2016 Oral Presentations

The following abstracts had been received and accepted for presentation at the 2016 Gulf Coast Conference.


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Abstract # 10 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Room 371 D

Reducing Mogas RVP Giveaway Via On-line Raman Spectroscopy:
A One Year Case Study

Lee Smith, Robert Benner, Giancarlo Aguirre
Process Instruments, Inc.

Unlike many other forms of spectroscopy, Raman scattering has repeatedly demonstrated an ability to accurately predict Mogas Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) over a wide range using a single chemometric model (i.e. 5 to 16 psi). We will show that breaking up a full range RVP model into multiple, smaller sub-section models that match seasonal blends, can greatly improve on-line RVP Standard Error of Prediction (SEP). Applying this hierarchical modeling approach to on-line Raman RVP measurements has allowed a large, Bay area Refinery to achieve a RVP SEP of 0.1 psi for their Summer blends (SEP x 2 = ASTM "R"). This reduction in RVP giveaway
yielded an annual savings of $6,000,000. Similar modeling improvements produced a $3,000,000 annual savings in reduced Octane giveaway.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #10


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Abstract # 11 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 5:00 AM - Room 380 B

Performance Statistics for Deployed Portable Fuel Analyzers

Wayne Smith, Carl Brouillette, Chetan Shende, Zachary Gladding, and Stuart Farquharson
Real-Time Analyzers, Inc.

The ability to rapidly determine fuel quality in the field is becoming increasingly important. This is especially true when fuel shipments change custody at depots, pipelines and ports. To meet this need, we have developed a cost effective, compact (7x13x16", 14.5 lb) fuel analyzer based on near-infrared spectroscopy that employs multivariate statistic models to determine 22 performance properties for diesel, gasoline, and jet fuels in 10 seconds, using only 2 mL of sample. These properties include aromatic, BTEX, ethanol, FSII, and MTBE content; anti-knock index, cetane and octane numbers (RON and MON); cloud, distillation, flash, freezing, and pour points; density (API gravity), net heat, Reid vapor pressure, and viscosity. During the past few years our fuel analyzers have been deployed all over the globe. Critical to their success is the ability to transfer the models from analyzer-to-analyzer so that the same property values are predicted for a given fuel sample. This presentation will describe the evaluation of several analyzer standardization methods used to transfer the multivariate property models. Statistics comparing property determinations for numerous analyzers will be given.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #11


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Abstract # 12 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 8:00 AM - 9:00 AM - Room 371 E

Material Characterization – Rheology for Polymer and Crude Oil Industries

Steve Watts
Thermo Fisher Scientific

The petrochemical and polymer industries utilize rheology to better understand their materials and how they behave under controlled conditions. This allows users to gain insight into their processes and solve real-world challenges. Relevant applications would include the determination of physical properties (viscoelasticity, molecular weights and distribution, transition temperatures, extensional viscosity), processability (degradation, curing) and flow under extreme conditions (high pressure and temperatures). Here, we will discuss several methods that employ rotational rheometers, extensional rheometers and torque rheometers to address these challenges.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #12


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Abstract # 13 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 9:15 AM - 10:15 AM - Room 371 E

Infrared Spectroscopy – FT-IR Theory, Sample Handling Techniques, Hands-on Training

Cam MacIsaac
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover the theory behind the Fourier transform Infrared technique. It will review what happens to molecules when they are exposed to the infrared. It will also cover an overview of how spectra are recorded by the FT technique. It will also cover the theory behind several common IR sampling techniques. In addition there will be live spectrometers to run customer routine/non toxic samples, time permitting.

Workshop - Abstract #13


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Abstract # 14 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 AM - Room 371 E

Omnic Software Tutorial for IR/Raman Spectroscopy

Dr. Ken Smith
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover Omnic software, the popular platform for running Thermo Fisher FT-IR, FT-NIR, and Raman spectrometers. A live software demonstration will be given to highlight features of Omnic, which will include collection of data from a working spectrometer.

Workshop - Abstract #14


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Abstract # 15 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 10:00 AM - Room 371 E

Extrusion techniques for Polymer and Crude Oil Industries

Steve Watts
Thermo Fisher Scientific

Small, lab-scale extrusion systems provide unique opportunities for material characterization and process development. Formulation studies and a comprehensive understanding of a material's processability can be realized and rapid process development for direct scale-up leads to improved efficiency due to increased time-to-results and reduced cost of materials. In addition, the creation of sample products, whether injection molded specimens (discs or bars) or final product simulation (sheets, blown film), provides additional analytical opportunities and insight to the material's properties. Depending on the requirements, various types of systems can be used including micro-compounders, bench-top extruders and torque rheometers, and these will be discussed here.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #15


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Abstract # 16 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Room 371 E

TQ and Macros – Quantitative software training and pre-programmed operation for FTIR

Cam MacIsaac
Thermo Fisher Scientific

A live demonstration of TQ software will be given illustrating FTIR, FT-NIR and Raman quantitative and qualitative methods. Suggestions will be given on how to diagnose chemometric methods to ensure they accurately predict. Some pitfalls will be covered to avoid improperly modeled methods. In addition, an overview of Macros/Basic automated workflow software will be given. This software is designed to build pre-program quantitative predictions. The Macros language can also automate many other software functions, like basic kinetic routines.

Workshop - Abstract #16


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Abstract # 17 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 3:15 PM - 4:15 PM - Room 371 E

FT-IR Spectral Interpretation and Problem Solving

Dr. Ken Smith
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This talk will give an overview of FT-IR interpretation by focusing on several common functional groups. It will cover major hydrocarbons including aliphatic, olefinic and aromatic groups. Additionally, it will discuss carbonyl groups like esters, ketones and carboxylic acids. It is designed to give an understanding of commonly seen infrared bands and to help better understand infrared data.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #17


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Abstract # 18 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 4:15 PM - 1:15 PM - Room 371 E

Microspectroscopic Sampling – FT-IR and Raman Microscopy

Steve McQueen
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will highlight the advantages of using Infrared and Raman microscopy techniques in the analysis of micro-scale materials. The presentation will illustrate various applications of both microscopy techniques and the advantages of each based on the type of materials being analyzed.

Workshop - Abstract #18


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Abstract # 19 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 8:00 AM - 9:00 AM - Room 371 E

Material Characterization – Rheology for Polymer and Crude Oil Industries

Steve Watts
Thermo Fisher Scientific

The petrochemical and polymer industries utilize rheology to better understand their materials and how they behave under controlled conditions. This allows users to gain insight into their processes and solve real-world challenges. Relevant applications would include the determination of physical properties (viscoelasticity, molecular weights and distribution, transition temperatures, extensional viscosity), processability (degradation, curing) and flow under extreme conditions (high pressure and temperatures). Here, we will discuss several methods that employ rotational rheometers, extensional rheometers and torque rheometers to address these challenges.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #19


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Abstract # 20 - Workshop
10/12/2016 - 9:15 AM - 10:15 AM - Room 371 E

Infrared Spectroscopy – FT-IR Theory, Sample Handling Techniques, Hands-on Training

Cam MacIsaac
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover the theory behind the Fourier transform Infrared technique. It will review what happens to molecules when they are exposed to the infrared. It will also cover an overview of how spectra are recorded by the FT technique. It will also cover the theory behind several common IR sampling techniques. In addition there will be live spectrometers to run customer routine/non toxic samples, time permitting.

Workshop - Abstract #20


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Abstract # 21 - Workshop
10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 AM - Room 371 E

Omnic Software Tutorial for IR/Raman Spectroscopy

Dr. Ken Smith
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover Omnic software, the popular platform for running Thermo Fisher FT-IR, FT-NIR, and Raman spectrometers. A live software demonstration will be given to highlight features of Omnic, which will include collection of data from a working spectrometer.

Workshop - Abstract #21


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Abstract # 22 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 10:00 AM - Room 371 E

Extrusion techniques for Polymer and Crude Oil Industries

Steve Watts
Thermo Fisher Scientific

Small, lab-scale extrusion systems provide unique opportunities for material characterization and process development. Formulation studies and a comprehensive understanding of a material's processability can be realized and rapid process development for direct scale-up leads to improved efficiency due to increased time-to-results and reduced cost of materials. In addition, the creation of sample products, whether injection molded specimens (discs or bars) or final product simulation (sheets, blown film), provides additional analytical opportunities and insight to the material's properties. Depending on the requirements, various types of systems can be used including micro-compounders, bench-top extruders and torque rheometers, and these will be discussed here.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #22


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Abstract # 23 - Workshop
10/12/2016 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Room 371 E

TQ and Macros – Quantitative software training and pre-programmed operation for FTIR

Cam MacIsaac
Thermo Fisher Scientific

A live demonstration of TQ software will be given illustrating FTIR, FT-NIR and Raman quantitative and qualitative methods. Suggestions will be given on how to diagnose chemometric methods to ensure they accurately predict. Some pitfalls will be covered to avoid improperly modeled methods. In addition, an overview of Macros/Basic automated workflow software will be given. This software is designed to build pre-program quantitative predictions. The Macros language can also automate many other software functions, like basic kinetic routines.

Workshop - Abstract #23


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Abstract # 24 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 3:15 PM - 4:15 PM - Room 371 E

FT-IR Spectral Interpretation and Problem Solving

Dr. Ken Smith
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This talk will give an overview of FT-IR interpretation by focusing on several common functional groups. It will cover major hydrocarbons including aliphatic, olefinic and aromatic groups. Additionally, it will discuss carbonyl groups like esters, ketones and carboxylic acids. It is designed to give an understanding of commonly seen infrared bands and to help better understand infrared data.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #24


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Abstract # 25 - Workshop
10/12/2016 - 4:15 PM - 1:15 PM - Room 371 E

Microspectroscopic Sampling – FT-IR and Raman Microscopy

Steve McQueen
Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will highlight the advantages of using Infrared and Raman microscopy techniques in the analysis of micro-scale materials. The presentation will illustrate various applications of both microscopy techniques and the advantages of each based on the type of materials being analyzed.

Workshop - Abstract #25


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Abstract # 26 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - 5:30 AM - Room 370 E

Silver ion HPLC separations of olefins/diolefins in thermally cracked oil samples

Dr. Nicole Heshka, Nathan Paisley
CanmetENERGY, Natural Resources Canada

During petroleum refining, the presence of olefins and diolefins in thermally cracked feedstocks can pose potential operational problems, as these compounds are believed to cause instability and process equipment fouling. For this reason, accurate and reliable methods are needed to separate and quantify both olefins and diolefins in oil samples. This presentation describes a new analytical method developed at CanmetENERGY that uses silver ion high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the analysis of olefins and diolefins. Separation and quantification results of both model compounds and actual samples will be presented, along with a comparison to other methods for olefin analysis.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #26


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Abstract # 27 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 11:00 AM - 7:00 AM - Room 370 E

The Sick Transic TDLAS Oxygen Transmitter

John Chitty, John Calame
Sick, Inc.

The Sick Transic 121 is a TDLAS Oxygen Transmitter that can be applied to a number of refining and petrochemical processes. The Transic is a percentage level Oxygen transmitter that can replace traditional technologies like Paramagnetic and electrochemical cells. Clean, dry instrument air can be used as validation gas thus eliminating the need for cylinder gas. Some of the applications the Transic is well-suited for are as follows: vent headers, tank or vessel inerting, etc. In summary the Transic O2 transmitter provides accurate O2 measurements to ensure safety and all at a low installed and low cost of ownership.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #27


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Abstract # 30 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 3:00 PM - 11:00 AM - Room 370 E

GC×GC with simultaneous mass spectrometry/flame ionisation detection for complete petrochemical analysis

Pete Grosshan, Matthew Edwards, Dave Wevill, Chris Hall and Nick Bukowski
Markes International

GC×GC offers significant advantages over conventional chromatography for petrochemical analyses, with its vastly expanded separation space and the added benefit of highly structured groupings of compounds.

This study explores the use of parallel detection GC×GC to enable both targeted and non-targeted approaches to be performed simultaneously - with TOF MS for confident identification and FID for robust quantitation.
We also demonstrate Tandem Ionisation for simultaneous acquisition of both hard and soft EI spectra. Soft EI is shown to provide speciation of isomers not possible using conventional 70 eV ionisation – thus unlocking the fine detail of the sample composition.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #30


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Abstract # 31 - Training Course
10/12/2016 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Room 371 D

Rapid Water Quality Testing in High Salinity Environments Using Spectrophotometry

Taylor Reynolds, Bruce Herzig, Gunter Decker
MilliporeSigma

Historically, high salinity content has created interferences with spectrophotometric analysis of water quality, often resulting in false high readings. MilliporeSigma has developed a portfolio of test kits suitable for water quality analysis in samples with salinity as high as 20%. These test kits are ideal for applications such as fracking, ocean rigs and any other process where salinity is disruptive to water quality analysis. The test can be run on-site with a minimum of ancillary equipment for rapid, reliable test results. This training course will discuss the chemistry behind these tests as well the parameters that can be tested.

Training Course - Abstract #31


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Abstract # 32 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:20 AM - 3:20 PM - Room 370 D

Analysis of Organics in Solution and Air with Magic Chemisorber (Solid Phase Extraction) and PY-GC/MS/NPD

Roger Tank, Business Development Manager; Itsuko Iwai, Research Scientist; Dave Randle, Technical Director; R.R. Freeman, Ph.D., R&D Scientist
Frontier Laboratories USA, Antioch, CA

Terry Ramus, Ph.D., Application Scientist
Diablo Analytical, Inc., Antioch, CA

Frontier Laboratories USA

Natural products commonly have subtle differences. The Beverage Industry may add supplements to enhance taste, extend shelf life, or modify aspects of the product. Frontier has developed a simple solid phase extraction technique to concentrate organic compounds from gaseous and liquid matrices. A chemically bonded PDMS layer on a titanium tube extracts the organic compounds. Tube is placed in deactivated stainless steel cup, desorbed in the pyrolyzer, and vapors Cryo-focused in a narrow band at the head of an analytical column. A chromatographic run commences utilizing both MS and the selectivity of the NPD simplifying detection for compounds of interest.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #32


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Abstract # 33 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:30 PM - 9:30 AM - Room 371 D

The Analysis of Regulated Phthalates in a Complex Matrix using Thermal Desorption-GC/MS

Itsuko Iwai, Research Scientist; Dave Randle, Technical Director; Robert Freeman, Ph.D., R&D Scientist;
Frontier Laboratories USA, Antioch, CA

Terry Ramus, Ph.D., Application Scientist
Diablo Analytical Inc., Antioch, CA

Frontier Laboratories USA

Phthalates have been used as additives in plastic for many years to make them more flexible. Several phthalates are regulated on a global scale and several analytical techniques can be used for phthalates analysis. Thermal desorption (TD)-GC/MS is one of the easiest and most accurate methods for phthalate analysis.

Recently manufactures have switched formulations to include unregulated phthalates. Generally, phthalates are identified using both retention time and MS spectra. However, some unregulated phthalates have similar retention times and MS spectra, compared to regulated phthalates. We discuss quantitative analysis of regulated phthalates in a sample with high concentrations of unregulated phthalate(s).

Paper Presentation - Abstract #33


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Abstract # 36 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM - Room 381 A

Visualize Your Process Streams in Real-time with direct Mass Spectrometry for Rapid Process Development

Terry L. Ramus, Ph.D.; Scott J. Hein, Ph.D.
Diablo Analytical, Inc., Antioch, CA

Diablo Analytical, Inc.

Reliable chemical and engineering information is critical for rapid process development. Often, the sensors are either simple or slow, and they provide limited information. The result can be nearly blind operation and slow development progress. The Diablo 5000A RTGA-MS allows the process stream to be seen in real-time and provides quantitative data with reliable mass information. The result can be a visualization of what is happening in the process.
The RTGA-MS, based on the proven Agilent platform, is designed to be robust and stable for engineering research and development environments. The system can be configured to measure masses from hydrogen to heavier vaporizable organic molecules. This system allows rapid process development due to the use of reliable information in real time. The capability to acquire quantitative mass information by MS is powerful and provides quick reliable knowledge about the process stream.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #36


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Abstract # 37 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 11:00 AM - Room 381 A

The Pyrolysis Workshop

Roger Tank, Business Development Manager; Itsuko Iwai, Research Scientist, Frontier Laboratories USA
Frontier Laboratories USA, Antioch, CA

Terry Ramus, Ph.D., Application Scientist
Diablo Analytical, Inc., Antioch, CA

Frontier Laboratories USA

Modern pyrolysis technology with GC-MS expands the range of samples amenable to gas phase techniques. The technology actually functions in many modes of use to allow detailed characterization of polymers, solid or viscous organic materials that otherwise could not be analyzed by GC. Present systems include easy to use sample introduction techniques for GC and GC/MS with full automation. Learn when to use Evolved Gas Analysis, Thermal Desorption, Heart-Cutting, or Pyrolysis; all with the same system. Potential, new and existing users of Frontier Labs' Multi-functional Pyrolyzer products are encouraged to attend. No prior experience needed.

