2019 Oral Presentations

The following abstracts have been received and accepted for presentation at the 2019 Gulf Coast Conference. Additional submissions will be added to this list as they are received and accepted.

> View the 2018 presentations.

Abstract # 106 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:00 AM - 11:30 AM - Hibiscus Room

New Developments in Low Level Sulfur Measurement

Michael Pohl - HORIBA Instruments International, Scientific Division

New Low Sulfur Analytical Requirements

The permitted levels of sulfur in various fuel samples continues to drop due to EPA Regulations, creating a new series of challenges for the manufacturers of analytical instruments to solve. Most of these petroleum streams are relatively pure, but often additives are introduced which complicates the analysis. In these cases, the Limit of Detection of the method becomes a less challenging issue than the effects of interfering elements. Examples of these effects will be illustrated for real world samples run on commercially available instruments. These case-by-case examples will be discussed to illustrate possible solutions.

Abstract # 111 - Workshop
10/15/2019 - 8:20 AM - 10:20 AM - Hibiscus Room

The Pyrolysis Workshop

Terry Ramus, Ph.D - Diablo Analytical
Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America

Pyrolysis performed correctly is a valuable and easy to use sample introduction technique for GC and GC/MS.  It allows the user to characterize any solid or viscous organic materials that otherwise could not be analyzed by GC.  Learn when to use Evolved Gas Analysis, Thermal Desorption, Heart-Cutting, or Pyrolysis; all with the same system. Potential, new and existing users of Frontier Labs’ Multi-functional Pyrolyzer products are encouraged to attend. No prior experience needed.  

Topics: 
-Materials characterization “method map”: a formula for success.
-Applications: deformulation, polymers, additives, coatings, biomass, oil shale, quantitative methods.
-Data Review Tools: hands-on use of F-Search Software and MS Libraries.
-Maintenance and Discussion Sessions.

Abstract # 112 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 3:00 PM - 3:20 PM - Jasmine Room

The Analysis of Regulated Phthalates in a Complex Matrix using Thermal Desorption-GC/MS

Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America
Terry Ramus, Ph.D - Diablo Analytical
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories America

Phthalates are used as additives in plastic for many years to make them more flexible.  Several phthalates are regulated on a global scale, and several analytical techniques can be used for phthalates analysis.  Thermal Desorption (TD)-GC/MS is one of the easiest and most accurate methods for phthalate analysis. Recently manufacturers have switched formulations to include unregulated phthalates. Generally, phthalates are identified using both retention time and MS spectra. However, some unregulated phthalates have similar retention times and MS spectra, compared to regulated phthalates. This is the basis of existing ASTM and IEC methods for regulated phthalates by this technique.

Abstract # 113 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:20 AM - 10:40 AM - Hibiscus Room

Characterization of Hydrocarbons in Shale Rock Using Multiple Modes of Pyrolysis-GC/MS

Terry Ramus, Ph.D - Diablo Analytical
Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories America

Hydrocarbon-based petroleum continues to be the most cost-effective energy source. The importance of Rock Evaluation Pyrolysis and the presence of specific compounds in source rock is of immense significance in assessing the potential of a given play. Although some laboratories continue to solvent extract the sample before analysis, others have found thermal extraction of the source rock will often yield a faster more accurate determination of the organic content. This is because most organic material is not accessible via traditional liquid extraction. This work demonstrates the applicability of multiple modes of Pyrolysis-GC/MS without solvent extraction or sample pretreatment before analysis.  

Abstract # 114 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:40 AM - 11:00 AM - Hibiscus Room

Analysis and Characterization of Coals using Multiple Modes of Pyrolysis-GC/MS

Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America
Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories America

Analysis of coals for potential petroleum related content is of immense significance for fuel evaluation.  Pyrolysis-GC/MS is a very flexible technique which can be used sequentially in multiple modes to characterize different types of coals chemically. This presentation uses a range of PY-GC/MS application examples to illustrate the utility of information obtained from different PY-GC/MS modes of use. A strategic “method map” approach will be described utilizing multiple techniques such as Evolved Gas Analysis, thermal desorption, and flash pyrolysis using Pyrolysis GC/MS techniques to characterize the differences among three coal samples for comparative analysis.

Abstract # 115 - Training Course
10/15/2019 - 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM - Iris Room

Gas Chromatography Made Simple

Lee Polite - Axion Analytical Laboratories, Inc.

Gas Chromatography (GC) is one of the world's most popular analytical tools, yet very few people understand how it works.  Anyone can push buttons, but most analysts are not quite sure why they are pushing the buttons.  During this talk, we will unveil all of those mysteries and get you to understand how the underlying technology works.  The best kept secret is that GC is totally understandable.  By the end of this short course, not only will you understand how GC works, but you will also be very comfortable developing a GC method from scratch, including choosing the correct column length, diameter, film thickness, stationary phase, flow rate, inlet, detector, etc.

Abstract # 116 - Workshop
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

ASTM Compass Standards Portal

David de la Garza - ASTM International

ASTM Staff will provide a walkthrough of all of the tools and content that is available to you via your company's online subscription. We will demonstrate all of the content and features of the platform and address any questions you may have. Come learn about:

  • Access to the latest standards posted weekly to the ASTM website, eliminating the need to track and purchase standards published throughout the year.
  • Access to redline standards – Redlines are a quick and easy way to compare all the changes between the active standard and the previous version. With a redline you'll immediately see additions, deletions, and other changes between the two standards.
  • Access to historical and withdrawn standards – A historical standard is a version of an ASTM standard that has been superseded by a more current version. ASTM makes historical standards available for information purposes.
  • Ask the Expert - Send feedback notes or technical questions directly to the respective committee technical contact governing the standard. 
  • Access to work items – Work items are drafts of proposed new or revised standards being balloted.
  • The ability to save searches, bookmark standards and download to your workstation
  • Version Comparison – the ability to compare different versions of standars with color-coded changes for quick reference
  • Annotation Feature –  Quality Management can add notes to any section of active standards eliminating the need for equipment operation instructions to be maintained in separate SOPs. 

