated instrumentation to run some of the more common standard methods for industrial process water and waste water analysis.  The use of fully-automated sample management, reagent dispensing and approved photometric and electrochemical measurements lets the user shorten the time and effort to perform multiple required tests per sample.