Topics
-Materials characterization "method map": a formula for success.
-Applications: deformulation, polymers, additives, coatings, biomass, oil shale, quantitative methods.
-Data Review Tools: hands-on use of F-Search Software and MS Libraries.
-Maintenance and Discussion Sessions.

Workshop- Abstract #37


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Abstract # 38 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:50 PM - 7:50 PM - Room 371 D

Fast and extended refinery gas analysis with temperature programmable Micro GC

Shawn Wilson
INFICON

Gas chromatography (GC) is the preferred technique to analyze refinery gas. ASTM D1946 and UOP 539 provide comprehensive instrument setup and performance guidelines on traditional GC, which typically analyze fixed gases and C1 – C6+ hydrocarbons in 30 minutes. Micro GC instrumentation combines Microelectromechanical System (MEMS) technology with a modular GC platform to perform parallel analysis on refinery gas sample, significantly reducing analysis time to 3 minutes. Traditional Micro GC uses an Alumina column to elute C3-C5 olefins, and a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) column to elute n-hexane. Using a temperature profile on Micro GC Fusion, optimal separation occurs eluting C2's through n-heptane on an Alumina column. Similarly, heavier hydrocarbons such as BTEX and C7-C10 will elute on a temperature programmed PDMS column, extending the traditional analysis of refinery gas.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #38


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Abstract # 39 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Room 370 E

Increasing your refinery's yield by up to 2%

Fred J. Haberle III
Aspect AI

Integrated Analyzer/Control Technology at the refinery front-end can achieve product gains up to 2% per barrel. The current conventional analyzers operate at the refinery back-end process. Aspect's Petroleum Analyzer attains ROI in 3-6 months.
The worldwide refining industry has undergone a major transformation due to changes in regulatory and market forces. Refineries must be flexible enough to respond immediately to crude oil changes and deviations in product demands.
By employing the Aspect AI Petroleum Analyzer, full control of product quality can be achieved, bringing maximum profit at minimum cost. The entire process is monitored and analyzed in real-time: from the incoming crude oil to the final distillate products.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #39


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Abstract # 40 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:45 AM - 11:45 AM - Room 371 D

Fiber Optic FTIR analysis for Raw material ID, and kinetically monitoring reactions

Cam MacIsaac, ThermoFisher Scientific; Dr. Sue Berets, Harrick Scientific; James Delaney, Harrick Scientific; Dr. Mike Doyle, Axiom/Hellma Optics
ThermoFisher Scientific

Mid Infrared spectroscopy is a basic building block in analytical labs world-wide. Because of the rich chemical information and large IR databases, there has been a desire to use this technique remotely. This is accomplished very easily in neighboring techniques like Near IR and UV-Visible Spectroscopy. Low –OH, fused quartz fibers makes this task very simple with durable fibers that can stretch for meters. Unfortunately these fibers are not an option in the Mid IR because they block the electromagnetic waves of interst.
In the past materials used for MIR fiber optics like chalcogenide were very fragile and had low efficiency. Today there are additional materials like silver halides and optical conduits. This paper will review several current accessories for remote sampling by Mid IR plus kinetic data.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #40


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Abstract # 41 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM - Room 380 B

Determination of Iron corrosion in Petroleum Products by Digital Detection Imaging - Unbiased, fast, precise and accurate

Juan Ayala / Aaron Mendez Ph.D
Ayalytical Instruments Inc.

The determination of the corrosion of iron in the presence of water of lubricants, crude oils,intermediate streams and final products is a key factor in preserving equipment and installations along the operations of the oil industry. It is also a decisive step to effectively program preventive maintenance to reduce operational costs that are estimated in hundreds of billions of dollars worldwide.

The oil transportation of crudes by rail alone have to comply with tight regulations and constant monitoring of the corrosion of these materials. However, the industry faces a gigantic challenge:

Unambiguously determine the potential corrosiveness of hydrocarbon streams that systematically and negatively impact operations and degrade the environment. ASTM standards D665, D7548 and NACE TM-01- 72 estimate this potential by visual inspection of a specimen previously immersed in the product being tested. This method is highly biased and difficult to repeat and reproduce.

Ayalytical Instruments Inc., has developed an instrument based on digital detection imaging that eliminates the manual and visual assessment displaying accurately and automatically corrosion ratings in
seconds.

FeDDI possesses a proprietary design composed of a high resolution camera with a sophisticated optics and a visual algorithm that measures integrally the degree of the attack of the iron specimen as it automatically rotates 360° in the system.

The method starts by performing a calibration with a NIST Traceable stainless steel specimen and the recording under tight experimental conditions of the unfiltered raw image and filtered image where all
metallurgical occlusions and scratches have been removed. The algorithm records over 2 million sample points, determining also percentage of corrosion and specimen dimensions in seconds. Repeatability is
excellent for both filtered and raw images of the specimen covering a wide spectrum and the most important critical transitions.

Experimental Results just recently obtained show that FeDDI readings present degrees of corrosion that follow a tendency similar to the standard methods.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #41


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Abstract # 42 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 3:45 PM - 9:45 PM - Room 370 E

Benefits of On-site Hydrogen Generation for FID and GC Analyses

John Speranza
Proton OnSite

Labs with many FIDs seek gas sources that will provide a stable baseline for their analytical testing. An on-site hydrogen generator can safely and efficiently provide both FID and carrier gas, for gas chromatography applications. On-site hydrogen generators offer extended column life, while providing a ROI that is measured in weeks on average. Hydrogen is widely recognized as a safe, reliable and consistent gas source for laboratory analyses. Manufacturing hydrogen generators of varied scale, Proton OnSite's gas generation solutions meet projects of almost unlimited capacity (200- 18,000 cc/min +).

Paper Presentation - Abstract #42


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Abstract # 43 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 2:30 PM - 10:30 AM - Room 370 E

Inert Corrosion Resistant Coatings for the Petrochemical and Refining Industries

Gary Barone, Min Yuan, Luke Patterson
SilcoTek Corporation

Faced with growing demand to increase performance and lower costs, the petrochemical and refining industry is long overdue for new corrosion resistant coating technology that is more easily integrated into production. This paper will discuss silicon-based chemical vapor deposition (CVD) nanocoatings that, when applied to stainless steel and other alloys, cut maintenance costs by providing corrosion protection equivalent to exotic metals while also easing design, fabrication, and installation of coated parts.

By using a gas-phase CVD process, components with complex geometries or narrow passageways such as valves and filters can be thoroughly treated both internally and externally. The coating is molecularly bound to the base substrate, giving durability and flexibility without flaking, while the thin profile (approximately 1µm thickness) has no impact on design tolerances. The silicon based CVD coating's performance does not increase with thickness; rather, its advanced surface chemistry is extremely inert, greatly hindering corrosive interaction with the surface.

The silicon-based coatings are tailored to provide specific high performance properties that complement their corrosion resistance, including hydrophobicity, oxidation resistance above 1000° C, and coking/fouling resistance. The coatings' versatility make them ideal solutions throughout the refinery, not to mention exploration and upstream applications. Silicon-based CVD coatings on stainless steel are cost-effective alternatives to super alloys that offer a myriad of additional benefits for boosting refinery output while decreasing maintenance-related costs.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #43


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Abstract # 45 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 5:00 AM - Room 370 E

Fuel and Glycol contamination determination in in-service oils using ASTM Methods D7593 and D7922

David R. Hilligoss, Dr. Timothy Ruppel
PerkinElmer

Two very important contamination components that can lead to critical failures in in-service oils are fuel getting into the oil from the engine and glycol from the engine coolant. This presentation will discuss the techniques used to rapidly screen for these components and the two ASTM Methods D7593 and D7922 used to confirm the presence of these contaminates and their concentration levels.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #45


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Abstract # 46 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM - Room 370 E

iModel Automatic Modeling Infrastructure – a new approach to modeling

Dror Albo
Aspect AI

Modeling and model maintenance present a challenge. Skilled personnel is required for building models using 3rd party tools. Chemical plants and refineries are required to build advanced infrastructures in order to manage lab and analyzer measurements. Model maintenance is required whenever there is a change in the process / analyzer / sample.
The iModel solution offers algorithms for building models without human intervention. The software only solution can interface every analyzer, build models, and run the prediction and reporting. The only requirement from the user is to feed the system with lab data and the rest can be done automatically. Graphic reports show the quality of the predictions and advanced validation tools are integrated into the product.
The product does not require highly skilled operators and can be installed and configured in 30 minutes, providing accurate and robust measurements.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #46


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Abstract # 48 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:30 PM - 8:30 PM - Room 380 A

Focus on Sulphur compound analysis:
- Reliable low level Sulphur analysis using FPD and PFPD; a comparison.
- Analysing volatile Sulphur components at 0.5 ppb level.
- Safe analysis of Sulphur compounds in LPG using Sample Securitiser.
- Calibration of Sulphur analysers at low ppb level.

Wilco Agterhuis
Global Analyser Solutions (GAS) / Interscience

FPD and PFPD are widely used for analysing Sulphur components in several matrices at ppb/ppm level. They offer reliable and robust operation and low maintenance costs. A direct comparison between both detectors was made using the same GC system and calibration standards, to understand the specific application areas they can be used in.
GC Sulphur detectors normally offer low ppb sensitivity. When lower concentration levels are required, sample enrichment by thermal desorption offers enhanced sensitivity. A 19" compact analyser solution is shown, offering 0.5 ppb LOD for H2S, COS and MeSH.
For the analysis of Sulphur components in LPG using LSV (Liquid Sampling Valve), the needed high pressure is a safety issue in many laboratories. A safety assessment was organised, with design of the Sample Securitiser as a result, complying with ATEX and PED (Pressure Equipment Directive) for best laboratory safety.
Calibration of Sulphur analysers at low ppb level is challenging and crucial for achieving correct results. Low ppb calibration standards are difficult to obtain, and their storage life is limited. A gas dilution system was used to set up a multi-level calibration at low ppb level, using a single high level calibration standard.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #48


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Abstract # 49 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 380 A

Potentiometric Nonaqueous Titration and its Application to the Petrochemical Industry

Sean Bard, Ryan Martin
Hanna Instruments

Nonaqueous titrations common in petrochemical and industrial applications present unique challenges for potentiometric titration as compared to traditional aqueous methods. A summary of best practices including electrode selection and preparation, maintenance, solvents, and troubleshooting will be covered.

Seminar - Abstract #49


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Abstract # 50 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - 6:00 AM - Room 371 D

Spectroscopic Determination of Haze in Hydrocarbon and Bio Fuels

Ranzy Morgan
Choice Analytical Inc.

New dedicated Spectroscopic instrument for the Determination of Haze in Fuels. Haze is an important specification for determining workmanship and fit for use of transportation fuels. Off test Haze results are a frequent Cause of Pipeline transfer disruption and quality issues. The current ASTM D 4176 procedure 2 is a visual manual method that is subject to many difficulties in determining consistent haze ratings between different operators and locations. The new Color Choice HZ automates and improves the constancy of this important test.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #50


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Abstract # 55 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM - Room 370 E

Owlstone's Lonestar Analyzer Brings the Power of the Lab to the Field – Online or Offline Real-time Detection of VOCs in Liquids (Crude Oil, Water) and Natural Gas Matrices.

Steven Freshman, Global GM, Owlstone
Owlstone Inc.

Owlstone‘s portable Lonestar analyzer is able to quantify trace concentrations of VOCs in liquid (crude oil, water) and gas samples in real-time right at the point of need in the field. With no sample prep involved, non-technical operators simply present a small sample to the analyzer and push a button to start the offline analysis. They system can also be set up to provide online, continuous monitoring of VOCs. The same Lonestar analyzer can be programmed for an unlimited number of VOC detection applications including the identification and quantification of methanol, amines, H2S scavenger/triazine, sulfur compounds, glycols, deodorizing compounds and an array of other VOCs...to name just a few.

At the heart of the technical platform behind the Lonestar is a dime-sized, FAIMS (field asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry) silicon chip spectrometer. FAIMS is a detection technology that separates and identifies chemical ions of interest based on their mobility under a varying electric field at atmospheric pressure.

Seminar - Abstract #55


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Abstract # 58 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM - Room 370 E

Fouling Behavior: Rapid and Flexible Prediction Using Bench-top Hot Liquid Process Simulators (HLPS)

Blake Branson
Alcor Petrolab

Understanding the fouling behavior of crude oils and intermediates in various stages of the refining process is critical to maximizing efficiency. The Hot Liquid Process Simulator (HLPS) is a testing technique that has been established for decades yet remains under-utilized within the industry. HLPS testing has proven helpful in evaluating how key process parameters such as materials, temperatures, fluid blends, and additives affect the fouling or coking behavior of fluids. In this presentation, we will provide an overview of the test equipment and procedures as well as provide examples of how test data informs decisions to adjust process parameters to minimize the impact of fouling.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #58


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Abstract # 61 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:30 PM - 7:30 PM - Room 371 D

The Analysis of 23 Trace Elements in Petroleum Products By ICP-MS.

Anthony Palermo
PerkinElmer

The analysis of trace metals in petroleum products by ICP-MS can be challenging however, it is not difficult with the correct hardware. In this presentation the analysis of 23 elements in 3 different petroleum products will be discussed, the goal of which is to simplify this methodology. Everything from the materials, preparation of standards and samples, to the preferred interference removal techniques will be covered.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #61


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Abstract # 62 - Workshop
10/12/2016 - 1:30 PM - 2:30 PM - Room 380 A

Best Practices for Measuring Sulfur in Gasoline to Meet PBMS and SQC Tier 3 Requirements Using Monochromatic WDXRF

Michael Palmer, Vice President - Sales
Kyle Kuwitzky, Product Manager
Leslie Johnson, Applications Engineer
Stuart Shakshober, Sr. Applications Engineer
Shaun Spiro, Key Account Manager
Dr. Zewu Chen, Director - Advanced Technology Development
Dr. Zewu Chen

XOS

This presentation will demonstrate best practices for measuring sulfur in gasoline to new Tier 3 requirements when using monochromatic wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence (MWDXRF) techniques. Following these simple practices will ensure that laboratories will obtain the best quality data for meeting facility performance based measurement system and statistical quality control requirements.

Workshop - Abstract #62


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Abstract # 63 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:30 PM - 7:30 PM - Room 370 D

Using Microfluidic Wafer Technology to Simplify the Determination of Trace Levels of Light Oxygenated Compounds in Petroleum Streams by Gas Chromatography

Mamdouh Farag, Leeman Bennington and Lee Marotta
PerkinElmer Inc

Hydrocarbons streams contaminated with unapproved oxygenated compounds can negatively affect the environment. Feed stocks of butenes, propylene, and naphtha contaminated with oxygenated compounds decrease catalyst activity in downstream polymerization and olefinic cracking processes. The ability to detect precise sub-ppm amounts of MTBE, methanol, acetaldehyde and other C1-C5 oxygenated hydrocarbons in gasoline or in other petrochemicals is a very complex problem. A simple separation with a single column cannot be used because of peak co-elution. To address these limitations, more robust analytical methods must be employed. A gas chromatograph equipped with a capillary split/splitless injector, FID, a precolumn, a SwaferTM microfluidic switching device, and a high selectivity column was used to enable these oxygenates to be monitored to sub-ppm levels. Results demonstrated include the standard methods such as ASTM D7423-09, and UOP960-06, and the advantages of the SwaferTM micro-flow technology over traditional valving or Dean Switches will be presented and discussed.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #63


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Abstract # 64 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 2:00 PM - 8:00 PM - Room 370 D

Lab Automation: Taking Your Lab to the Next Level

Walter McNeil
Baytek International

Getting the most ROI and efficiency out of your laboratory data systems is essential in lowering costs and ensuring safe product makes it out the doors. With most companies already invested in LIMS and Chromatography Data Systems, the next item on the list should be instrument automation. This presentation will focus on the advantages of automation with a focus on Quality of Data, Productivity, Safety and Compliance. We will also present a matrix to help determine the effectiveness of laboratory automation as well as a brief discussion on the distinction between simple instrument interfacing and full laboratory automation.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #64


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Abstract # 66 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:00 AM - 6:00 AM - Room 370 D

Real-time Refinery Fenceline Benzene Using a Process Mass Spectrometer

Chuck De Carlo, Dr. Frank DeThomas, Dr. Zbigniew Krieger, Jim Brenner
Extrel CMS

Recent updates to 40 CFR 60 and 63 have lowered the actionable level for benzene at the refinery fenceline to 9.0 µg/m3 (2.8 ppb). Ultra-sensitive membrane inlet mass spectrometry offers a real-time, fully automated benzene analysis that requires no manual sampling and minimal annualized cost. Air is pulled continuously from each sample point, and the benzene concentration is reported directly to the data acquisition system. Real-time monitoring is safer for the community and, combined with wind direction, can rapidly indicate transient benzene from neighboring industrial facilities, highways, rail lines, etc.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #66


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Abstract # 67 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 4:00 PM - Room 370 F

Karl Fischer Analysis for All Sample Types: Solids, Liquids and Gases

Lori Carey, Raghvendra S. Sengar, Metrohm USA
Metrohm USA

No matter which industry you work in, Karl Fischer (KF) analysis can be performed on any sample type to determine moisture content. KF analysis can pose many challenges, so understanding and minimizing side reactions, pH control and sample preparation will help you develop methods for fast, accurate and reliable analysis. This course exposes the attendee to the challenges of KF method development and provides case study examples from petrochemical, polymer and quality control labs. Attendees will leave with a better understanding of KF reagents, sample preparation techniques, applications and instrumentation for all sample types.