Abstract # 117 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:45 PM - 3:15 PM - Wisteria Room

Fast Analysis of Middle Distillates using Gas Chromatography – Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

Alex Hodgson - VUV Analytics, Inc
Jack Cochran - VUV Analytics, Inc

Middle distillates like jet fuel and diesel have strict requirements regarding aromatic content to reduce pollution and maximize engine life. The current referee method, ASTM D1319, is becoming unsustainable as remaining dye stocks wane. Current alternative methods include supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) spectroscopy is a relatively new GC detection methodology that can analyze jet fuel in less than 14 minutes and diesel in less than 20 minutes. Automated quantitation using time interval deconvolution (TID) can determine total mono- and di-aromatics for jet fuel and total mono-, di-, tri-, and tetra-aromatics for diesel.

Abstract # 121 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:45 PM - 3:15 PM - Jasmine Room

Hydrogen and Nitrogen as Carrier Gas Alternatives to Helium: Gas Chromatography – Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy of Hydrocarbon Groups and Select Compounds in Gasoline-Range Samples

Ryan Schonert - VUV Analytics
James Diekmann - VUV Analytics
Alex Hodgson - VUV Analytics
Jack Cochran - VUV Analytics

ASTM D3606 (benzene), ASTM D5599 (ethanol, oxygenates), and ASTM D5769 (benzene, toluene, total aromatics) gasoline tests typically require three dedicated GC systems, all using helium carrier gas, which is in short supply.  ASTM D8071-17, PIONA and oxygenates analysis with gas chromatography – vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy (GC-VUV), allows benzene, toluene, total aromatics, and ethanol, as well as other parameters, to be accomplished on one GC in less than 35 min.  

Helium use can be eliminated entirely by employing alternate GC carrier gases, such as hydrogen and nitrogen.  This presentation will demonstrate how using GC-VUV for the analysis of gasoline-range samples.

Abstract # 123 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 10:00 AM - 11:30 AM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

KEYNOTE SPEAKER - Portable Capillary Chromatography

Dr. Milton Lee - Brigham Young University

Most current chromatographic instrumentation has been designed for stationary use on a laboratory bench; however, this situation is rapidly changing as analysts become more interested in smaller systems, faster analysis and portability. Portability can merely provide easy movement within the laboratory to facilitate coupling to other instruments or apparatus, installation in a manufacturing facility, or transport to remote locations for field use, such as environmental monitoring. On-site analysis eliminates problems related to loss of sample integrity during transport and storage, and greatly reduces the time required for testing and reporting.

With respect to both gas chromatography (GC) and liquid chromatography (LC), electrical power usage, column robustness and interfacing, and minimization of consumables for compliance with green chemistry principles, have become the most difficult challenges, especially when the preeminent desire is to retain high chromatographic performance. Advances in resistive heating technologies and microchip column formats have been made to address requirements for portable GC, but interfacing and temperature uniformity can be a challenge. In LC, capillary columns packed with very small particles (i.e., In this presentation, advancements in portable GC, GC-MS, LC that have led to instrumentation that has recently been commercialized will be described. These include robust capillary column technologies for both GC and LC (open tubular, packed capillaries, and microchip columns), novel temperature programming techniques for high temperature GC, calibration and sampling for portable GC-MS, “plug-and-play” column cartridges for capillary LC, and serial LC column arrangements with dual-wavelength on-column UV-absorption detection for positive target analyte detection. Applications related to petroleum and fuels, environmental analysis, and process stream monitoring will be described.

Abstract # 126 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:30 AM - 12:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

The Importance of Sample Homogenization in Elemental Analysis of Organic Samples.

Jacob Herrington - Teledyne Cetac Technologies

A recent study of wear metals samples has emphasized the importance of properly homogenization after dilution.  Our new Oils 7400 Homogenizing Autosampler ensures that the best data quality is achieved on every sample by automatically mixing prior to analysis.   

Abstract # 131 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:25 AM - 9:45 AM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

Case Studies in Oil Spill Forensics: Finding Petroleum Biomarkers with GCxGC-TOFMS and a New Flow-based Modulator

Christina Kelly - LECO Corporation

Identifying and calculating relative ratios of the “molecular fossils,” chemical structures that are resistant to weathering and other forms of degradation, is crucial for differentiating various sources of crude oil.  Biomarkers from samples collected from various well-documented oil spills are compared and contrasted with analysis using a comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry system (GCxGC-TOFMS) equipped with a new, robust, and easy-to-use flow-based modulator. The second dimension of chromatographic separation provides the necessary peak capacity to separate different classes of compounds based on RDBE and polarity, allowing for clear resolution of saturated hydrocarbons from their heteroatomically substituted counterparts.