Workshop - Abstract #67


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Abstract # 68 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM - Room 370 F

New Techniques for Measuring Organic Halides in Crude Using Combustion IC

Jay Gandhi, Ph.D.,Jay Sheffer, Metrohm USA
Metrohm USA

Corrosion continues to be of great importance to the petroleum refining industry due to its impact on profitability and safety. Organic halides are a key source of this corrosion in refineries, pipelines, and machinery. Many techniques exist for measuring chloride or total halides; however, detection of the individual halides, including fluoride and chloride that are of particular interest, remains a challenge. A collaborative project with industry partners in ASTM Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants is underway to develop a revised method for the determination of organic chloride content in crude oil using Combustion Ion Chromatography detection. This presentation will discuss this new method and the data collected from an inter-laboratory study associated with its development. Application of this technique to simultaneous measurement of fluoride and chloride in a single run will also be discussed.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #68


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Abstract # 69 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM - Room 370 F

Blend monitoring with Near- Infrared Spectroscopy

Raghvendra Sengar, Ph.D., Metrohm USA
Metrohm USA

Improve profitability and analytical robustness of blending processes for fuels, biofuels, solvents and polymers utilizing near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR). NIR is a versatile analytical technique used for rapid, nondestructive analyses to achieve tight control on chemical/physical parameters. NIR is suitable for most sample types and detects numerous parameters in a single measurement in less than a minute. NIR offers flexibility in applying either offline determinations in the laboratory or under harsh process environments with online and inline monitoring. Learn more about utilizing NIR for monitoring multiple gasoline properties and precise control on hydrocarbon blending.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #69


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Abstract # 71 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 370 F

New Acidity Method for Improved Acid Number in Crude and Petroleum Products

Lori Carey, Metrohm USA
Metrohm USA

Acid Number (AN) is an important quality control parameter for crude oil and petroleum products. The accuracy of the AN influences the commercial value of crude oil and the profitability of a refinery. Petroleum refining and transportation infrastructure is also impacted by the accuracy of AN measurements as these acidic compounds lead to corrosion. The commercial and corrosion impact of the AN make it central to quality control laboratories throughout the industry. In this talk, hear about the development of a new ASTM standard for the improved analysis of AN in crude and petroleum products.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #71


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Abstract # 73 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM - Room 381 B

A Comparison of GC-VUV and GCxGC-TOFMS for Characterization of Aged Diesel

Ling Bai1*, Jonathan Smuts2, Jamie Schenk1, Jack Cochran3,4, Kevin A. Schug1

1 Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX
2 VUV Analytics, Inc., Cedar Park TX
3 Restek Corporation, Bellefonte PA
4 The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Characterization of contaminants from diesel fuels is a common issue nowadays. Comprehensive two-dimensional GC is a common technique for speciating complex mixtures but considered complicated to operate. Here, diesel fuel and weathered diesel fuels have been analyzed by GC-vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy to compared with GC×GC-TOFMS. The results showed very good separation of different classes of compounds and deconvolution. Meanwhile, isoprenoid biomarkers like pristane and phytane have been identified, which can be used as the source and age identification of fuels and spills. The comparison showed that GC-VUV provides a complementary means for solving challenging qualitative problems in diesel fuel analysis.

Seminar - Abstract #73


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Abstract # 75 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 381 B

Streamlined Methodology for Liquid Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylenes (BTEX) Metabolites

Yehia Z. Baghdady, Kevin A. Schug

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Bio-monitoring of BTEX is one of the most important methodologies for the current regulation of exposure to these ubiquitous toxic and carcinogenic pollutants. BTEX urinary metabolites serve as biomarkers of internal dose. Our goal is to develop a method capable of simultaneously determining multiple biomarkers for each one of the BTEX compounds, thus substituting a combination of analytical platforms for single and multiple exposures. A one-pot targeted charged derivatization, which can be coupled to online trap columns and/or liquid-liquid extraction, was adopted for ultra-trace quantitation of BTEX biomarkers in biological fluids using tandem mass spectrometry.

Seminar - Abstract #75


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Abstract # 76 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Room 381 B

Application of MALDI-TOF MS for identification of organic-degrading bacteria and their use for potential bioremediation of contaminated sites

Inês C. Santos1, Misty S. Martin1, Zacariah L. Hildenbrand2,3, Doug D. Carlton Jr.1,3, Kevin A. Schug1,3

1 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX, USA
2 Inform Environmental, LLC, Dallas TX, USA
3 Affiliate of the Collaborative Laboratories for Environmental Analysis and Remediation, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX USA

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) has been used for rapid identification of organic degrading bacteria in contaminated environments. In this work, bacteria were isolated from contaminated groundwater samples and identified based on their protein profile using MALDI-TOF MS. Two environmental bacteria, Pseudomonas stutzeri and Acinetobacter haemolyticus, were identified. As these bacteria are known for being able to degrade organic compounds, biodegradation studies were performed to determine the ability of the isolated microorganisms to degrade some organic contaminants (e.g. BTEX). Each microorganism was incubated with the pollutant and the degradation of the compound monitored using headspace gas chromatography.

Seminar - Abstract #76


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Abstract # 77 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM - Room 381 B

ICP-MS Analysis of Crude Oils: Implications for Exploration and Refining

Andrew Fornadel, Ph.D.*, Daniel Davis, Justin Masone, and Keith Long

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Crude oil contains trace metals, such as cobalt, nickel, and vanadium, among others. Typically chelated in the asphaltene portion of crude oils, these trace metals vary in composition and concentration between oils from different localities. The metal content of an oil can affect its value, refinability, and the performance of final products. Additionally, variability in trace metal content of crude oils can be used to assess the source, migration pathway, and/or reservoir characteristics of a given oil, which can prove valuable in exploration efforts.

Inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a valuable technique for assessing the metal content of materials such as crude oil due to low detection limits (in the ppt – ppb range) and high sample throughput. This enables the quantitation of elements present at extremely low concentrations and allows for many samples and analytes to be analyzed in a short amount of time. Here, we discuss ICP-MS analytics as they pertain to petrochemical characterization and the utility of that data for exploration and refining purposes.

Seminar - Abstract #77


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Abstract # 78 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM - Room 381 B

High-Performance Valve Oven Box and User-Friendly Integrated Software for Automated Gas Chromatography Applications

Ryo Takechi; Daiki Fukushima; Martin Smith; Mark Taylor

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Shimadzu's System GCs deliver reliable, turnkey gas chromatography results. System GC applications include fossil fuels, such as natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas, that require high throughput and fully automated operation. System GC applications often utilize a Valve Oven BOX (VOB), valve-switching technology and require extreme customizability, low-maintenance and high thermal stability. To maximize utility a solid hardware platform also requires a customized User Interfaced for easy, dedicated, worry-free operation. In this presentation, Shimadzu introduces the latest high-performance VOB and specialized Software for natural gas applications.

Seminar - Abstract #78


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Abstract # 79 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 1:30 PM - 7:30 PM - Room 381 B

Determination of fatty ester content in biodiesel blends by GC-VUV

Kevin A. Schug, Jonathan P. Smuts, Manuel Garbalena

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX, USA

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Biodiesel is made from various plant and animal derived oils. It is touted as being safe, biodegradable and less prone to air pollution than petroleum based diesel. While it may be used in its pure form (B100), it is typically blended with petroleum diesel at specified levels such as 5 % (B5) and 20 % (B20). In this talk we present a novel GC-VUV method that distinguishes the FAME content from the petroleum diesel matrix using VUV background subtraction and deconvolution.

Seminar - Abstract #79


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Abstract # 80 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 2:00 PM - 8:00 PM - Room 381 B

Characterization Disinfectant By-Products in Sanitation Effluents

Tiffany Liden, Doug D. Carlton Jr., Kevin A. Schug

Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Earth's limited fresh water supply is inadvertently being polluted as a consequence of industrial processes. In meat processing facilities, water is primarily used for sanitization. During an initial analysis of the effluent, chloroform, a common disinfection byproduct (DBP), was detected, leading to further investigation to identify and quantify DBPs. Negative chemical ionization gas chromatography was performed with Shimadzu GCMS QP2010 and a modified version of EPA method 551.1. An increase in DBP cconcentrations was measured in the effluent, which is after required chlorination for odor elimination, compared to the influent entering the waste water facility.

Seminar - Abstract #80


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Abstract # 81 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 2:30 PM - 8:30 PM - Room 381 B

Assessment of Bacterial Communities in Environmental Waters using MALDI-TOF MS

Misty S. Martin1, Inês C. Santos1, Zacariah L. Hildenbrand2,3, Doug D. Carlton, Jr.,1,3 Kevin A. Schug1,3

1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX, USA
2Inform Environmental, LLC, Dallas TX, USA
3Affiliate of the Collaborative Laboratories for Environmental Analysis and Remediation, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX, USA

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Assessment of microbial communities in environmental waters is important as the communities are often an indicator of water quality. MALDI-TOF MS has proved to be a significant alternative to the usual molecular techniques as it allows for a more rapid and cost-efficient identification of microorganisms. The study of microbial communities in contaminated and uncontaminated water was made to determine the impact of groundwater contamination on microbial communities. Contaminated and uncontaminated water samples were obtained from various areas in Texas. The bacteria were concentrated using the membrane filter technique, and inoculated onto selective media. Isolated colonies were identified using MALDI-TOF MS.

Seminar - Abstract #81


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Abstract # 82 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 3:00 PM - 9:00 PM - Room 381 B

GC-VUV and Time Interval Deconvolution for Characterization of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Mixtures

Changling Qiu,a Jack Cochran,b Jonathan Smuts,c Phillip Walsh,c Kevin A. Schuga,*

a Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, 76019, United States
b Restek Corporation, Bellefonte, PA, 16823, United States
c VUV Analytics, Inc., Cedar Park, TX, 78613, United States

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are an environmental concern and among the most analyzed compounds in environmental analysis. Using existing methods (GC-ECD and GC-MS), it is difficult to distinguish and accurately quantify PCBs. This study presents a new method for analysis of PCBs using gas chromatography with vacuum ultraviolet detection (GC-VUV). Co-eluting compounds were deconvoluted into individual response signals. An automated time interval deconvolution (TID) procedure was developed and applied for rapid speciation and classification of PCB congeners. With TID, both class-specific and species-specific information were obtained for rapid characterization of the PCB mixtures.

Seminar - Abstract #82


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Abstract # 83 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 3:30 PM - 9:30 PM - Room 381 B

Development of a New Method to Determine Pesticides and Pholychlorinated Biphenyl Congeners in Aqueous Solution Using New Triple Quadrupole GCMS-TQ8050

Brahm Prakash, Nicole Lock

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, inc.

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Current EPA regulations require the use of gas chromatography with electron capture detection (GC-ECD) for the determination of organochlorine pesticides and PCBs. A new method, to replace EPA Method 608, is being developed by ASTM using triple quadrupole GCMS. The GC-MS/MS is able to achieve the low reporting limits required for the target list compounds is more selective than ECD, and eliminates matrix interferences that occur in many discharge samples. Samples are extracted with methylene chloride only, eliminating the need for exchange into hexane. Semi-volatiles by GCMS Method 625 may also be analyzed in the same extract.

Seminar - Abstract #83


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Abstract # 84 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 4:00 PM - 10:00 PM - Room 381 B

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon and Metabolite Analysis of Soils Related to Energy Exploration by On-Line SFE/SFC-MS

A. Paige Wicker1, Doug D. Carlton Jr.1,2, Kenichiro E. Tanaka3, Erin A. McAllister3, Kevin A. Schug1,2

1 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX. USA
2 Affiliate of the Collaborative Laboratories for Environmental Analysis and Remediation, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX, USA
3 Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc., Colombia MD, USA

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of organic compounds connected to a range of health and environmental implications. PAHs are subject to degradation in soil resulting in a ketone or quinone metabolite (oxy-PAH). Soil in close vicinity to energy exploration can be at greater risk for these types of compounds due to the possibility of spills, leaks, and gas flaring. In this work, extraction and analysis of sixteen PAH and five Oxy-PAH compounds from standard soil was performed using on-line SFE/SFC-MS with minimal sample preparation. Soil samples collected near energy exploration were found to contain PAHs and metabolites.

Seminar - Abstract #84


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Abstract # 86 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - 6:00 AM - Room 370 E

OptografTM Analyzer Applications for H2 Production in Refineries

Jim Tomlinson
Endress+Hauser

The presentation will discuss the use of the OptografTM analyzer and its associated sampling interfaces to conduct measurements in the hydrogen production process, with particular emphasis on advantages over more traditional measurement methods.

The Optograf analyzer is a four-channel, laser excited, dispersive Raman instrument that, when coupled to its AirheadTM fiber-optic probe, is capable of conducting composition measurements in gas-phase sample streams. This system does not require sample transport to the instrument, is capable of monitoring its calibration internally and with every measurement, and presents fewer maintenance challenges when compared to GC and MS systems. The presenter will explain the collection and interpretation of spectroscopic data.
The Optograf analyzer is optical-fiber coupled to up to four Raman probes which can be located on or near the process pipe depending on sample conditions. The probes allow laser energy to pass through the sample gas and collect the resultant Raman scattered light and return this light to the instrument for analysis. The sampling system is tap-specific and designed to condition the sample gas to optimize measurement quality. The presenter will also explain the OptoASTTM and OptoDRSTM sampling interfaces.
As a result of this robust spectroscopic analysis solution, it is possible to take process control measurements at multiple points in an H2 production process. There are nine measurement points in the hydrogen production process that can be monitored by the Optograf analyzer. These measurements can be used to optimize the hydrogen production process. The presenter will explain these sample points, their respective sampling interfaces, and the advantages of minimal sample transport and solid and liquid contamination elimination.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #86


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Abstract # 87 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 3:30 PM - 9:30 PM - Room 371 D

Determination of Halogens and sulfate in Liquefied Petroleum Gas Using Combustion Ion Chromatography

Carl Fisher, Adelon Agustin, Mark Manahan
Thermo Fisher Scientific

Combustion ion chromatography (CIC) can measure trace halogens and sulfur (as sulfate) in non-water soluble solids and semi-solids such as organic solvents, plastics, polymers, and petroleum liquids. In liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) these components need to be quantified for transport, product specifications, possible corrosion sources, and to determine scrubber capacity for maintenance. This presentation describes the determination of total fluorine, chlorine, sulfate, and bromine in LPG using an automated approach to combustion sample preparation in combination with ion chromatography to deliver results with excellent accuracy and reproducibility, while eliminating the tedium of manual combustion methods.

Seminar - Abstract #87


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Abstract # 89 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 380 B

IQT™s with the TALM Precision Package Demonstrate the Potential for Best Precision of Derived Cetane Number (DCN)

Ramadan, Omar; Gardiner, David; Bell, Tom; Webster, Gary
Advanced Engine Technology Ltd. (AET)

The extended results of two SAE Papers were presented in the last two successive years of this Gulf Coast Conference (GCC). These two papers indicated the potential of the Ignition Quality Tester (IQT™), equipped with the Totally Automated Laboratory Model (TALM) Precision Package, to have the best precision statement of any cetane number, measurement or determination device. Over the past 18 months of participation in ASTM's National Fuel Exchange Group (NEG) diesel fuel exchange program, some real world data on a monthly basis has been analyzed and reported in this paper. These real world results strongly support the findings of the 2 SAE Papers. In that an IQT™ equipped with the TALM Precision Package, has clearly demonstrated the potential capability of having the best precision statement of any cetane number, measurement or determination device.

Paper Presentation - Abstract 89


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Abstract # 90 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:20 AM - 4:20 PM - Room 370 D

The Best Technique for the Analysis of Volatile and Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs and SVOCs) in Air

Lee Marotta and Roberta Provost
PerkinElmer

Automated Thermal Desorption (ATD) using EPA method TO-17 is the best technique for the analysis of VOCs and SVOCs in air. A wide boiling point range of compounds are retained and recovered.

Using new sorbent tube technology, this solution becomes easier and more efficient combining two analyses into one solution.