Abstract # 132 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:00 AM - 11:15 AM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

KEYNOTE SPEAKER - Cybersecurity-The New Frontier in Protecting Critical Infrastructure

Tyler Cohen Wood

The media is awash with seemingly daily reports of more and more serious cyber-attacks. We are losing the battle with cybersecurity and will continue to in the future unless we make critical and fundamental shifts in our processes and ways of thinking about the cybersecurity problem. With cyber-attacks already at a critical level, it’s important to understand specific active threats, who’s carrying them out, and how threats pertain to petrochemical critical infrastructure in all aspects. In this presentation, Tyler Cohen Wood will discuss current and future cyber-attack vectors and vulnerabilities that you need to know now. Through this presentation, the audience will have a greater understanding of the serious cyber threats posed to critical infrastructure, and measures that can be taken to best shield themselves against both current and growing cyber threats and vulnerabilities. Wood will use her unique expertise and storytelling style to empower the audience with knowledge of real cyber-attacks being enacted today, and what can be done about them. We’ll cover the current threat landscape and the ever-looming threat horizon of corporate cyber risk. We’ll also explore how the unique challenges of securing critical infrastructure, connected devices, and A.I. affect business cybersecurity.  At the end of the presentation the audience will have a close understanding of the main threat actors, the threats themselves and how to arm their businesses against them.

Topics For Discussion:

Cyber threat landscape for the petrochemical industry
Protection of data
Prevention
Tactics in the event of a breach

Abstract # 135 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:20 AM - 8:45 AM - Wisteria Room

Eraspec FT-IR_ Fuel Quality Parameters Correlation Studies.

Aaron Mendez - Ayalytical Instruments
Juan Ayala - AYALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS

Univariate methods of analysis are simple but do not readily handle interferences and matrix effects. Multivariate methods which relate results to several parameters are complex in calibration and application scope. They involve mathematical correlation of properties determined by other methods, so, many properties can be determined from a single experiment. Instruments are easy to use, consistent but difficult to validate against similar instruments. ERASPEC from Eralytics is rugged, robust and portable. Primarily it determines the overall absorption spectrum of the sample in the MID IR region, approximately from 450 to 6500 cm -1. After a Fourier transformation of the raw interferogram the spectrum is converted from time domain to frequency domain and plotted against absorption intensities. Since all hydrocarbon types absorb in the MID-IR in a characteristic manner, the absorption spectrum of bands and intensities that follow Beer’s Law can be integrated, compared to spectral data base and related to chemical composition, physical properties and product quality parameters. Only 10 mL of sample is required for the analysis that takes only 60 seconds to complete. ERASPEC, in a single experiment covers the determination of more than 60 sample quality parameters with high precision and high throughput. In this study a total of seven fuel quality parameters such as oxygenates, aromatics, olefins, octane, TAN and viscosity on real world samples have been correlated against classical ASTM standards.

Abstract # 140 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:30 PM - 1:00 PM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

Ten Plus Years of Ionic Liquid Capillary Column Development

Leonard Sidisky - MilliporeSigma (Supelco)
James Desorcie - Milliporesigma
Greg Baney - Milliporesigma
Kathleen Kiefer - Milliporesigma

Ionic liquid capillary columns were first introduced as commercial products around ten years ago. Over the years there have been numerous studies on these unique combinations of cations and anions that provide insights into the selectivity and stability of these interesting stationary phases. These phases have been demonstrated to provide very unique selectivity’s compared to traditional highly polar polysiloxane or polyethylene glycol based phases. Their selectivity is made possible due to the various combinations of cations and anions that are available along with spacer groups used to prepare these germinal dicationic phases. Columns prepared with di- or tricationic phases and newer phases that contain a PEG or branched chain alkyl linkage chain have the ability to perform many of the same applications as columns made with polysiloxane polymer or polyethylene glycol stationary phases of similar polarity, but with slight elution order changes. Many times this results in increased resolution and/or shorter run times. We are continuing the work on evaluating and developing new ionic liquids stationary phases and new applications with them. This presentation will provide a look back on some of the past developments with ionic liquid stationary phases while also updating current studies.

Abstract # 144 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

Single Dimensional and Multi Dimensional GC Approach to Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis

Ramkumar Dhandapani - Phenomenex

Complex samples including Petroleum hydrocarbons fractions requires detailed separation of individual class of organic compounds. A traditional GC approach for Detailed hydrocarbon Analysis or Speciation involves High efficient column dimension and longer GC column. Alternately, speciation can be performed using Multidimensional GC.  In the present work, GC approach using ZB-DHA-PONA column and GCxGC approach using 2 complimentary selectivity are considered. The 2D approach provides in depth separation of complex light, heavier hydrocarbons, oxygenates and FAMES. Due to high peak capacity in GCxGC, orthogonal selectivity of Zebron GC columns, complementary selectivity in both dimensions, effective separation of individual component can take place. This includes group separation of linear alkanes (n and iso-parafins),linear alkenes (olefins), cyclic alkanes, aromatics (one-ring teralin derivatives), Aromatics (one-ring, benzene derivatives), Aromatics (2-rings naphtalene derivatives), Aromatics (2-rings, dibenzene derivatives), Aromatic (3-rings), Aromatic (4-rings), Aromatic (5-rings), oxygenates and FAMEs in Aviation fuels. Different column combination including normal and reverse selectivity and different modulation including flow and cryo modulation were explored depending on the matrix and the application. End results demonstrated that High efficient dimension and choice of column selectivity are the key to achieve good chromatographic separation.

Abstract # 145 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:00 AM - 11:30 AM - Jasmine Room

Evaluation of Oxidized Base Oils by Flow Modulated Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography - Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry

Paul Harvath - Added Dimension Consulting
Christina Kelly - LECO Corporation
Joe Binkley - LECO Corporation
Lorne Fell - LECO Corporation

Customer expectations of longer lubricant durability continue to increase with new technologies such as EV and hybrid vehicles. Oxidation of base oil is a primary reason for lubricant failure. Three lubrication base oils (synthetic, group III, and group I) were oxidized via rotating pressure vessel oxidation technique (RPVOT) and then analyzed by a flow-modulated two-dimensional gas chromatograph coupled to a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (GCxGC- TOFMS). This preliminary work demonstrates identification of low-level oxidation products (acids, ketones and aldehydes), and links the timing of the oxidation product formation over the course of RPVOT testing to base oil type.