This presentation will demonstrate, from several site studies, that there are SVOCs in addition to VOCs present in air. This one-analysis solution is accurate and precise. It is more profitable. And since solvent use is minimal (only needed for standard preparation), it is a greener solution than the two-analysis approach.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #90


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Abstract # 91 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM - Room 371 D

Multi-element determination of lubricants running ASTM methods D4951-09 and D5185-13 using the new PerkinElmer Avio 200 inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES)

Anthony Palermo
David Hilligoss

PerkinElmer

The analysis of new and used lubricants for conformity and process control is important in providing a high-quality lubricant. The ability to measure a wide range of analytes cost-effectively can mean the avoidance of damaged equipment or changing the lubricant more frequently than necessary. In this talk we will discuss the multi-element determination of lubricants running ASTM methods D4951-09 and D5185-13 using the new PerkinElmer Avio 200 inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES).

Seminar - Abstract #91


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Abstract # 92 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:30 PM - 9:30 AM - Room 370 E

Quantification of triazines and dithiazines in spent H2S scavenger solutions

Mark C. Peterman, Merwan Benhabib, Samuel L. Kleinman
OndaVia, Inc.

Triazine-based hydrogen sulfide scavengers are widely-used in oil and gas applications. These non-regenerative scavengers are consumed during the sweetening process, forming dithiazines. We describe a novel technique to quantify simultaneously the triazine and dithiazine concentration in scavenger solutions using Raman spectroscopy, and compare the quantitative results to those obtained from a total sulfur analysis. By measuring dithiazine concentration, operators can protect assets from H2S corrosion while avoid work stoppages due to dithiazine polymerization and scale. This approach also provides a tool to optimize chemical usage by maximizing scrubbing capability, while reducing the potential negative consequences of overspent triazine solutions. This method is the first demonstration of direct triazine and dithiazine measurement in scavenger solutions using an optical method.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #92


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Abstract # 93 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 3:15 PM - 11:15 AM - Room 380 B

Automotive Gasoline Analysis by GC-VUV – A New Proposed ASTM Method

Dan Wispinski, Alberta Innovates – Technology Futures
Jodi Johnston, Alberta Innovates – Technology Futures
Chris Goss, Alberta Innovates – Technology Futures
Philip Walsh, VUV Analytics

Alberta Innovates – Technology Futures

VUV absorbance exhibits sensitivity to all major hydrocarbon classes that occur in automotive spark-ignition fuels, has a high degree of speciation capability, and components belonging to similar hydrocarbon groups have similar absorption characteristics. The measurement of hydrocarbon groups and individual compounds in automotive spark-ignition fuels is important for refinery quality control. Compliance with various governmental and environmental regulations is also a necessity. As such, multiple ASTM methods exist for measuring various aspects of automotive fuel samples. Two common techniques are detailed hydrocarbon analysis (high resolution single column GC-FID) and reformulyzer (multi-dimensional GC). This presentation will compare GC-VUV results using the proposed ASTM method with DHA and reformulyzer results on the same multiple sample set consisting of Canadian gasoline proficiency test samples.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #93


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Abstract # 95 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM - Room 380 B

Material Characterization: Identify and Measure what's in Your Products

Lee Marotta, Leeman Bennington and Heidi Grecsek
PerkinElmer

Gas Chromatography (GC) sample introduction techniques such as headspace (HS) and automated thermal desorption (ATD) are very useful tools for the investigation of compounds in many matrices and products.

There are several benefits using HS and ATD to obtain information about products; for instance, they are less labor intensive providing enhanced productivity; they provide enhanced sensitivity enabling concentration of targets; and they require little to no solvents.

The information that can be attained using these technologies and the sample types will be discussed. Also discussed will be which of the two techniques should be used for the specific sample type and the required solution.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #95


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Abstract # 96 - User Group
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 4:00 PM - Room 371 F

2016 Baytek International User Group

Jonathan Richter
Baytek

Baytek International is excited about our now well established All Web LIMS: VortalBLISS. However, we won't stop there; Baytek continues to innovate. Please join us at GCC for our User Group to learn about the latest enhancements, technological advancements, and quality improvement tools for BLISS. Baytek's BLISS LIMS serves the lab management and automation needs of the refining, chemical, petrochemical, food, flavor, fragrance, water, and pharma industries worldwide. Join Baytek and our Users to discuss the exciting advancements in BLISS LIMS, explore the future, and fellowship with other BLISS Users.

User Group - Abstract #96


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Abstract # 97 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:30 PM - 8:30 PM - Room 370 E

The Analysis of Petrochemical Samples by 2D-GC Combined with High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry

A. John Dane, Koji Okuda, Robert B. Cody
JEOL USA, Inc.

Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC?GC) used in combination with high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) is a powerful tool for the analysis of complex mixtures. In this work, we analyzed several petrochemical samples by using GC?GC in combination with a new high-resolution time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer. Kendrick mass defect plots were used to facilitate the rapid identification of families of compounds which in turn helped guide the analysis of the chromatographic data. Additionally, tentative identification of specific compounds was aided by database searches and elemental composition determinations from the accurate-mass data. The details of these results will be reported for this presentation.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #97


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Abstract # 98 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 4:15 PM - 12:15 PM - Room 370 E

The use of widely Tunable Quantum Cascade Lasers for Hydrocarbon Measurements in Natural Gas and similar applications.

Joe Schwab, Sam Langridge, Jeff Socha, Daniel Cavicchio
Block Engineering

Quantum cascade lasers which can cover appreciable wavelength span in the mid IR can be used for multiple component measurements. The ability to process data to enable hydrocarbon speciation allows the direct, fast measurement of individual hydrocarbons such as C1 to C5 alkanes which have most commonly been measured on line by gas chromatographs (PGC). The measurement of C6 and total higher alkanes in the gas phase is also possible. The use of online spectrophotometers enables much faster measurements of properties such as calorific value (CV) and Wobbe index while giving all gas composition and negating the requirements for carrier gases and high maintenance expertise. The direct measurement of CV contributing gases enables greater potential accuracy than methods based on modelling from direct heat or other inferential methods.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #98


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Abstract # 102 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 3:00 PM - 9:00 PM - Room 371 D

Recent Advances in High Pressure Ion Chromatography Separations

Kirk Chassaniol, Terri Christison, Carl Fisher
ThermoFisher Scientific

Chromatographic separations using packed columns benefit from a high number of theoreticalplates per column. The number of theoretical plates can be increased by packing the columns with smaller particles. Typically ion chromatography columns use resin particles ranging from 7–9 µm
in diameter. Recent developments in resin technology have allowed the use of 4 µm resin particles in ion exchange columns. The benefits of columns packed with smaller particles include more efficient peaks, better resolution and faster run times. Smaller particle column packing requires the use of a High Pressure Ion Chromatography System.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #102


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Abstract # 103 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 4:00 PM - 1:00 PM - Room 371 D

Operation and Troubleshooting of Ion Chromatography Consumables

Kirk Chassaniol
ThermoFisher Scientific

Modern Ion Chromatography systems employ newer column technology and electrolytic devices used for eluent generation and suppression. In this seminar we will review recommendations for operation and troubleshooting consumables used for various IC methods to determine anions, organic acids, cations and amines. We will focus on newer columns and the suppressors including operational modes. See how consumables tracking increases instrument up time. We will include time for Q & A from attendees.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #103


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Abstract # 105 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 2:20 PM - 10:20 AM - Room 371 D

Moving beyond standard refinery gas analysis: Introducing new GC Analyzer capabilities from Thermo Fisher Scientific utilizing four concurrently operating GC Detectors with optimized channels on a single GC platform

James Pachlhofer and David Ramby, Business Development Specialists
Thermo Fisher Scientific

Analysis requirements are constantly changing. New or changing processes in the plant, new customers for product streams, or new specification requirements all impact analytical requirements in the laboratory. Laboratory refinery gas analysis moved to a 3 GC detector solution several years ago. With the introduction of the Thermo Fisher Trace 1300 GC, these traditional 3 GC detector as well as new 4 detector GC analyzers are now available. This presentation will highlight the full series of Thermo Fisher refinery gas analyzers and the application challenges that each system solve.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #105


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Abstract # 106 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM - Room 380 A

Analysis of Sulfur Compounds and Sulfur Simulated Distillation Utilizing Capillary Flow Technology and Sulfur Chemiluminescence

Claudio M. Ceccarelli, Roberto I. Meneghini and Joaquin Lubkowitz
Separation Systems, 100 Nightingale Lane, Gulf Breeze, FL 32561

Separation Systems

A Gas Chromatographic system was developed for the analysis of sulfur compounds at the level of 1-1000 mg/kg as well capable of carrying out sulfur simulated distillation in the same instrument utilizing microfluidic switches as well as a newly introduced Sulfur Chemiluminescence Detector (SCD Agilent).
The GC is capable to switching from Sulfur SimDis (ASTM D7807) to the speciation and analysis of individual sulfur compounds in the range of 0.50 mg/kg to 1000 mg/kg. The changes in operational mode are made by simple flow changes of the microfluidic switches without the use of hardware changes.
The GC is equipped with 2 inlets (Split inlet and Programmable Temperature Vaporizer) and a Flame Ionization Detector as well as the SCD detector. Each inlet is dedicated to its particular detector depending on the conditions for the analysis.
Practical detection levels of 0.5 mg/kg are obtained with this system.
The repeatability obtained for the sulfur boiling point distribution expressed as %RSD ranged from 0.04% to 0.12% ºC. Quantitative sulfur compound analysis repeatability expressed as %RSD ranged from 0.12% (500 mg/kg) to 2% (<10 mg/kg.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #106


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Abstract # 107 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 7:30 AM - Room 370 D

Hand Portable GC/MS Technologies for Rapid Response Field Analysis

Leeman Bennington
PerkinElmer, Inc.

Benchtop GC/MS data generation can be a time consuming and costly process when taking into account sample collection, transport, preparation, and analysis. When answers in minutes are needed for immediate decision making, why bring the sample to the lab when you can bring the GC/MS to the sample? This interactive presentation will focus on technologies making analysis by a hand portable GC/MS possible in the field. Topics will include product evolution, GC characteristics, MS design and theory, software considerations, quick sampling techniques, and proven applications. A working instrument will also be available for demonstrating workflow processes and ease of use.

Seminar - Abstract #107


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Abstract # 108 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:50 AM - 3:50 PM - Room 370 D

Application of Speech Recognition Algorithms and its Implications on the Accuracy of Identification and Quantification in Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis By High Resolution Capillary Chromatography.

Roberto I. Meneghini, Claudio M. Ceccarelli, Elisey A. Shcherbina and Joaquin Lubkowitz
Separation Systems, 100 Nightingale Lane, Gulf Breeze, FL 32561

Separation Systems

Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis (DHA) for samples having final boiling points of 450 ºF (232 ºC) utilizing highly efficient columns depend on the accuracy of the identification as well as the accuracy of the quantification of the samples.
In an effort to render a total identification of components at the level of 99.5% in the first pass, it was necessary to use algorithms that go beyond Kovat Indices, Retention Indices and Peak Markers. Although useful as a first pass on the identification, these concepts are not a complete solution in order to reach complete identification of samples. It is also important not to alter the peak shape in order to maintain accurate quantitative analysis.
Voice recognition algorithms have been applied in the field of chromatography since the chromatogram shares features found in voice recognition such as shifts, harmonic movements and intensity variations.
These algorithms are useful to correct the shifts occurring when different instruments, columns and or conditions such as different carrier gases, constant flow or constant pressure, different ramps , precolumns are used in the analysis.
The most dramatic application of the algorithm is in the resulting analysis of a column used when switching from helium to hydrogen carriers. It is possible in this switch to reach a complete identification of the sample by application of these algorithms. Simultaneously changing column dimensions and different carriers, the software yields qualitative and quantitative identical results. These algorithms have been included in the software for the analysis of hydrocarbons in such methods as ASTM D6729, D6730 and D5134.
This work will demonstrate the advantages of using these algorithms under different GC conditions.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #108


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Abstract # 109 - Seminar
10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - 7:30 AM - Room 371 D

High Volume Sample Testing of New and In-Service Lubricants by FTIR Spectroscopy

K. Cory Schomburg
PerkinElmer

Lubrication monitoring is a vital component to maintaining proper function and reliable performance of industrial machinery and equipment. As lubricants degrade due to the heat, wear and stress in the machinery environment, chemical reactions occur which deplete the amount of additives in the lubricant and create a number unwanted chemical components. The creation and depletion of chemistries such as soot, oxidation, nitration, sulfation, and water can be tested and monitored using FTIR spectroscopy. In this presentation, direct trending and spectral subtraction methods will be used to evaluate new and in-service lubricant spectra collected using a high volume autosampler connected to an FTIR spectrometer.

Seminar - Abstract #109


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Abstract # 110 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 1:40 PM - 10:40 AM - Room 370 E

Method Improvements and Considerations for Determining the Volatility of Lubricants using ASTM D6375

K. Cory Schomburg
PerkinElmer

Many of the engineered lubricants made today are designed to meet the stringent specifications and demand of the newer high performance engines. One of the tests used to determine the volatility of these lubricants is the NOACK test ASTM D6375. In this ASTM test a sample is heated to the NOACK temperature in a Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) instrument and held isothermal for a period of time. During this time the NOACK volatility is determined based on the value of a NOACK reference standard. In this presentation several method improvements and considerations are discussed that can be used to improve the NOACK results.

Seminar - Abstract #110


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Abstract # 111 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM - Room 371 D

Process Raman spectroscopy in polymer manufacturing

Patrick Wiegand, Tim Felder, David Strachan
Kaiser Optical Systems Inc.

We demonstrate Raman spectroscopy as a versatile technique in measuring and controlling polymer processes. In a process environment, an on-stream Raman analyzer can improve process knowledge and enable in-process corrections. We present Raman applications in polymers which include polymerization blending, extrusion monitoring, crystallinity, and copolymers. Raman spectroscopy can be coupled to rheometry, enabling simultaneous collection of chemical and rheological properties. Biological polymers and plant-based polymers are emerging applications within the polymer industry. We show examples where the use of Raman spectroscopy has been shown to improve understanding of polymer chain entanglement, polyethylene density, polymer blend composition, or monomer concentration during production.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #111


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Abstract # 113 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM - Room 380 B

Fenceline Monitoring Considerations Under the Refinery RTR Rule

Marty Hale, Brian Cochran
AECOM

The U.S. EPA Refinery Risk and Technology Review rule will require refineries to conduct fenceline air monitoring for benzene starting in January 2018. In preparation for this rule, this presentation provides case studies and insight from long-term fenceline benzene air monitoring programs operated by AECOM where automated gas chromatographs have been used to measure sub-ppb concentrations in real-time. Examples of how real-time monitoring data allow for emissions events to be detected quickly and how real-time data can be used to help identify and account for culpable offsite benzene emission sources as allowed in EPA Method 325 will be discussed.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #113


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Abstract # 114 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 3:00 PM - 5:00 PM - Room 370 D

Introducing Ballistic Gas Chromatography - High-Pressure Mass Spectrometry (GC-HPMS) for Efficient Hydrocarbon Analysis

Dr. Graham Shelver, Dr. Patrick Farrell, Dr. Christopher D. Brown, Dr. Scott Miller, & James Roush, 908 Devices
908 Devices

Until recently, the analytical options for monitoring the hydrocarbon product process have been limited. Today's conventional GC analyzers are known to be complex, have poor size, weight & power (SWaP) signatures, and often lack the selectivity and sensitivity required to analyze many specialized compounds. Similarly, while mass spectrometry (MS) is a well-established analytical technique, it has also seen limited deployment primarily due to its complexity and requirement for continuous high vacuum.

A new GC-MS device that combines high-speed compound separations with the accuracy of high-pressure mass spectrometryTM (HPMS) is changing how hydrocarbon analysis is performed. These novel gas chromatography high-pressure mass spectrometry (GC-HPMS) devices operate at 10,000 times less vacuum than conventional MS, and are being used successfully for the qualification and quantification of sulfur species in hydrocarbon mixtures, BTEX and aromatics in finished gasoline, natural gas and natural gas liquid composition, as well as crude oil characterization. Attendees will learn how the combination of HPMS, ballistic GC and a new, operator centric data system helps users overcome the limitations associated with current hydrocarbon analyzers.


High Pressure MS and Ballistic GC - A winning Combination - Chris Brown

Quantifying Sulur Species in Hydrocarbon mixtures using Ballistic GC-HPMS - Scott Miller

Rapid GC-MS Analysis of BTEX and Aromatics in Finished Gasoline - Pat Farrell

Potential for Onsite Analysis of Crude Oil Using a Resistively Heated High Pressure GC-MSAnalyzer - TBD

Determination of Natural Gas Liquid Composition by GC-HPMS - James Roush

Workshop - Abstract #114


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Abstract # 115 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 1:30 PM - 7:30 PM - Room 370 D

A Comparison of GC-Polyarc/FID with GC/FID and GC/MS for the quantification of alcohols, ethers and hydrocarbons

Andrew J. Jones
Activated Research Company

The accuracy and precision of chemical analysis has improved immensely since the advent of gas chromatography. Yet, as these instruments become more sensitive, the scientist must also take greater care to minimize the many sources of error that contribute to an analysis. In this talk, we compare the analyses of several mixtures using GC with FID, MS, and Polyarc®/FID and show how the universal carbon response and large linear dynamic range of the Polyarc®/FID can lead to better data quality, integrity and reliability in less time. Volatile (organic) compounds, which require special care for preparation and handling of their standards due to their volatility, are analyzed with accuracies of up to 99.9% with minimal-to-no sample preparation. In addition, the predictable response of the Polyarc®/FID is used to diagnose and fix problems in the instrument and identify error prone steps.

Seminar - Abstract #115


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Abstract # 116 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Room 370 E

Determination of Trace Water Content in Petroleum and Petroleum
Products

Daniel W. Armstrong*1, Lillian A. Frink1, Ryo Takechi2
1 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX, 2 Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc., Columbia MD

University of Texas at Arlington

Measurement of water in petroleum and petroleum-based products tend to have low amounts of water and contain many compounds which react with iodine, causing Karl Fischer titration(KFT) to give inaccurate, typically higher, results. A simple, rapid, automated headspace gas chromatography (HSGC) method which benefits from new instrumentation and ionic liquid stationary phases was developed. Measurement of water in 12 petroleum products along with 3 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)reference materials was performed. The range of water found in these samples was ~12–3300 ppm. This approach is unaffected by complicated matrices and solubility issues common with KFT. It is considerably faster, more accurate and completely automated.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #116


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Abstract # 117 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:00 PM - 8:00 PM - Room 370 D

Determining Ultra Trace levels of Sulphur in Hydrocarbon Matrices - Introducing a New Specific Detector for Gas Chromatography.

Marijn van Harmelen; Rob de Jong; Thomas Adamski; Rik Suijker
PAC L.P.

A new detector has been developed for Gas Chromatography applications aiming to determine Sulfur species in hydrocarbon type matrices, including crude oils.
While still based on the Chemiluminescence principle that was employed first in the Antek 7090NS model, the detector has undergone a significant redesign to provide unsurpassed sensitivity resulting in lower detection limits, excellent equimolar response, dynamic range and selectivity. A fast cold startup, unrivaled signal stability, the sturdy but compact design, and the touchscreen interface makes it the easiest to work with.

Typical data will be presented for D5623 & D5504, well-known Sulphur analysis methods for Low level determination of Sulphur contaminants in Light Petroleum Liquids & gaseous streams.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #117


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Abstract # 119 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Room 370 F

Ion Chromatographic Selectivity of Alkaline Earth Metals, and Amines on a Silica-Based Cation Exchanger

Dr. Jay Gandhi, Metrohm USA
Metrohm USA

Amines are primarily used for scrubbing of acid gases during refining processes. Ion chromatography is a helpful technique that is increasingly utilized for the analysis of alkaline earth metals and amines in petrochemical laboratories.
Various amines used for these applications may coelute with other common cations. Gradient elution may be used to overcome these differences in selectivity, however, this can increase the complexity of the analysis due to the additional equipment required and can lengthen re-equilibration times required by this type of system. This presentation will highlight a simple isocratic approach to the separation of alkali, alkaline earth metals and commonly used amines in petrochemical refineries with non-suppressed detection.

Paper Presentation - Abstract 119


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Abstract # 121 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 9:00 AM - Room 370 E

Identification and Accurate Quantitation of Oil Pipeline Corrosion & Scale Inhibitors in Brine UHPLC-ToF MS

Jason Weisenseel – PerkinElmer Senior LCMS Product Specialist
William Geidel – Chemical Engineer

PerkinElmer Environmental Health

Corrosion inhibitors (CI) and scale inhibitors (SI) are coated on the surface of oilfield pipelines to protect them from the corrosive effects of crude oil. These compounds are applied to the surface of the pipe and must be monitored to insure protection and evaluate when pipeline treatments should be reapplied. The analysis is normally performed in brine solutions run through the pipelines periodically. Due to the complexity of the matrix they are often difficult to measure accurately. We have developed a new fast method to identify and accurately quantify a new type of SI, Polyamino-Polyether-Methylene-Phosphonic Acid (PAPEMP), by HPLC-TOF MS.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #121


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Abstract # 122 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM - Room 370 D

A Modular Approach for Rapid Online GC Analysis in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres (ATEX zone 1 and CEC/NA class 1/Div1)

Joshua Whiting, Melanie Petitjean, Philippe Coric, David Faulkner, Philippe Andreucci, Ludovic Debusschere, Eric Colinet, Pierre Puget, Regis Barattin, Ed Myers, Michael Roukes, Vincent Gouttenoire,
APIX Analytics

APIX Analytics develops and manufactures a new generation of multi-gas analyzers certified for use in potentially explosive environments. The system is designed around a plug-and-play module which contains the entire analytical stream, with multiphysics detection for the analysis of a large variety of compounds. With a single system capable of holding up to 4 analytical modules operating in parallel; the system is capable of simultaneously analyzing permanent gases, heavier hydrocarbons, VOCs and sulfur compounds with a single sample collection.
The Max-One ATEX system can also be coupled with a NeSSI column developed by EIF-Astute for direct connection on industrial process line and enabling in situ deployment for real time, on-line analysis, with reduced Total Cost of Ownership.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #122


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Abstract # 123 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 11:15 AM - 5:15 PM - Room 371 D

Increasing the Productivity of ICP-AES Trace Analysis of Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewaters by Selecting the Optimum Sample Introduction System

Dr. Sergei Leikin, Texas Scientific Products LLC
Richard Self, Oilfield Labs of America

Texas Scientific Products LLC

Analysis of hydraulic fracturing waters by ICP-AES is challenged by the high salt content and low detection limit requirements. Choosing the optimum sample introduction system becomes very critical since the most commonly used concentric nebulizers suffer from frequent clogging and require daily maintenance.
The selected sample introduction system included nonconcentric OptiSolids XL nebulizer and argon humidifier. Featuring large 1.0 mm sample channel ID for clogging resistance and high salt tolerance OptiSolids XL provides sensitivity comparable to concentric nebulizers, but with minimum maintenance.
Detection limit for Phosphorous (the most critical element for this application) reached 10 ppb in the solution.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #123


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Abstract # 124 - Seminar
10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - 7:00 AM - Room 370 F

Quality Assurance in Karl Fischer Titration - Producing reliable, precise and comparable moisture results in oils, raw materials and other products.

Bettina Straub-Jubb from Merck, Darmstadt, Germany
MilliporeSigma

Precise and accurate results of the determination of water contents are important for the quality of products and raw materials. Whether you are determining the moisture content using the volumetric Karl Fischer titration or using a coulometric Karl Fischer instrument there are many aspects of the applied measurement method which require careful consideration to ensure that the results measured are accurately giving the water content in the sample. You will learn how to do a precise titer determination and instrument check and how you can detect influences on your titration results. With these measures you fulfill the requirements of your internal and external quality assurance requirements and you will be prepared for internal and external audits.

Seminar - Abstract #124


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Abstract # 127 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 11:00 PM - Room 380 A

5th Annual micro & Fast Gas Chromatography Symposium
micro & Fast Gas Chromatography: The Empowering Force for
Unconventional Analytical Chemistry

Dr. Carl Rechsteiner
CRechsteiner Consulting

In 2015 the micro & Fast Gas Chromatography symposium focus was on demonstrating that the continuous development and improvement of micro and fast GC technology has moved it into the mainstream of gas chromatography. The authors showed that the technology is capable of much more than vapor samples and analyzers deployed in pristine laboratories. This 5th Anniversary symposium will show not only the very high performance levels that have been achieved with these breakthrough analyzers but also that their performance, size, power and speed empower application of analytical chemistry by gas chromatography in ways and in locations not previously possible . . . even in the back of a Jeep.

Seminar - Abstract #127


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Abstract # 128 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:10 PM - 9:10 AM - Room 380 A

Micro GC Fusion – Advancing Gas Analysis

Chingyue Yeung
Inficon, Inc.

Gas analysis using gas chromatography (GC) is traditionally performed in a laboratory by an analytical chemist. The centralized approach ensures measurement quality, yet it often introduces delays and can sacrifice efficiency when sample is located remotely or embedded within pilot plants. Bridging the gap requires the GC to be robust, accurate, transportable and configurable to applications and supports easy to use interfaces. Classic "Micro GCs" are known for its analysis speed and have provided many favorable user experiences. The new Micro GC Fusion pushes the envelope further with expanded analytical capability via fast temperature programming and simplified workflow via a novel web-based user interface – which engineers and technicians without chromatography background can easily master. Its compact and light weight instrumentation enables remote and online gas analysis for natural gas, LPG, refinery gas, biogas gas and catalyst research applications.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #128


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Abstract # 129 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:30 PM - 9:30 AM - Room 380 A

Fast Gas Chromatography using Heated Headspace Gas Autosampling Techniques: Ethylene Oxide and Dioxane in Fatty Acids

Joe Perron, Derrick Saul - Falcon Analytical
Jonathan Blackwell, Eric Wise - Lonza,

Falcon Analytical

Sampling is often the most difficult part of an analytical method even for micro and Fast Gas Chromatography. In some cases the analytes of interest cannot be separated and measured with a column system that can survive the balance of the sample matrix. Determination of low boiling oxides in fatty acids is an excellent example of this problem. The solution is to heat the fatty acid sample driving the low boiling analytes ethylene oxide and dioxane into the headspace gas. The autosampler using a gas tight syringe can then sample and introduce the resultant sample into the GC.

This paper will describe the system and the methods developed for this analysis. In addition, we will discuss other potential applications for this technique, for example analysis for residual monomer in polymer pellets.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #129


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Abstract # 130 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:50 PM - 9:50 AM - Room 380 A

Fast Gas Chromatography Meets Fast Miniature Mass Spectrometry

Christopher D. Brown, James Roush, Scott Miller
908 Devices

Fast GC has proven itself to be broadly applicable from the winery to the refinery and beyond. Ultra-miniature mass spectrometry technology has very recently transformed along a similar revolutionary path. Combined, these two transformative approaches can put GC/MS into the hands of users and applications that were previously considered untenable due to size, complexity, and cost.

This paper will provide a technical overview of the ultra-miniature MS that 908 Devices has designed and integrated with Calidus GC's, the GC/MS configurations possible and results to date. Exciting application areas include crude characterizations, sulfur chemical speciation, benzene and aromatics and a host of other possibilities not previously considered with complicated, high power, heavy, high-vacuum based GC/MS tools.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #130


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Abstract # 131 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 5:00 AM - Room 370 D

Modern HPLC with 1/10 the Analysis Time Makes Process HPLC Realistic

Dr. Ernie Hillier
Waters Corporation

Over the past decade a major innovative breakthrough in separations technology has enabled this science to now be a critical tool in online analysis. A wide range of information is required for the optimization of chemical synthesis processes. Liquid chromatography (LC) is one separation tool that has found widespread use for resolving and measuring various components in a reaction mixture. During the last decade substantial improvements have been made in the field of liquid chromatography leading to not only increased resolution and sensitivity of detection but also increasing the speed of analysis. Previous analysis times of 30 to 40 minutes have now been decreased to 4 to 5 minutes allowing for increased throughput with these advances.

Unfortunately, even though these advances are well established and have been proven to be robust, the technology advancements have not allowed for the integration of LC into the mainstream of process analytical technology (PAT)). An in depth collaboration between instrument development scientists and process engineers identified specific obstacles to the implementation of liquid chromatography as a PAT tool. The first area addressed was the additional advancement in sample management allowing for the online delivery of samples to the liquid chromatographic instrumentation. The sample management device connects directly to the process and allows for sampling at specified times without direct human intervention.

Other areas identified were the ability for simple trend plotting of the chromatographic results as well as the communication of the results to centralized data historians and feedback control systems. The entire system is engineered for robustness and advanced communication so that it does not require housing in an analytical laboratory, eliminates delays inherent in sample transport with online sampling and provides near real-time feedback analysis for improved process control.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #131


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Abstract # 132 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM - Room 370 D

Advancements in the Stability of Boron in Metallo-organic ICP Standards and introduction of LGC's ISO Guide 34 Certified Hydrocarbon standards for Gas Chromatography.

Roland St.Germain
Thomas Rettberg
Chuck Goudreau

VHG Labs/ LGC Standards

The impact of short term exposures of working standards to humid air exposure is minor or absent for most elements; however boron in some of its metallo-organic coordination compound forms have unique chemical characteristics that render boron unstable – resulting in signal loss. The chemistry related to this instability and the solution is the focus of the study.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #132


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Abstract # 133 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 2:30 PM - 10:30 AM - Room 380 A

Fast Gas Chromatography in the Refinery Quality Control Laboratory

Dr. Carl Rechsteiner
CRechsteiner Consulting (Chevron retired)

Fast GC is now developed and proven to the extent that it is in routine use in refinery quality control. The new method D-7798 has been proven to be 2 to 3 times more precise and having far less bias than the older standard method D-2887. The Inter-Laboratory Study (ILS) done simultaneously with a D-2887 ILS program on the same samples provided an excellent means for comparison. While the speed of analysis certainly helps with throughput and productivity, speed is not the key benefit. Better precision leads to tighter process control, better products and lower costs. This paper will show the comparison of data between the two methods from the simultaneous ILS and discuss the impact better precision and bias parameters have on daily operations.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #133


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Abstract # 134 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 3:20 PM - 11:20 AM - Room 380 A

Boiling Range Distributions: In the Lab, In the Process

Joe Perron, Ned Roques, John Crandall
Falcon Analytical

Fast GC brings multiple benefits to simulated distillation analysis. Boiling range information is an important part producing appropriate fuel blend components and fuels themselves. Many are attempting to use spectroscopy of one type or another to predict boiling range distribution at significantly higher capital cost instead of a real separation process, gas chromatography. One reason is the need for timely analysis cycles. While spectroscopy seems to be an appropriate answer to the need for speed, Fast GC brings not only the speed but also better precision than prediction based technologies.
This paper will discuss the operational parameters for both lab based and online process control based fast GC. The work considers the differences in results from liquid syringe autosampler based inlets used in laboratories to rotary valve based inlets required in the process. Data will show the capabilities and limitations for samples ranging up to C44 or 535oC.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #134


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Abstract # 135 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 3:40 PM - 11:40 AM - Room 380 A

Contrasting Spectroscopy and Chromatography for Motor Fuel Assessments

Michael Roberto
Infometrix, Inc.

Chemometrics and the oil refining industry have a long and storied history together. From the development of the first NIR octane models to optimization of refineries, we have been involved in a variety of projects to help improve and maintain refinery operations over our 38-year history. Recently, Infometrix has undertaken a massive project to assess how to reduce the amount of effort devoted to maintaining and optimizing model performance in support of refinery and chemical plants. Some questions investigated include: What is the relationship between a reference method and a prediction model? How do spectroscopy and chromatography compare in predictive capability for routine gasoline analysis? What is an "outlier," and where do they come from? To answer these questions, Infometrix has investigated a comprehensive data set, including spectroscopic and chromatographic analysis of a set of samples tied to refinery motor fuel property assessment. In this presentation, we will discuss the differences between reference method error and chemometric errors, discuss cutting edge outlier detection techniques, and investigate the competitive advantages of fast chromatography vs. spectroscopy.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #135


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Abstract # 136 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Room 371 F

Applied Rheology for Oil Industry - Viscosity and Beyond

Gina G. Paroline, Wesleyne Greer, Anton Paar, USA, Inc.
Anton Paar, USA, Inc.

Anton Paar, USA, Inc.

Workshop - Abstract #136


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Abstract # 137 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 6:00 AM - Room 371 F

Is Viscosity the Parameter You Really Need?

Gina G. Paroline, Wesleyne Greer
Anton Paar USA, Inc.

Did you know that viscosity is used to describe the flow properties of fluids? So if your sample doesn't flow, then viscosity is not the right parameter for you. Often viscosity is oversimplified. For some simple liquids (water, solvents), viscosity is a single value at a given temperature. But for the vast majority of materials, their viscosity depends on the amount of shear applied for the measurement and how long the shear is applied. This presentation will outline what viscosity is, what influences it, and whether it is the right material characteristic for your samples.

Workshop - Abstract #137


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Abstract # 138 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 9:45 AM - 6:45 AM - Room 371 F

Applications and Benefits of High Pressure Viscosity Measurements

Gina G. Paroline, Wesleyne Greer
Anton Paar USA, Inc.

Viscosity is no simple matter. Viscosity of materials under pressure is even more complex. This presentation will provide you with an understanding of how viscosity measurements can benefit those involved in the development and use of oilfield chemicals with emphasis on pressurized measurements.

Workshop - Abstract #138


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Abstract # 139 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 7:30 AM - Room 371 F

MCR Rheometer as a Materials Testing Platform

Gina G. Paroline, Wesleyne Greer
Anton Paar USA, Inc.

Viscoelastic measurements provide a wealth of information beneficial to all types of materials. Exceptional motor control, precise temperature control, and modularity are requirements for most laboratories using a rheometer. These same qualities also make a research rheometer much more than a rheometer. With sound engineering of accessories, a research rheometer can now function as a multi-faceted materials testing platform. This presentation will cover non-traditional uses for a research rheometer including tribology (lubrication, friction, wear), microscopy, powder rheology (flow and fluidization), interfacial properties, and DMA (dynamic mechanical analysis) applications.