Abstract # 146 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 12:00 PM - 12:30 PM - Floral Hall A2

Streamline Your Laboratory Workflow with Thermo Scientific Chromeleon CDS Lunch will be provided

Gregory Whitaker - Thermo Fisher Scientific

In today's analytical laboratories the demand to increase throughput with fewer experienced analysts can be overwhelming.  Learn how Thermo Scientific Chromeleon CDS offers tools to simplify the analysis of your routine samples to efficiently achieve fast results with minimal user interaction.  Find out how Chromeleon's seamless integration with SampleManager LIMS can provide your laboratory with an integrated informatics solution, resulting in a fast, streamlined, automated workflow from sample to knowledge.  And find out how your Chromeleon system, whether a single workstation or a complex multi-site enterprise deployment, can provide maximum up-time and availability to ensure your lab keeps producing the results to keep your plant productivity high.

Abstract # 147 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:30 PM - 1:00 PM - Iris Room

Integrated Informatics: Real-time Evaluation of Results for Process Monitoring

Michael Garza - Thermo Fisher Scientific

One of the greatest ongoing challenges for the oil and gas and petrochemicals industries is the automation of laboratory data capture and analysis. While elimination or reduction of manual processes related to data management leads to considerable product quality improvements, these efforts can also improve compliance with increasingly complex industry guidelines and environmental regulations. Integration of systems such as LIMS with a CDS enables quicker evaluation of results for process monitoring to ensure that changes can be made in a timely manner before products are lost.   Thermo Scientific™ Chromeleon™ XPS Open Access software provides a streamlined, walkup interface enabling users to harness the full power of Thermo Scientific™ Chromeleon™ CDS with minimal training and effort. With an out-of-the-box direct Thermo Fisher™ SampleManager LIMS™ connection, Chromeleon CDS sets the industry standard for robustness in a networked environment and delivers secure multi-vendor instrument control. Learn how Chromeleon software continues to deliver superior laboratory and instrument support through comprehensive control of Thermo Scientific™ IC, GC, LC, MS and over 525 instruments from 20 manufacturers. Join us for our live demonstration.

Abstract # 148 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:45 AM - 9:15 AM - Wisteria Room

Metals Analysis in Petroleum Fractions: Implementation of ASTM Methods on MP-AES

Sima Singha - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

ASTM D5708/D5863/D7876 methods relate to the determination of metals such as iron, nickel, vanadium, and sodium in crude oils and residual fuels. Compared to FAAS and ICP techniques, MP-AES eliminates the need for expensive and flammable gases like acetylene and argon. This results in lower running costs, and safe, unattended operation. The N2 gas needed to generate the MP-AES plasma can be extracted directly from air using a nitrogen generator allowing onsite analysis in remote locations. MP-AES can be fitted with an External Gas Control Module (EGCM) that injects air into the plasma preventing carbon build-up in the torch.

Abstract # 149 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Wisteria Room

Implementing HT-SimDis-GC-ICP-MS in the Petrochemical Laboratory: How to Combine Several Workflows into One Method

Mark Kelinske - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Simulated distillation is a routine technique in the petrochemical industry to determine the yield distribution as a function of boiling point versus relative concentration.  While SimDis is traditionally used to determine the hydrocarbon fingerprint of a crude source, coupling this method with ICP-MS provides additional, valuable data for volatile metals present in addition to the traditional SimDis profile.  In this session we will discuss the coupling of GC to an ICP-MS for the analysis of volatile Ni and V metalloporphyrins.

Abstract # 151 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:45 AM - 10:05 AM - Wisteria Room

Using GC-VUV to Detect Methanol, FAME (Ester) Total, and Linolenic Acid Methyl Ester in 100% Biodiesel

James Diekmann - VUV Analytics

The popularity and interest in biodiesel are growing significantly in many areas of the world as an alternative for automobile fuels. Biodiesel is produced through the transesterification of vegetable oils and animal fats, producing fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), which requires a different set of standardized methods for quality control. EN-14103 and EN-14110 determine ester and methanol content using flame ionization detection. This study uses gas chromatography vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy to identify and quantity the FAMEs and methanol content in 100% biodiesel, providing an extra degree of certainty through spectral identification, unlike conventional techniques that solely rely on retention time.

Abstract # 154 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:20 AM - 9:00 AM - Iris Room

Micro Gas Chromatography. Gas analysis taken to a next level in speed, performance, usability and portability.

Coen Duvekot - Agilent Technologies

Micro Gas Chromatography is around for many years. It is all about "fast", "portable" and "small footprint" in multiple ways. In this lecture the introduction of a new Micro GC platform will be presented.

With this instrument, the term "Micro GC" is taken to a whole new level. Whether you are using it in the lab or out-of-lab the new instrument is designed to perform better and easier than its predecessor.

Enhancements will be presented in the following areas: ease of use, cost of ownership, portability/uptime etc.