Workshop - Abstract #139


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Abstract # 140 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 2:00 PM - Room 371 F

Basic Applied Rheology Part 1: Rotational (Steady Shear) Measurements for the Oil Industry

Gina G. Paroline, Wesleyne Greer
Anton Paar USA, Inc.

Rotational measurements are used to assess the flow properties of fluids. Viscosity is the parameter used to express flow properties. This tutorial will cover the basics of rotational measurements for fluids including how viscosity changes with application of shear, temperature and pressure as well as a samples ability to recover after shear.

Workshop - Abstract #140


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Abstract # 141 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Room 371 F

Basic Applied Rheology Part 2: Oscillatory (DMA) Measurements for the Oil Industry

Gina G. Paroline, Wesleyne Greer
Anton Paar USA, Inc.

Oscillatory measurements are used to assess the stiffness of non-flowable materials like gels, pastes, creams, melts, semi-solids, and solids. Most materials exhibit both viscous flow behavior (liquid-like characteristics) and elastic deformation behavior (solid-like characteristics), i.e. most materials are viscoelastic. Oscillatory measurements provide a means to quantify the viscoelastic balance in a material. Does the sample have adequate viscous characteristic to spread easily while also having enough elastic characteristic to remain stable during storage? This is just one example of the problems oscillatory measurements can solve. This tutorial will cover the basics of oscillatory measurements including how they are used to determine basic material properties and phase transitions.

Workshop - Abstract #141


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Abstract # 142 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 3:00 PM - 4:00 PM - Room 371 F

Basic Applied Rheology Part 3: Making Effective Viscosity and Rheology Measurements

Gina G. Paroline, Wesleyne Greer
Anton Paar, USA, Inc.

Rheological measurements, including viscosity determinations, are a great way to characterize materials for basic material properties, to speed up product development, and to assess product performance. But a number of factors must be considered to make effective measurements. This tutorial will cover selecting the right instrumental setup, selecting the correct rheological test for the information needed, and sources of error stemming from test settings as well as those from external factors such as wall slip, turbulence, and inertia.

Workshop - Abstract #142


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Abstract # 143 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 4:20 PM - 12:20 PM - Room 380 A

Transportable Fast Gas Chromatography for Pipeline Product Interface Detection and Flare Controls

Shane Stewart, Ronnie Williams
Expro Americas, LLC

Product interface detection in pipeline product transmission is an important application for both cost minimization and environmental compliance. Switching from one product to the next product requires flushing the system of the first product before beginning the new shipment. This flushing is often done with nitrogen. Thus, the first product becomes contaminated with nitrogen as does the next product as it follows the nitrogen flush. Everything between pure product shipments must be flared, a costly process. Thus minimizing the time for analysis to make sure that nitrogen reaches 100% and then returns to 0% reduces the amount of product on either end that is flared. In addition, the flare must be kept operational during flushing. LPG is used to keep the BTU content of the flare gas above certain levels and conforming with environmental emissions requirements.A Calidus Ultrafast Gas Chromatograph is deployed in the trailer based flare system. Sampling occurs automatically with 3 minute cycles. Previously samples were extracted and taken to a contract laboratory with as much as 4 hour turnaround. The savings of product is obviously quite large. But additional savings include reduced fuel usage, elimination of contract lab costs and the lag time for transportation and result generation. This paper will describe the application and the system uses and experience to date.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #143


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Abstract # 144 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 4:40 PM - 12:40 PM - Room 380 A

Analysis of Chemical Markers in Adulterated Fuels using a Transportable Ultrafast Micro Gas Chromatograph

Jeremy Reyes, Bill Winniford, Molly Price, Brian Jazdzewski, Warren Smith, Zahid Asif
John Crandall, Ned Roques, Spencer Parker, Joe Perron, Matt Holliday

The Dow Chemical Company & Falcon Analytical

Dow recently launched ACCUTRACE™ fuel marking technology to provide government authorities a robust solution to fuel tax evasion. At low parts per million treat rates, this marker technology is highly cost-effective and is resistant to laundering methods practiced by criminals to launder low taxation fuels intended for agriculture and construction.
A recently developed portable ultrafast CALIDUS™ micro gas chromatograph is utilized as a roadside analyzer and offers advantages in speed, sensitivity and transportability. Configured with two column modules, a heartcut valve, and dual FID detectors, detection via 2D GC heartcut delivers detectability down to low parts per billion. Implementation in the UK and Ireland of this marker and detection technology led to a reduction in laundering plants discovered, a decline in illegal use of subsidized fuels, and a drop in waste products associated with fuel laundering. In summary, this work will show the instrument performance and capability for analyzing ppb concentrations of chemical markers in fuel using a portable GC.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #144


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Abstract # 145 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 4:00 PM - 12:00 PM - Room 380 A

The Role of the Chromatography Data System in Fast GC: Control, Data Fusion, Automation

George Schreiner
Chromperfect

Modern gas chromatography continues to advance not only from speed and the need for higher data rates but also to the use of more and new detectors. Integration of analog and digital data from outside sources, sometimes called data fusion is also required. And there is an ever increasing desire to automate operations, system suitability and even automated assessment of results. The suite of software including Chromperfect the basic chromatography data system, Chromperfect Process Control the process GC automation and human/machine interface system and the Chromperfect Marker Trace application exemplifies response to these new market requirements. Use of these tools and their interaction with other data and programs like Infometrix LineUp and InStep make the applications following this presentation possible in the hands of the intended end users… even in a Jeep.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #145


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Abstract # 146 - User Group
10/10/2016 - 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM - Room 380 C

Raman User Group Meeting

Donn Bonnette
Process Instruments

Come share your experience with other Raman users and learn about the many refinery and petrochemical applications for which Raman analyzers are utilized. Meeting will be moderated by Lee Smith, Pres. Process Instruments Inc. It is not limited to Raman users. Anyone interested in Raman technology is invited to attend. Please RSVP to: 832-221-8834

User Group - Abstract #146


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Abstract # 147 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 3:00 PM - 11:00 AM - Room 380 A

Making SimDist Faster and More Robust

Dr. Brian Rohrback
Infometrix

There is software technology that is available to largely eliminate retention time drift caused by changing columns and simple wear and tear. This raises the question that, if we can compensate for retention shifts, even when a new column is in place, why can't we use software alignment to correct from one GC to the next? Anecdotal studies have been done (and presented in this forum) in the past, but an ASTM inter-laboratory study provided a more comprehensive data set to test the effects on SimDist results without running any calibration standards. The result is that we can use the software-based alignment tool to make all instruments that are performing a similar analysis to look identical: a real application plug-and-play. At the very least, it means that the frequency with which we run calibration standards is significantly lower than is currently being done. When combined with faster GC analysis, the result combines faster speed with a more reliable analysis, enabling better quality control of a hydrocarbon blending process.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #147


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Abstract # 148 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 2:10 PM - 10:10 AM - Room 380 A

Fast HPLC Enables Online Process Analyzer Technology

Dr. Ernie Hillier
Waters Corporation

Over the past decade a major innovative breakthrough in separations technology has enabled this science to now be a critical tool in online analysis. A wide range of information is required for the optimization of chemical synthesis processes. Liquid chromatography (LC) is one separation tool that has found widespread use for resolving and measuring various components in a reaction mixture. During the last decade substantial improvements have been made in the field of liquid chromatography leading to not only increased resolution and sensitivity of detection but also increasing the speed of analysis. Previous analysis times of 30 to 40 minutes have now been decreased to 4 to 5 minutes allowing for increased throughput with these advances.

Unfortunately, even though these advances are well established and have been proven to be robust, the technology advancements have not allowed for the integration of LC into the mainstream of process analytical technology (PAT)). An in depth collaboration between instrument development scientists and process engineers identified specific obstacles to the implementation of liquid chromatography as a PAT tool. The first area addressed was the additional advancement in sample management allowing for the online delivery of samples to the liquid chromatographic instrumentation. The sample management device connects directly to the process and allows for sampling at specified times without direct human intervention.

Other areas identified were the ability for simple trend plotting of the chromatographic results as well as the communication of the results to centralized data historians and feedback control systems. The entire system is engineered for robustness and advanced communication so that it does not require housing in an analytical laboratory, eliminates delays inherent in sample transport with online sampling and provides near real-time feedback analysis for improved process control.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #148


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Abstract # 149 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM - Room 381 B

Complex Mixture Quantification without Calibration Standards with your Flame Ionization Detector

Doug D. Carlton Jr, Ling Bai, Kevin A. Schug

Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington TX

Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Fuels and specialty chemicals can easily be a blend of saturated and undesired unsaturated hydrocarbons, especially when derived from natural products. Quantifying a blended homologous starting material or final product can be cumbersome due to the number of analytes or availability of standards. Using the Polyarc® reactor, all carbon-containing species can be quantified indirectly based upon a measured carbon concentration after each carbon atom is reacted and converted to methane. Now that FID signal is exclusively methane, response factors are eliminated and molecular concentration can be calculated based upon the known carbon mass fraction of the compound.

Seminar - Abstract #149


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Abstract # 150 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM - Room 371 D

Transferring Routine Lab GC Analysis to Automatic On-Line Measurement

Ulrich Gokeler
Siemens Industry Inc.

Continuously laboratory analysis is performed multiple times a day to support product quality and process control. By transferring those routine lab analyses to an automatic and on-line measurement system, there can be significant cost savings. Measurement point dependent, because higher measurement frequency and repeatable sample conditions possibly enable improved process and quality control or further minimize safety concerns.
This presentation will discuss the possible benefits of transferring laboratory GC measurements, especially pointing out considerations reaching from measurement focus to ROI.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #150


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Abstract # 151 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM - Room 380 A

Sulfur Determination for new low sulfur fuels

Michael C. Pohl, Rein Sprinkhuizen
HORIBA Instruments, Inc.

The accurate measurement of the levels of sulfur present in fuel samples becomes more difficult every year. The sulfur content is now in the low PPM range and is predicted to decline further. Oxygen is appearing in all sorts of fuels at ever higher concentrations. Various additives are being added to the fuel to give it the desired properties. In this environment attention must be paid to the selection of the best analytical technique. This year is particularly critical in light of the new Tier 3 Gasoline regulations. One of the most promising techniques is ASTM D5453. This technique and some new improvements will be discussed with actual analytical results.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #151


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Abstract # 152 - Seminar
10/12/2016 - 3:00 PM - 9:00 PM - Room 380 A

Determination of Trace Sulfur by ASTM D5453 under the EPA Protocol 40 CFR Part 80. D. Section 80.47_A PBMS approach for TIER III Gasoline.

Aaron Mendez Ph.D.
Arthur Vanstrien

Ayalytical Instruments Inc TSHR International

The EPA has issued a new protocol, 40 CFR Part 80 Subpart D, to determine several quality and composition parameters among which Sulfur content has to be determine according to a more stringent performance criterion defined in Section 80.47 of this code. Aiming at pollution control the Tier III gasoline contain less S and more ethanol than Tier II gasoline.

Beginning January 1st 2016, the sulfur content can be reported by any analytical method but must meet the established performance criteria for accuracy and precision and laboratories involved have to establish a statistical quality control program with reference to ASTM D6299.
The analysis was performed in a TSHR TNTS7000 vertical model equipped with a Pulsed Xe lamp. TSHR is a former Euroglas and Thermo Scientific company that has greatly improved the trace elemental analysis instrumentation.

Six Non-VCSB and VCSB materials: Three Naphthas and Three RFG with S concentrations ranging from 0.25 to 15 ppm were analyzed according to the PBMS approach that allows for a self-qualification system to report absolute quality parameters with the flexibility of not precluding any analytical instrument.

Results shows that the instrument performance is selective, sensitive and stable and the analytical procedure selected produced an accuracy and precision far better than the minimum performance criteria based on the precision statement of ASTM D7039.

Seminar - Abstract #152


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Abstract # 153 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM - Room 370 E

Analysis of Extract Drying Criteria for Oil & Grease Method 1664A/B

Chad Schewe, Michael Ebitson, David Gallagher and William Jones
Horizon Technology, Inc.

Oil and Grease is a simple measurement, used around the world to evaluate pollution, regulate release into sewer systems and ensure good wastewater treatment plant operation. There are a variety of options listed in the US EPA method 1664A/B to accomplish drying the hexane extract including sodium sulfate drying, phase separation paper and others. Drying is an important step because water left in the extract will make it hard for the extract to evaporate uniformly prior to gravimetric analysis. False negatives may occur because light-end oil and grease components may evaporate off before the water is evaporated. False positives may occur because water remains when the hexane is evaporated.
Each of the drying options allowed by the method will be evaluated for performance, ease of use and cost.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #153


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Abstract # 154 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM - Room 371 D

Characterization of Fuel oil sample using Borate Fusion and ICP-OES Analyses

John Anzelmo, Claisse
Claisse

Fuel oil is one of the main by-products of petroleum refining. During the refining process, FCC is often used. Contaminants such as nickel, iron, vanadium, silica, alumina, sodium and copper are transferred in the fuel oil. The contaminants in the fuel oil can cause abnormal abrasion of engines. It is then essential to know the concentration of contaminants to maximize the lifetime of the engine.
The purpose of this project is to demonstrate that accuracy, recovery and repeatability criteria in standard methods such as ASTM D 5184 and IP 501 can be met by using automated borate fusion method followed by ICP-OES. A lithium metaborate - 1.5% lithium bromide integrated flux is used instead of the lithium tetraborate blended with 10% lithium fluoride (LiT/LiF 90/10) flux suggested in the standards.
Four different samples were tested. Each solution was prepared in less than 13 minutes with a Claisse® LeNeo fusion instrument.
Quantitative analyses were performed with an ICP-OES instrument.

The significance of this research has to do with the simplicity and automation of the method, its speed, and the complete absence of harsh acids.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #154


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Abstract # 155 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:00 PM - 8:00 PM - Room 370 F

An Inexpensive High Performance Data Acquisition and Programmable Controller based on a Combination of Excel(R) and High Performance Electronics.

Dr Scot D Abbott
David W Faries
Ryan Taylor

Phoenix First Response

We developed a complete data logging and remote control system (called DAQ2GO ®) for our GC and other lab instrumentation. The system has high resolution analog inputs and outputs, digital inputs and outputs, RS485 and network communications. It uses a combination of high performance electronics and software based in Excel(R). Several applications will be described. This approach gives many labs the freedom from expensive, dedicated software packages, and makes it easy to revive old instruments (e.g. with broken controllers or lost software) or make new measurements.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #155


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Abstract # 156 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 3:45 PM - 9:45 PM - Room 380 B

Measuring Copper and Iron corrosion fast, accurately and unbiased
No more operator's ambiguities.

Aaron Mendez/ Juan Ayala
Ayalytical Instruments, Inc

Crude oil resources degrade over time as a general rule of thumb their °API gravity and distillate yield decrease whereas the S as well as other heteroatoms decrease. It is also well known that S compounds in a complex proportional way increase the corrosiveness of crude oils, intermediate streams and final products.

The oil producing, transporting and processing industries are faced with a gigantic challenge:

Unambiguously determine the potential corrosiveness of hydrocarbon streams that systematically and negatively impact operations and degrade the environment. Conservatives estimates show that the The
annual cost of corrosion in the United States alone is estimated at $27 billion (According to NACE International).

Ayalytical Instruments has developed a series of instruments based on digital detection imaging that eliminates the manual and visual assessment displaying accurately and automatically corrosion ratings in
seconds.

Both CuDDI and FeDDI possess a proprietary design composed of a high resolution camera with a sophisticated optics and a visual algorithm that measures integrally the degree of the attack of a copper and iron strip as it automatically rotates in the system.

Experimental Results show that the CuDDI and FeDDI readings present the degrees of corrosion in a pattern similar to the standard ASTM methods D130 and D1838 for Cu and ASTM D665, D7548, IP 135,
ISO 7120 and NACE TM-01-72 for Fe.

Seminar - Abstract #156


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Abstract # 157 - Training Course
10/11/2016 - 1:30 PM - 10:30 AM - Room 380 B

Introduction to Surface and Interfacial Tension Measurements

Raymond Sanedrin
KRUSS USA

By attending our training course, you will gain a more in-depth
understanding of surface tension and interfacial tension. You will also familiarize yourself with mechanisms of surfactant action and learn more about characterizing surfactants. We will use concrete examples to illustrate the significance of surface tension and interfacial tension in fast technical processes and show you how to apply static and dynamic analytical methods.

Training Course - Abstract #157


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Abstract # 174 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 11:00 AM - 7:00 AM - Room 370 D

High Temporal Resolution Mud-Gas Analysis Using SIFT-MS

Barry J. Prince
Yan Li
Vaughan S. Langford
Daniel B. Milligan
Murray J. McEwan
Robert Wilson

Syft Technologies

High-penetration-rate drilling technologies present a challenge to current mud-gas analysis techniques: they are limited in either analysis speed and/or the range of compounds measured. Selected-ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) is an analytical technique that detects and quantifies volatile organic compounds (VOCs) directly in air to part-per-trillion (ppt) concentrations within seconds. SIFT-MS uses multiple reagent ions to provide highly selective, quantitative analysis of wide range of hydrocarbons and other compounds of interest in this field.