Abstract # 155 - Training Course
10/14/2019 - 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Monday - Ivy Room l and ll - Moody Gardens Hotel

Lab Statistics Fundamentals Course Sponsored By Baytek International

Alex T. Lau - Baytek International - TCL Consulting

Precision Fundamentals

  • Overview of the Normal distribution and standard deviation concepts
  • Provide simple explanation on the meaning of test method repeatability (r), reproducibility (R), and site (system) precision (R')
  • How r & R are estimated using ILS
  • How r & R information is presented in ASTM test methods
  • Simple applications of r, R, R'

Bias Fundamentals

  • Various forms of Bias
  • Site Expected Value (SEV) & Accepted Reference Value (ARV)
  • Review ASTM Interlaboratory Crosscheck Program (aka Proficiency Testing) outputs
  • Bias assessment for a laboratory

Fee Includes

  • Course Materials
  • Certificate of Attendance
  • Lunch

For more information go to https://www.baytekinternational.com/training/lab-statistics-fundamentals-course or email training@baytekinternational.com

Early Bird Registration is $350 per person until August 31st. $500 Full-price Registration (This does not include GCC registration)

To Register Go To

https://www.baytekinternational.com/training/lab-statistics-fundamentals-course/92-university/116-eventregistration

Abstract # 156 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:00 AM - 10:50 AM - Tulip Room

FT-IR and Raman Microscopy Applications in Polymer Analysis

Cam MacIsaac - Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover the theory behind several spectroscopic techniques including Fourier transform Infrared technique. It will review what happens to molecules when they are exposed to the infrared. It will cover an overview of how spectra are recorded using the FT technique. It will also cover the theory behind several common IR sampling techniques and explore their usages.

Abstract # 157 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Tulip Room

Fundamentals of FT-IR and Raman Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis

Steve McQueen - Thermo Fisher Scientific

10:00 – 10:50: Microspectroscopic Sampling – FT-IR and Raman Microscopy

This workshop will highlight the advantages of using Infrared and Raman microscopy techniques in the analysis of micro-scale materials.   The presentation will illustrate various applications of both microscopy techniques and the advantages of each based on the type of materials being analyzed.

Abstract # 158 - User Group
10/15/2019 - 8:00 AM - 9:30 AM - Jasmine Room

ASTM D02.D Committee on Hydrocarbons for Chemical and Special Uses

George Gonzalez - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

The ASTM D02.D committee has agreed to conduct a stated meeting each year at Gulf Coast Conferenece. The purpose of this meeting is for non-member participation. This committee is interested in meeting with and listening to ASTM standards users. The meeting will be a formal ASTM meeting conducted within ASTM guidelines. Each committee section chairmen will provide an update of ongoing committee actions. Everyone is invited to attend and provide comments.

Abstract # 159 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:00 PM - 2:45 PM - Jasmine Room

Industry Trends in Workforce Development and Supporting Strategic Functions

Jennifer Donelson - Bureau Veritas
Daniel Groves - Construction User’s Round Table (CURT)
Jim Griffin - Assoc. Vice Chancellor & SVP at San Jacinto Colleg

In an environment where skilled labor is short, companies are looking at alternative ways to supplement their existing workforce.  The Oil & Petroleum industry experiences swings of flurried employment and heavy layoffs due to boom and bust markets.  The resultant job insecurity leads many skilled tradesmen and analysts to look outside this industry for gainful employment, even during boom markets.  We will discuss the efforts taken by industry leaders to stabilize the workforce through support of internal and external educational programs designed to increase the number and training for tradesmen, while streamlining headcount through outsourcing strategic, not core, corporate functions. 

Abstract # 160 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Hibiscus Room

Multi-Element Analysis of Petroleum Crude Oils using an Agilent 7900 ICP-MS and MicroMist Nebulizer

Mark Kelinske - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

In this work, we will explore the use of the MicroMist nebulizer in the analysis of crude oils and petrochemical distallates for elemental analysis.  We will discuss sample and standard preparation, instrument configuration, and interference mitigation.  

Abstract # 161 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

Direct Elemental Analysis of Gasoline using Agilent 5110 ICP-OES and IsoMist Temperature Controlled Spray Chamber

Sima Singha - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Trace metals in gasoline are not only a major source of environmental pollution they can also cause automotive engine failures. ICP-OES is often used for the elemental analysis in petroleum products due to its reliability, robustness, and sensitivity. However, high volatility of gasoline can affect the stability of signal and lead to carbon build up on the torch that may cause the plasma to extinguish. A programmable temperature-controlled spray chamber (IsoMist) was used to reduce vapor loading of gasoline and oxygen was added to reduce carbon soot on the torch, maintaining a stable plasma and a clean sample introduction system.

Abstract # 162 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 3:00 PM - 3:30 PM - Hibiscus Room

Increased Sample Throughput for High-resolution ICP-OES Applied to ASTM Methods

Siqi Sun - Analytik Jena US LLC

The determination of metal concentration in petroleum products is very important for transportation, machinery, and utility industries. A rapid, sensitive, simple and multi-elemental ICP-OES method is then highly demanded, especially for laboratories that implement ASTM Standard Test Method. The application of the Niagara Rapid Rinse System to the analysis of petrochemical samples, such as fuel, lubricating and crude oils, is presentenced. All the samples are directly diluted without any sample pretreatment. The potential benefits of this method are numerous and include: easy sample preparation, increased throughput, reduced memory effects, lower sample consumption increased long-term stability and repeatability. 

Abstract # 163 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:45 AM - 9:15 AM - Hibiscus Room

How the Ultra-Efficient Multiwave 7000 is Making Microwave Sample Preparation Safer for the Petrochemical Industry

Lauren Urban - Anton Paar USA

The Multiwave 7000 combines the first developed pressurized cavity with modern, well-engineered microwave technology, representing a new level of microwave digestion. With the novel pressurized digestion cavity (PDC), temperatures up to 300 °C and pressures up to 199 bar can be achieved safely. This ensures complete digestions of even the most challenging samples often found in the petrochemical industry. The Multiwave 7000 offers the ability to use a higher sample size, allowing for better detection limits, superior safety and greatly increases the efficiency over traditional sample preparation methods, which are commonly used in the petrochemical industry, such as dry/wet ashing.

Abstract # 164 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:30 PM - 3:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

From Balance to Analysis: Introducing a New Disposable Glass Liner for Microwave Digestion

Bob Lockerman - CEM Corporation

Microwave digestion is a popular and well-established sample preparation technique for trace metals analysis.   In order to further increase the productivity of microwave digestion CEM is pleased to introduce Disposable Glass Vessels, the latest breakthrough in microwave sample preparation for trace metals analysis. These vessels eliminate the time consuming task of vessel washing and eliminate risk of cross contamination. Samples are weighed directly into the glass insert and digested samples can be diluted in the glass insert prior to analysis eliminating transfer steps. The glass insert is then disposed of, eliminating vessel washing. It is the perfect accessory for digesting samples including: environmental, foods, feeds/fertilizers, and more. From balance to analysis, your trace metals sample preparation is improved.

Abstract # 166 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:30 PM - 1:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

Analysis of Oils: Understanding Chemical Stability and Matrix Effects

Elizabeth Sherburne - LGC/VHG

Analysis on new and used wear-metals oil samples encounter several common issues; determining 30+ important metals by ICP in hydrocarbon matrices, application variables (matrix-matching, metallo-organic standards composition, time between preparation/analysis, etc.) must be minimized (ICP being more sensitive to factor variability).Our experience shows evaluating the individual metal and overall blend is required for elucidating oil/solvent applications. Many metals are relatively “well-behaved”, others produce determination issues; boron’s known analysis challenges relate to elemental form, specific solvent dilution(s), and storage conditions. Our presentation shares impact data of these factors, and discusses the solution-phase chemistry of metallo-organic stock blends with improved analyses.

Abstract # 167 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Hibiscus Room

Novel Techniques for the Determination of Silicon in Fuels and Lubricants

Anthony Palermo - PerkinElmer

The analysis of silicon in organic based samples via inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICPMS) comes with its challenges. In this talk we will review some of the challenges of this analysis and how to overcome them using multiple interference removal techniques.  The major interferences for 28Si are 12C16O, 14N2, and 27Al1H.  Each of these were investigated as well as sample preparation precautions and stability of the dilute and shoot method with either kerosene and/or xylene as the diluent.

Abstract # 168 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:15 AM - 8:45 AM - Hibiscus Room

Elemental Analysis of Crude Oils, Refined Fractions, and Fuels by ICP-OES

Andrew Fornadel - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

Elemental analysis of crude oils, refined fractions, and fuels is essential to assessing their value, performance, evaluating the efficiency of the refining process, validating the concentration of additives, and judging the wear properties of mechanical devices. ICP-OES has enjoyed widespread use for elemental analysis of oils and fuels. We will discuss methods for oils and fuels by ICP-OES and their importance. Additionally, we will demonstrate the applicability of ICP instrumentation to these methods as well as associated sample introduction components necessary for analysis. Special attention will be paid to the sample introduction components, the selection of which is critical.

Abstract # 170 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:00 PM - 1:30 PM - Hibiscus Room

ICP-OES Solutions for Difficult Organic and Aqueous Sample

Mike Mourgas - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) is widely used in the petrochemical industry for the analysis of trace elements in upstream, midstream and downstream processes.  In the extraction process, trace elements are measured in drilling mud compounds, produced waters and crude oil.  In the refining process, the presence of trace metals can cause equipment corrosion and catalyst poisoning, hence, the analysis of elemental contaminants is important to help prevent corrosion of equipment, to confirm the performance of expensive catalysts and ensure the quality and purity of final oil and gas products used in a variety of industries. Furthermore, lubricating oils from large machinery must also be tested for wear metals, contaminants and additive elements as a diagnostic tool to schedule preventive maintenance before lost profits occur due to unscheduled maintenance and downtime. The samples to be tested for trace elements from these processes are considered “difficult” in ICP-OES analysis due to their high levels of salts, suspended solids and carbon and physical properties, such as viscosity and volatility, all of which cause physical, chemical and spectral interferences.  Analytical methods must be optimized to tackle these interferences in order to obtain the accurate results as default aqueous methods are not suitable.  In this presentation, we will discuss the tools and technologies available to optimize ICP-OES methods for the analysis of difficult petrochemical samples and provide examples on how these tools and technologies were applied for the analysis of high salt samples, lubricating oils and other organic samples.

Abstract # 171 - Seminar
10/16/2019 - 8:00 AM - 3:30 PM - Hibiscus Room

Advances In Trace Metals Analysis

Justin Masone - Glass Expansion

8:00 AM - Introduction: Glass Expansion

8:15 AM - Elemental Analysis of Crude Oils, Refined Fractions, and Fuels by ICP-OES - Shimadzu - Abstract #168

8:45 AM - How the Ultra-Efficient Multiwave 7000 is Making Microwave Sample Preparation Safer for the Petrochemical Industry - Anton Paar - Abstract #163

9:15 AM - Novel Techniques for the Determination of Silicon in Fuels and Lubricants - PerkinElmer - Abstract #167

10:00 - 11:30 - Morning Break  For Keytnote

11:30 - 12:30 - Lunch Break

12:30 PM - Analysis of Oils: Understanding Chemical Stability and ICP Matrix Effects - LGC Standards - Abstract #166