In this paper, we present data for C1 – C11 hydrocarbons that were acquired in a field test of SIFT-MS instrumentation for mud-tank headspace analysis.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #174


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Abstract # 186 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 380 A

Enhancing the Quality of Carbon Type Analysis for Transformer Oils by Simultaneous Determination of Viscosity, Density and Refractive Index

Ross Roberts
Anton Paar

Obtaining compositional information of petroleum products via molecular analysis is very informative but also complicated and time-consuming. The combination of a refractometer and the Stabinger viscometer provide automatic calculation of the carbon-type composition of transformer oils compliant to ASTM D2140 while simultaneously determining density (D4052) and viscosity (D7042) for the characterization of these insulating oils according to ASTM D3487. The intelligence of the Stabinger viscometer in combination with a refractometer makes measurements of transformer oils routine and easy. Learn more about how the combination of the Stabinger viscometer and refractometer accurately determines carbon type composition of transformer oils.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #186


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Abstract # 187 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Room 380 A

Measuring Kinematic Viscosity of Jet Fuels from -20C to -60C using Stabinger Viscometer

Ross Roberts
Anton Paar

Reliability of low temperature kinematic viscosity (KV) measurements can be difficult to achieve with traditional glass capillary viscosity liquid baths from -20C to -60C. The Stabinger methodology (ASTM D7042) provides ASTM industry accepted (D1655) KV results through a peltier-control measuring cell which combines density (D4052), dynamic viscosity, and kinematic viscosity measurements based on a modified Couette type rotational viscometer design. The ability to successfully perform accurate viscosities/densities measurements of jet fuel rely heavily on the accuracy and precision of the methodology design. Learn more about how a Stabinger viscometer can be used to test jets fuels -20C to -60C.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #187


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Abstract # 188 - Workshop
10/11/2016 - 10:00 AM - 6:00 AM - Room 371 D

Analysis of Multi-elements at low ppm level in oil with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) Spectrometer

Dan Pecard, Kristin Odegaard, Frank Portala, Matthias Lindhuber
Bruker AXS Inc.

This presentation will cover multiple applications in which Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) Spectrometers are used for in the petrochemical industry such as ASTM D4294, D6481, D7751, ENISO 20847, & ENISO 8751. These applications will be discussed in details and cover setting up the right measurement method and setup of the calibration for those norms.

Workshop - Abstract #188


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Abstract # 189 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - 5:00 AM - Room 370 D

Unique Selectivity: The Power of Ionic Liquid Capillary Columns

Leonard M. Sidisky, Jamie L. Desorcie, Gustavo Serrano, Greg A. Baneyand Michael D. Buchanan
MilliporeSigma

Over the years, extensive evaluations of columns manufactured with ionic liquid stationary phases have occurred. Their main strength was discovered to be unique selectivity. These columns have the ability to perform many of the same applications as columns made with polysiloxane polymer or polyethylene glycol stationary phases of similar polarity, but with slight elution order changes. Many times this results in increased resolution and/or shorter run times. This paper will compare and contrast the selectivity of the ionic liquids stationary phases with traditional phases of similar or like selectivity's for applications with a variety of different sample types from a number of industries.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #189


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Abstract # 190 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:50 AM - 4:50 PM - Room 370 D

Analysis of Naphthenes using GC with VUV Detection

Bill Winniford, JC Reyes, Ron Bassie, Eva Tudela, Pascal Pijcke, Melissa Dunkle, The Dow Chemical Company; Phillip Walsh, VUV Analytics
The Dow Chemical Company

The gas phase absorbance spectra of hydrocarbons in the range of 125-240 nm are sensitive to differences in positional isomers and compound classes. Previous published work and presentations have shown the ability to distinguish the groups in PIONA analysis. The spectral differences between classes are quite distinct while within classes the differences are more subtle. This presentation focuses on a more detailed look at naphthenes in the ASTM 5134 standard as an example of how accurately components can be identified by spectral differences. This is complementary to mass spectra where the differences between some isomers are too small to correctly identify. In addition the response factors between VUV and flame ionization are compared. By choosing the appropriate spectral range for signal integration the VUV response differences between components can be minimized. This is significantly different than the molar absorptivity values that are observed at higher wavelengths (>240 nm) where response varies widely with the degree of aromaticity and non-aromatic hydrocarbon have minimal, if detectable absorbance.

Paper Presentation -Abstract #190


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Abstract # 191 - Training Course
10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Room 370 F

Basic Titration Troubleshooting

Tore Fossum
METTLER TOLEDO LLC

How to be sure the titration is running correctly? What is a good versus bad titration curve? What are best practices for electrode maintenance? What are the basics of burette maintenance? How to be sure the titrations are correct. In this one hour segment there will be time for your questions on titrimetric analysis and applications.

Training Course - Abstract #191


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Abstract # 192 - Training Course
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM - Room 380 A

How to Get Good Results with Catalyzed Thermometric Titration of Acid Numbers ASTM D8045

Tore Fossum
METTLER TOLEDO, LLC

The newly approved ASTM method D8045 uses a high resolution very fast temperature sensor to detect the catalyzed temperature drop when the acid in the sample is titrated with KOH. The advantage of the methods is a fast titration around one to two minutes, and a sensor that does not depend on ionic conductivity nor need to be rehydrated. Results are repeatable and similar to what is obtained by ASTM D664. The instruments (standard titrator), reagents, and the accessories needed will be presented.

Training Course - Abstract #192


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Abstract # 194 - Training Course
10/11/2016 - 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Room 380 A

Hydrogen Sulfide and Mercaptan Titrations

Tore Fossum
METTLER TOLEDO, LLC

When is it H2S and when is it mercaptan? How to set the titrator to distinguish between hydrogen sulfide and mercaptan? How to get the sample dissolved? What does a typical titration curve look like? . In this one hour segment there will be time for your questions on method parameters and instrument settings.

Training Course - Abstract #194


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Abstract # 195 - Training Course
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 2:00 PM - Room 370 F

KF Moisture on Petrochemicals

Tore Fossum
METTLER TOLEDO, LLC

How do you know you're getting the right water level? The reagents, techniques, and instrument settings are presented in the segment for volumetric and coulometric techniques. There will be time for questions and discussion of applications.

Training Course - Abstract #195


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Abstract # 196 - Training Course
10/11/2016 - 2:15 PM - 3:15 PM - Room 380 B

LabX What It Will Do and How To Do It

Thomas Rohrer
METTLER TOLEDO, LLC

Take a tour of what LabX can do including collecting data from the titrator, running the titrator, organizing the data, analyzing titration curves, generating reports, and exporting reports to LIMS. Practical examples will be presented and there will be time for asking questions about your application.

Training Course - Abstract #196


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Abstract # 197 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 6:30 AM - Room 380 B

Polymer Compound Reformulation: Answering Important Questions

Dr. Joseph Incavo
Argen Polymer LLC

Polymers, especially elastomers, are compounded with a variety of ingredients to achieve desired properties. Being able to fully identify components in the compound and explain why they are there is a valuable service to provide customers. It requires employing the most appropriate analytical techniques but also applying the knowledge of performance characteristics and underlying chemistry. We will present qualitative and quantitative techniques to deconstruct polymer compounds and provide case studies that show how it can answer important questions. Use of GC/MS, TGA, FTIR, and EDS will be discussed.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #197


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Abstract # 198 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 7:00 PM - Room 371 D

Re-engineering Calibration in Optical Spectroscopy

Michael Roberto
Infometrix, Inc

In order to use analyzers effectively for applications like motor fuel property prediction, consider the limitations that determine the eventual success and life-expectancy of any calibration. The ultimate quality of a chemometrics calibration is set by outlier detection, the model complexity, and choice of algorithm. A multi-company project has been undertaken to assess how to reduce the amount of effort devoted to maintaining and optimizing spectroscopic model performance in support of refinery and chemical plant labs. A series of algorithmic approaches have been examined to streamline chemometric model construction and make the models significantly more robust in routine practice.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #198


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Abstract # 199 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM - Room 380 A

The Chemometrics Role in Data Analysis

Brian Rohrback
Infometrix, Inc.

Chemometrics has been in scientific play for more than four decades, but its path in active quality control has not been straight-forward. Critical is the blending of results with application-specific product knowledge. But that is not enough; all is lost if we lose focus on the effective delivery of that blended information content. Tools abound from multiple sources and assist in achieving a proper blend, but the successful integration needs to tackle the task with a systems engineering approach. A whirlwind tour through successful and unsuccessful integrations provides guidance for deploying multivariate quality controls in a way that is both useful and used.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #199


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Abstract # 200 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 3:00 PM - 9:00 PM - Room 371 D

The Role of UV-VIS in Petrochemical Analysis

Derek Lenz
METTLER TOLEDO, LLC

UV-VIS has been used in a wide variety of disciplines. In petrochemicals it is useful for identification, for quantitation, and for basic research. Mettler Toledo has introduced a UV-VIS spectrophotometer with a footprint the size of a letter page, resolution to rival all but the most high-end instruments, and with an easy usability that will endear it to all. This spectrophotometer may be used standalone, on its own, or with a powerful LabX application software. The features of this spectrophotometer are presented along with its application to ASTM methods such as D1025 (nonvolatile residue), D1157 (Total Inhibitor Content), D2593, D4423(carbonyls in butadiene), and E2193 (glycol).

Paper Presentation - Abstract #200


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Abstract # 201 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 2:40 PM - 10:40 AM - Room 371 D

Utilizing Innovative Design Criteria, Thermo Fisher Scientific's New Trace 1310 Gas Chromatographs help improve productivity, maximize up time and provide self-serviceability.

David Ramby, James Pachlhofer
THERMO FISHER SCIENTIFIC

Today's busy laboratories require analytical instruments to be available around the clock, with minimal downtime. While instrument maintenance and repair is necessary on any GC, The Trace 1310's patented design improvements allow laboratories to quickly and easily replace injector and detector modules. Each module is factory calibrated and contains all the required components.

Our "instant connect" modules allow laboratory personnel to handle routine maintenance and instrument repairs easily, without having to schedule a service visit or technical support call. Our focus on self-serviceability means that laboratory instruments continue analyzing samples instead of sitting idle.

This presentation will demonstrate The Trace 1310's unique modular design and its impact on productivity and up time.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #201


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Abstract # 202 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM - Room 381 C

A next level in taking your lab to the sample. True mobility in Gas Chromatographic gas analysis using the 490-Mobile Micro GC.

Coen Duvekot, Remko van Loon, Micro GC marketing Department, Agilent
Agilent

Mobile measurement often involves extra equipment and complicated software. We improved our Micro GC's field case taking the industry standard Pelican case (designed for ruggedness) and designed the interior in such a way that it allows to hold the Micro GC, batteries and gas cylinders. Furthermore, an LCD screen was added for instrument readings, power and gas levels. Wireless connection of the Micro GC via your phone or tablet will eliminate the use of a laptop and cables, reducing your carry-on luggage significantly. The webserver will allow you to do a (simple) calibration, start the analysis and view the results. Results can be viewed in full or summary with "true/false". Even alarms can be set to further improves the follow up action by the operator.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #202


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Abstract # 204 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 381 C

Improving Performance for Ultra-Fast GC Methods using a New Approach to Direct Column Heating and High Flow Control

James D. McCurry, Ph.D., Senior Application Scientist
Agilent

Ultra-fast GC (UFGC) is a technique used achieve complete analyses in 3 to 5 minutes. Methods typically use very short columns (<5 m) combined with fast oven programming and high constant column flows. This paper will present a new approach to UFGC. Improved fast column heating and synergy with electronic pneumatic flows controls combine to develop UFGC methods for SimDis (ASTM D7798) and total petroleum hydrocarbon analysis (TPH) in environmental samples. Both methods exceed the high analysis precision requirements of the traditional GC methods.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #204


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Abstract # 205 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 10:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Room 381 C

Using GC/MSD with High Efficiency Source and Hydrogen Cleaning to detect low level contaminants in ethylene and propylene

Angela (Smith) Henry, Ph.D., Applications Chemist
Agilent

Use of metallocene catalysts in polymer production has prompted the need for low ppb levels of detection for contaminants in polymer pre-cursors, ethylene and propylene. These catalysts have higher activity, but are also more sensitive to impurities, such as arsine (AsH3), phosphine (PH3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and carbonyl sulfide (COS). Selective detectors (with GC) are commonly used for detecting these impurities, but these detectors cannot reach the requested low levels. With the use of a new high-efficiency Electron Ionization (EI) source incorporated into the 5977B GC/MSD system, the GC/MSD can now confidently detect and quantitate arsine, phosphine, hydrogen sulfide, and carbonyl sulfide at <10 ppb levels.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #205


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Abstract # 206 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM - Room 381 C

GC-APCI/IMS-QTOF for the Analysis of Diesel

Bjorn Ogren, Mass Spec Product Specialist, Sheher Mohsin, Ph.D., Application Engineer
Agilent

This presentation describes the use of ion mobility and high-resolution GC/MS for profi ling sulfur compounds in a very complex sample such as diesel fuel. The analysis of sulfur compounds in diesel can be challenging because of this matrix complexity. Gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry is a useful tool when identifying peaks, but, in the case of petroleum, such attempts are usually frustrated by isobaric coeluting hydrocarbons. Ion mobility, coupled to high-resolution GC/MS, provides an extra dimension of separation based on size, charge, and shape. This study demonstrates the advantage of coupling GC-APCI to ion mobility high-resolution mass spectrometry for the study of aromatic sulfur compounds in diesel.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #206


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Abstract # 207 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:15 PM - 7:15 PM - Room 381 C

Unprecedented Inertness for a Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) GC Stationary Phase – DB-WaxUI

Daron Decker, Gas Chromatography Technical Specialist
Agilent

GC columns with Polyethylene glycol (PEG) stationary phases are commonly used for analyzing compounds with polar functional groups. These columns are well suited for food, flavor, and fragrance applications, as well as industrial chemical analysis in quality control and method development labs. For active and complex polar compounds, you cannot afford adsorption caused by flow path activity. Having to repeat or verify suspect analyses wastes valuable resources and hinders productivity. A new and better deactivation of this type of phase has been discovered.  This presentation will show the excellent inertness of the DB-WAX UI column with greater sensitivity than any other WAX column on the market. DB-WAX UI GC columns give excellent peak shapes and column-to-column inertness reproducibility, as well as retention time stability. The DB-WAX UI has extended inertness lifetime that withstands repeated temperature cycling to the upper temperature limits of the column.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #207


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Abstract # 208 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 1:45 PM - 7:45 PM - Room 381 C

Troubleshooting Tips & Tricks for your GC Analyzer & CFT Application

Mario Aparicio, Application Engineer
Agilent

The troubleshooting process. This presentation is designed for those who users with responsibility for the preventive maintenance and first level repair of Agilent 6890 and 7890 GC and analyzers such as Natural Gas and Refinery Gas Analyzers. Column flow technologies (CFT) will also be discussed.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #208


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Abstract # 209 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM - Room 381 C

Determination of major elements in organic solvents using Agilent 4200 MP-AES with EGCM (External Gas Control Module)

Elizabeth Kulikov, Atomic Spectroscopy Application Chemist
Agilent

Many industries require metal analysis in organic solvents. The conversion of Methanol to Olefins (MTO) is an alternative approach to light olefin production. Major elements such as calcium, potassium, magnesium and sodium can interfere with catalytic activity during the MTO process. Isopropyl alcohol is commonly used in the semiconductor industry and is frequently analyzed for trace metals as contamination can be detrimental to the performance of semiconductor products. With the ability to generate a robust and stable plasma using nitrogen gas, the 4200 MP-AES was used to analyze Na, Mg, Ca and K in methanol and isopropyl alcohol without dilution.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #209


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Abstract # 210 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM - Room 381 C

Determination of iron, nickel, and vanadium in petroleum heavy oil and residue samples by Microwave Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (MP-AES)

Jenny Nelson1, Greg Gilleland1, Steve Wall1, Laura Poirier2, Lidia Berhane2 and Francisco Lopez-Linares2 1Agilent Technologies, Inc., 5301 Stevens Creek Blvd, Santa Clara, CA 95051, US 2Chevron Energy Technology Company, 100 Chevron Way, Richmond, CA 94801, USA
Agilent

Atmospheric and vacuum residue petroleum samples are very difficult samples to characterize. Traditionally, density and viscosity measurements are the dominant, however, the availability of knowing hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon and metals (besides sulfur) are becoming critical in the refinering business.1 In the past, metal analysis has been done by acid digestion followed by spectroscopy techniques such as Flame Atomic Absorption (FAA) or by plasma techniques such as Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). In this study we present MP-AES as a useful tool for the determining Fe, Ni, and V in these heavy residue samples. Determination of the metals in heavy oil and residues was evaluated comparing traditional detection techniques such as ICP-AES with MP-AES. Two sample preparation methods, wet acid digestion and direct dilution in an organic solvent were also compared. Ten residue samples were selected according to API as well as elemental composition; API values spanning from -2 ° up to 18°, elemental composition as follows: S (1.0 at. % up to 5.5 wt. %) and N (200 ppm up to 14000 ppm). An Agilent 4200 MP-AES (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA, USA), with an Agilent 4107 nitrogen generator (Agilent) was used for the direct injection of o-xylene. Excellent agreement among all elements can be obtained using both plasma gas sources. Nitrogen sustained gas for plasma can be effectively used to analyze residue samples by direct dilution method.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #210


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Abstract # 211 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 381 C

Improved productivity for the determination of metals in oil samples with ASTM Method D5185, using the Agilent 5110 Radial View (RV) ICP-OES with Advanced Valve System

Elizabeth Kulikov, Atomic Spectroscopy Application Chemist
Agilent

The determination of metals in oils by ICP-OES using a radially-viewed plasma is a well-established technique, especially for laboratories that implement ASTM Standard Test Method D5185-13. Rapid completion of such analysis is essential for oil quality assurance and equipment condition monitoring. The Agilent 5110 Radial View (RV) ICP-OES, fitted with SPS4 Autosampler and the fully integrated AVS 6 Advanced Valve System, was used to analyze 22 elements in used engine oils in accordance with ASTM D5185 method. The 5110 RV ICP-OES was found to improve productivity by reducing analysis time without compromising accuracy, precision, long-term stability and reproducibility.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #211


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Abstract # 212 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - 7:30 AM - Room 381 C

Analysis of ethanol fuels and biodiesel oils following ASTM, ANP, and EN regulations using the Agilent 5110 SVDV ICP-OES

Steve Wall, Atomic Spectroscopy Product Specialist Neli Drvodelic, Agilent Technologies Melbourne, Australia Alex Virgilio, Group of Applied Instrumental Analysis Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil
Clarice D. B. Amaral, Group of Applied Instrumental Analysis Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil
Joaquim A. Nobrega, Group of Applied Instrumental Analysis Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil
Daniela Schiavo, Agilent Technologies, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

Agilent

As alternate fuel development and use continues to grow it is important to ensure fuel quality specifications are well defined and achieved. Bio-ethanol, including hydrated ethanol fuel and anhydrous ethanol can potentially be contaminated with elemental impurities during production, stockpiling and transportation, so accurate quantitation of metal content is important. ASTM D4806 and the Brazilian National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) Resolution number 19/2015 define concentration limits for Cu, Fe, Na, and S in ethanol. The Agilent 5110 SVDV ICP-OES was used for the determination of these elements following the specified regulations. The Synchronous Vertical Dual View (SVDV) capability allows for the axial and radial view emission from the vertical torch to be measured at the same time, in a single reading, over the entire wavelength range. This allows for excellent stability, sensitivity, linear range, and reduced instrument maintenance. Performance and results will also be presented for the analysis of biodiesel oil on the 5110 SVDV following ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 methods for the analysis of Na, K, Ca, Mg, S, and P.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #212


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Abstract # 213 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:15 PM - 7:15 PM - Room 381 C

Elemental Analysis of Distillate Products by ICP-MS

Mark Kelinske, ICP-MS Application Engineer
Agilent

Global regulatory methods are becoming integrated into standard analytical processes and are already being utilized by many labs worldwide. Analysis of volatile organic matrices for elemental composition have become routine, however, they require unprecedented interference removal capabilities in order to achieve unbiased results. In this presentation, we will present distillate data analyzed on the Agilent single quad 7900 ICP-MS, which was also further validated for accuracy by the Agilent 8800 ICP-QQQ with MS/MS capabilities.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #213


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Abstract # 214 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:45 PM - 7:45 PM - Room 381 C

Using the MS/MS Capabilities of the 8900 ICP-QQQ for Ultratrace Analysis of Sulfur, Silicon, and Low-Level Chlorine

Mark Kelinske, ICP-MS Application Engineer
Agilent

Elemental analysis by ICP-MS has advanced in recent years to allow the production of precise and accurate data for even heavy matrix samples.  This is achieved through careful control of interference removal by the collision/reaction cell technology(CRC).  However, heavy and complex matrices are still analytically challenging for data accuracy on many elements with complex interferences. In this presentation, we will focus on analysis of high interference-prone analytes such as sulfur, silicon, and chlorine.  Low-level quantification of these analytes is governed by the ability of the CRC to remove tough, persistent interferences.  Targeted chemical reaction, in combination with the MS/MS capabilities of the 8900 ICP-QQQ, allowed for ultratrace and trace level analysis of these historically difficult analytes.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #214


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Abstract # 220 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:30 AM - 5:30 AM - Room 380 A

Fully automated LPG & Gas analysis

Laurent Courthaudon, AlyTech
AlyTech

Gas & LPG analyses are becoming more and more demanded, and involve lower and lower levels.

LPG samples are known to be difficult and dangerous to handle. Most of the methods require a pressurization of the samples. Comparative methods also involve LPG calibration materials. These standards are normally expensive, difficult to manufacture and show a long delivery time.

This paper presents a fully automated method to analyze both gas and LPG samples, using only one gas standard. The accuracy of the analysis is based on a multipoint calibration process. Uncertainty figures on the final concentrations are also generated. This method complies with several ASTM and UOP methods. Among them is the ASTM D6667-10 method.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #220


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Abstract # 221 - Workshop
10/12/2016 - 8:30 AM - 11:30 AM - Room 381 B

Restek/Shimadzu Petrochem GC Applications Workshop

Jan Pijpelink, Restek; Jeff Werner, Shimadzu
Restek/Shimadzu

This workshop will provide an overview of various Petroleum Applications using Gas Chromatography.
Covered topics include Simulated Distillation, Refinery Gas Analysis, Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis, Various Gasoline applications and Light Hydrocarbon Analysis as well as a new analysis for Methanol in Natural Gas and LPG utilizing Shimadzu's unique Barrier Discharge Ion Detector (BID).
Shimadzu Gas Chromatographs in combination with dedicated Restek columns – designed, tested and guaranteed for the applications.

Workshop - Abstract #221


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Abstract # 223 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:55 PM - 8:55 PM - Room 370 F

Adding Value to Procurement through Vendor Aggregation

Bertie Werley, Bob Forte
Thermo Fisher Scientific

Procurement departments are challenged with competing objectives of improving service to constituents, leveraging technology to move purchasing decisions to end-users and managing an ever-increasing supplier base. New suppliers/products pop up daily with the promise of improving quality while reducing cost.

Providing a robust and effective means of aggregating suppliers creates demonstrable savings for industrial organizations. Process savings, as well as product cost savings from consolidated leverage, can be quantified and help Procurement and Research provide necessary value to their organizations. This presentation will outline Fisher Scientific's aggregation services and how we help reduce our customers' Total Cost of Acquisition.

Paper Presentation - Abstract # 223


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Abstract # 226 - Seminar
10/11/2016 - 2:30 PM - 8:30 PM - Room 370 D

New Toolset in Lab Quality with Auditability

Desiree Evans
Baytek International

Lab Quality Management isn't just quality anymore, it's compliance with ever expanding requirements, standards, and time-consuming, challenging audits.
Join Baytek International to learn about new tools for making Quality Compliance Audits integrated, intuitive, and instant.
Making compliance intuitive means quality tools are no longer limited to only a few members of the lab team; everyone in the lab is involved, allowing compliance and confidence to prevail.
Learn how innovation can automate the quality audit process and remove guesswork from the equation: use instant audit recall to know for certain processes and standards are followed and within compliance and click the button to generate the audit report to prove it.

Seminar Abstract #226


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Abstract # 227 - Paper
10/11/2016 - 4:30 PM - 10:30 PM - Room 380 B

CFC-free oil and grease measurement of aqueous samples

Christoph Wagner
eralytics GmbH

Measuring oil-in-water can be achieved by various methods ranging from gravimetry to infrared based techniques to gas chromatography. The preferred infrared technique from the past using an FTIR spectrometer measuring the CH stretching vibrations is nowadays withdrawn around the world. This is due to the fact that it needed CFC solvents for the extraction procedure which harm the ozone layer. Using a cyclic alkane such as cyclohexane, on the other hand, allows the measurement of the CH3 deformation vibration in an environmentally friendly solvent.
In this paper we present data from water samples spiked with different API gravity crude oils. The samples were first extracted using cyclohexane. The measurement of the extracts was then done using a newly developed measurement setup based on an optical filter in the mid-IR spectral region. Data for total oil and grease (TOG) and total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) values were recorded. TOG denominates everything that was extracted by cyclohexane whereas TPH values lack polar substances as they are removed by a filtration step using Florisil™ prior to the measurement.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #227


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Abstract # 228 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:30 PM - 8:30 PM - Room 370 D

Multi-zone Fast Temperature Controller for Gas Chromatography

Stanley D. Stearns, Huamin Cai, Matias Hochman, Dale Ashworth, Chris Bishop
Valco Instruments Co. Inc.

Temperature control is an important factor in high quality GC analysis. In a GC system the inlet, transfer lines, concentrator, trapper, column, and detector all need to be accurately temperature controlled. The most important of which is column temperature control. Ten years ago Valco developed resistively heat technology for column temperature control, which combines the heater and sensor in one wire. The new developments for this controller are (1) the expansion to multi-zone for other GC components needed, (2) the inclusion of a sensor import port (either RTD or thermal couple), and (3) capable of temperature program each zone simultaneously, or independently, regardless what kind of sensor is used, (4) smaller in size. These improvements integrate GC heating system in one small device, which are beneficial to the design of a small or portable GC. Besides benefits to the column there are other advantages to the use of fast temperature program. For example when the program transfer line temperature is the same as the column bundle temperature, the transfer line heat will not affect the column bundle temperature. The fast temperature program can also be used in inlet vaporizers for on-column injection, nano-valve injectors for reducing high boiler tailing and carry over, concentrators for absorb-release, and traps for reuse. In this presentation we will demonstrate some applications.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #228


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Abstract # 230 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:45 AM - 4:45 PM - Room 370 F

Moisture Contamination and its Effect on the Remaining Useful Life of Bearings: Determination and Analysis of Water Content in Lubricating Oils by RH Sensor

Doug Elliott, Quincy Biamonte, Garrett Rowe
Arizona Instrument LLC

Accurate control of moisture in lubricating oils is critical to keeping your machines running at their fullest potential. Failure to control moisture in lube oils and greases can result in excessive pitting, oxidation and particle contamination, which in turn increases friction on moving parts and decreases not just the performance of machinery, but the length of its useful life. For this reason, it is essential to routinely test your lubricating oils so that you can discover, correct and prevent moisture contamination before it develops into a more serious problem.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #230


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Abstract # 232 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 1:50 PM - 9:50 AM - Room 370 E

Product Pipeline Interface Detection by NIR Spectroscopy

Debra Hall, Susan J. Foulk and Terry R. Todd
Guided Wave Inc

Petroleum product pipelines deliver products efficiently to distribution terminals. Products are injected into the line in a sequential fashion creating an interface region in the form of a binary mixture that transitions from the initial product to the following product in an exponential fashion. The operator at the terminal must time the switching from the initial receiving tank to a slop tank and then to the second product tank without degrading the quality of either product and without creating too much expensive slop.
Near infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) can be used to detect and map the interface transition and also identify and classify the products as diesel or various grades of gasoline. An algorithm will be demonstrated that quantitatively detects the onset of the transition region and its completion. In addition, we will demonstrate how the product can be identified by statistical comparison to a library of known products. This approach can be implemented with a full spectrum analyzer or with a filter photometer.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #232


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Abstract # 233 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:30 PM - 3:30 PM - Room 370 F

A New Cloud-Based Compliance Tool for Mandatory Tier 3 Fuel Quality Control Programs

Chris L. Carolan
ASI Standards

New laboratory quality control and auditing platforms are helping comply with the EPA Tier 3 ASTM D6299 Statistical Quality Control charting and documentation requirements. This presentation will overview FuelSQC, a cloud-based statistical software platform that implements all of the required calculations, testing, and charting. The system enables maintenance of all needed compliance logs and audit reports for five or more years. Overall platform features examples of various PBMS testing results, quality control charts and documentation of corrective actions taken when a test method / apparatus is found to be out-of-control are presented.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #233


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Abstract # 234 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM - Room 380 B

Digestion of Petroleum Products and Lubricants in Less than 90 Minutes

Reynhardt Klopper
Anton Paar USA, Inc,

Petroleum products and lubricants are routinely analyzed for their elemental content in order to determine quality and value, but also to monitor and control catalyst fouling and corrosion in motors and boilers. There are several standard methods available for sample preparation prior to elemental analysis. However these methods are typically labor-intensive and inefficient.
The standard practice ASTM D7876 - which describes sample digestion via microwave heating - offers a modern and efficient sample preparation approach. To prove the suitability of microwave-assisted closed-vessel digestion, four different reference materials were digested and the results obtained were compared with conventional methods ASTM D5708, D4951, and D5185.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #234


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Abstract # 235 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 10:30 AM - 6:30 AM - Room 380 B

Update on a new ASTM performance based test method for determination of sulfur, chlorine, calcium, vanadium, iron and nickel in crude and residual oils using WD- and ED-XRF

Marco van der Haar, Taco van der Maten, Lieven Kempenaers
PANalytical

To bring maximal flexibility and freedom to operate to the refining community, ASTM International Committee D02 agreed to develop a performance based test method including commonly used multi-element XRF analysis technologies. As quantification of all mentioned elements has a large impact on pricing and refining operation, this test method could contribute a lot to your overall profit.
The background and status of this performance based method will be discussed and WD- and ED-XRF examples will be explained.Ranging from sample preparation, calibration to matrix corrections, this is a great chance to deepen your XRF knowledge using relevant examples.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #235


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Abstract # 236 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 2:10 PM - 10:10 AM - Room 370 E

How to reduce refinery corrosion while maximizing margins by using updated ASTM D4929 for opportunity crudes

Lieven Kempenaers, Marco van der Haar, Taco van de Maten
PANalytical, Inc.

As over 80% of the operating costs of a refinery operation are determined by the costs of crude oils, cheaper crude immediately translates into larger margins. Cheaper crudes or so-called opportunity crudes, almost always contain higher concentrations of corrosive compounds, hence these crudes have to be characterized properly to minimize the impact on the refining installation. Up to one third of refining maintenance can be related to corrosion related issues. As organic chlorine compounds can induce Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking, quantifying organic chlorines is important. ASTM testmethod D4929 describes an easy and internationally accepted test method for the chlorine determination. An update of D4929 for the determination of organic chlorines in crude and distillates will now include X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) to quick and easy determine the chlorine concentrations. An outline of the XRF part will be presented and an update of the ASTM test method D4929 will be given. Using a standardized method for fast and easy chlorine determination, refineries can better control and reduce corrosion while still being able to process lower value crude oils.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #236


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Abstract # 237 - Paper
10/12/2016 - 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Room 380 B

In-situ Chemistry: Using Hanby Chemical Reaction Spectrophotometry (CRS) to Provide Real-time Results Analyzing Hydrocarbons.

Charles D. Fator, President and CEO, E. Ray Oswalt, Chief Marketing Officer, Edward Ricco VP of Marketing and Strategy, Tim C. Large, Director of Sales and Lamar L. Lathon, Sale Representative
Hanby PetroAnalysis

This new revolutionary technology, provides in-situ (in field) real time analysis upon water or soil samples, drilling fluids and/or mud, produced and/or production water and can be performed on cuttings and/or core samples. The analysis provides real time information to make more informed real time decisions. Using chemistry in the field with immediate feedback allows for making adjustments that provide for better economics of wells and saves time and lowers costs in projects of remediation and monitoring. This new technology will provide a new paradigm shift in analytical chemistry by performing in the field as soon as the sample is taken.

Paper Presentation - Abstract #237


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Abstract # 238 - Training Course
10/12/2016 - 1:00 PM - 2:00 PM - Room 380 B

Introduction to Hanby TPH Field Test Kits for the Immediate Analysis of Water and Soil Samples and Introduction to Hanby Chemical Reaction Spectrophotometry (CRS) for Fingerprinting Hydrocarbons Real Time in the Field.

Charles D. Fator, President and CEO, E. Ray Oswalt, Chief Marketing Officer, Edward Ricco VP of Marketing and Strategy, Tim C. Large, Director of Sales and Lamar L. Lathon, Sale Representative
Hanby Environmental and Hanby PetroAnalysis

In this classroom type setting, we will provide live demonstrations of the products, to show the easy of use and the real time analysis that both The Hanby TPH Field Test Kits have been providing the world over for the last 30 years, along with demonstrate the New Technology; Hanby Chemical Reaction Spectrophotometry (CRS) performed by The Hydrocarbon ID.

Training Course - Abstract #238