1:00 PM - Improving the Determination of Trace Elements in Oils and Related Products - Thermo Fisher - Abstract #170

1:30 PM - Direct Elemental Analysis of Gasoline using Agilent 5110 ICP-OES and IsoMist Temperature Controlled Spray Chamber - Agilent - Abstract #161

2:00 PM - Multi-Element Analysis of Petroleum Crude Oils using an Agilent 7900 ICP-MS and MicroMist Nebulizer - Agilent - Abstract #160

2:30 PM - From Balance to Analysis: Introducing a New Disposable Glass Liner for Microwave Digestion - CEM - Abstract #164

3:00 PM - Increased Sample Throughput for High-resolution ICP-OES Applied to ASTM Methods - Analytik Jena - Abstract #162

3:30 PM - Gasoline and IsoHexane Analysis for Ultra-Low S and Cl by ICP-OES Using a Volatile Organic system (IsoMist-MicroMist) - Spectro Ametek - Abstract # 213

Abstract # 172 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM - Tulip Room

Spectral Interpretation and Problem Solving with Molecular Spectroscopy

Dr. Robert Jones - Thermo Fisher Scientific

This talk will give an overview of FT-IR interpretation by focusing on several common functional groups. It will cover major hydrocarbons including aliphatic, olefinic and aromatic groups. Additionally, it will discuss carbonyl groups like esters, ketones and carboxylic acids. It is designed to give an understanding of commonly seen infrared bands and to help better understand infrared data.

Abstract # 173 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:30 PM - 4:00 PM - Tulip Room

Omnic Spectroscopy Software Tutorial for FT-IR and Raman

Cam MacIsaac - Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover Omnic software, the popular platform for running Thermo Fisher FT-IR, FT-NIR, and Raman spectrometers. A live software demonstration will be given to highlight features of Omnic, which will include collection of data from a working spectrometer. A live demonstration of TQ software will be given illustrating FTIR, FT-NIR and Raman quantitative and qualitative methods. Suggestions will be given on how to diagnose chemometric methods to ensure they accurately predict. Some pitfalls will be covered to avoid improperly modeled methods.  In addition, an overview of Macros/Basic automated workflow software will be given. This software is designed to build pre-program quantitative predictions. The Macros language can also automate many other software functions, like basic kinetic routines.

Abstract # 174 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - 8:30 AM - 3:00 PM - Floral Hall A1

Agilent Seminar

Jason Cherney - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

8:30 AM - 8:45 AM - AGILENT INFORMATICS BREAKFAST WORKSHOP SOCIAL

8:45 AM - OpenLab Unifies ASTM Reporting - Abstract # 175

9:30 AM - Connecting Your Chromatography Data Systems to “ANY” LIMs: No Problem - Abstract # 176

AGILENT WORKSHOP

10:00 AM - Mass Spectrometer Designed for Non-MS Experts - Abstract # 177

Break - 10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

10:45 AM - Tips and Tricks for ICP-MS and ICP-OES - Abstract # 178

11:30 AM - Rapid Elemental Analysis in Petrochemical Samples using an AVS7 Switching Valve on ICP-OES - Abstract # 179

Lunch Break - Noon - 1:00 PM

AGILENT ICP-MS USER GROUP MEETING

2:00 PM - ICP-MS User Group Meeting - Abstract # 180

Abstract # 175 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:45 AM - 9:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

OpenLab Unifies ASTM Reporting

Kathleen O'Dea - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

In meeting today's demands of ASTM reporting such as ASTM D5769, ASTM D5504, ASTM D5623, ASTM D7423, ASTM D6379, GPA 2177, 2261, 2186, and 2286.  Agilent’s Intelligent Reporting utilized in all Agilent OpenLab CDS products provides a simple solution for reporting requirements and complex calculations to meet ASTM and all of your reporting needs. 

Abstract # 176 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

Connecting Your Chromatography Data Systems to “ANY” LIMs: No Problem

Kathleen O'Dea - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Agilent OpenLab CDS software not only controls your instruments, but interfaces with LIMs from sending results to LIMs and accepting a worklist from any LIMs system.  Combined with OpenLab CDS , you can get results faster, simple sample review, and even pass/fail notification.  Agilent OpenLab CDS and Sample Scheduler provides the solution for your chromatography and LIMs interface.

Abstract # 177 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:00 AM - 10:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

Increasing MS Productivity: A “Self-Driving” Mass Spectrometer Designed for Non-MS Experts

Sue D'Antonio - Agilent Technologies, Inc

We will describe new “self-driving” capabilities of MS in data acquisition, analysis and diagnostics, and open-access software that allow new users to quickly obtain meaningful insights with minimal experience and training. In addition, the simplicity of MassHunter WalkUp software will be demonstrated for the open access lab with several examples of API’s comparing brand vs generic and the workflow from sample submission to emailing of resulting reports.

Abstract # 178 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:45 AM - 11:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

Tips and Tricks for ICP-MS and ICP-OES

Mark Kelinske - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

In this interactive session, the Agilent ICP-MS and ICP-OES experts will discuss proper instrument maintenance and troubleshooting to keep your instrumentation operating at peak performance.  Come learn tips and tricks from the experts themselves. 

Abstract # 179 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:30 AM - 12:00 PM - Floral Hall A1

Rapid Elemental Analysis in Petrochemical Samples using an AVS7 Switching Valve on ICP-OES

Sima Singha - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

The determination of metals in biodiesel, crude/fuel oils by ICP-OES is a well-established technique, especially for laboratories that implement ASTM methods. The Agilent 5110 ICP-OES takes the analysis to a new level of performance, particularly in terms of robustness, speed of analysis and reduced running costs. In this study, the 5110 was fitted with an Agilent SPS4 autosampler and an AVS7 switching valve which greatly improved productivity by reducing sample uptake, stabilization and washout times without compromising accuracy, precision, and long-term stability. With the faster sample run times, less argon is used, leading to significant savings for high throughput labs.

Abstract # 180 - User Group
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Floral Hall A1

ICP-MS User Group Meeting

Mark Kelinske - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

In this user group session, we will discuss recent Agilent ICP-MS software improvements and have a group discussion.  We want to hear directly from ICP-MS users. Come learn from your peers and make your voice heard. 

Abstract # 181 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:00 AM - 8:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

Helium Carrier Gas – Meeting the Shortage with Conversion and Conservation

James McCurry - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Helium supply problems and price increases have again impacted analytical chemists’ ability to run high resolution gas chromatography methods. Until new sources of helium can be found, laboratories can continue operation by combining two techniques; conversion to alternative carrier gases and conservation of helium resources. This presentation will discuss when and how to use alternative carrier gases and when helium is required, new technologies to continue helium use with automated conservation.

Abstract # 182 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:00 AM - 9:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

GC/MS Analysis of Aromatics in Gasoline using ASTM D5769: Set-up, Optimization, and Automated Reporting

James McCurry - Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Kelly Beard - Agilent

The unavailability of fluorescence dye has impacted the widely used D1319 method for determining total aromatics in reformulated gasoline. To remain in compliance with EPA regulations, many labs are considering the more complex D5769 GC/MS method for total aromatics analysis. This presentation will offer best practices for setting up, optimizing, and running this method on a new, cost effective GC/MS system. Data analysis approaches will also be discussed with emphasis on a new system for automated reporting of results.

Abstract # 183 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

Optimizing and Maintaining ASTM Method D7845 for the Analysis of Chemical Contaminates in Marine Fuel Oil

James McCurry - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

ASTM method D7845 is scoped to measure 30 different chemical contaminants in marine fuel oil. Due to the challenging nature of this matrix, care must be taken to both find and quantify these compounds while maintaining up-time for the instrument. In this presentation will discuss techniques to enhance chromatographic resolution and speed, reduce matrix interference, and improve sample preparation and calibration.

Abstract # 184 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:30 AM - 11:00 AM - Floral Hall A2

Determination of Total Fluorine, Chlorine, and Sulfur in Liquified Petroleum Gas by Pyro-Hydrolytic Combustion Coupled with Ion Chromatography

Terri Christison - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Adelon Agustin - COSA Xentaur
Jeffrey Rohrer - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Fluorine, chlorine, and sulfur are a concern in LPG. Pyro-hydrolytic combustion coupled with ion chromatography (CIC) is an ideal approach to eliminate the sample matrix and increase sample homogeneity. Total fluorine, chlorine, and sulfur in LPG were determined by pyro-hydrolytic combustion at 900 °C and absorbed in 50 mg/L peroxide solution. The resulting ions were separated by anion-exchange chromatography using an electrolytically generated hydroxide gradient at 0.3 mL/min and detected by suppressed conductivity. The method had good precision and sensitivities. The calibration curves were generated using incremental combustions of one standard. CIC allows an automated safe analysis of LPG samples.

Abstract # 185 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:30 AM - 9:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

10 Ways to Easy GC

Ian Eisele - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Old habits can be hard to break and we all get used to doing things the way they’ve always been done. If you can relate, then this is the presentation for you as we present at least 10 ways to smooth the bumps and lumps out of your daily work load. Intelligent GC systems feature many quick and easy steps you can take to streamline your daily workload, alleviate stress, increase productivity, improve business outcomes and have a better relationship with your GC. Some of these are as easy as pushing a button and while some may take a bit more time to set up – they’ll save time on the backend – helping you improve your 'on time arrival’ rate at home!

Abstract # 187 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:20 PM - 3:05 PM - Iris Room

Data Defensibility - Best Practice for Traceability and Records

Jeanne Mensingh - Labtopia

Data defensibility has always been important in the regulated world.  Record keeping practices have become more important as laboratories seek accreditation with ISO 17025 or are required to comply with environmental requirements (EPA, TNI, State Regulations).  This seminar will provide best practices for record keeping and the importance of measurement traceability for the captured and commercial laboratory.  Participants will understand the key components for the historical reconstruction of data, the importance of recording information to help with troubleshooting results, and an assessor’s viewpoint on laboratory records.

Abstract # 189 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:30 AM - 12:00 PM - Floral Hall A2

Modern, Fast, Accurate, and Reliable Petrochemical Analysis by UHPLC

Nicholas Santiago - Thermo Fisher Scientific

ASTM D6379-11: Det. Of Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Jet Fuel & Petroleum Distillates ASTM D1319 determines saturates, olefins, and aromatics in petroleum samples, including those in the gasoline-range, of fluorescent dyes, followed by solvent elution to separate the saturates, olefins, and aromatics, as well as the dyes.  Dye boundaries on the silica column, noted by ultraviolet light, are used to mark the appropriate fractions.  The length of each fraction is representative of its volume percent in the original sample. As you might imagine for a low-efficiency silica adsorption-column, the “cuts” between fractions are not clean, so some olefins, like dienes, are split between the aromatics and olefins, which can bias results.  In addition, improper packing of the silica column or incomplete elution of the aromatics can produce errors.  Another potential problem with ASTM D1319 is contained in the following method footnote: “The sole source of supply of the standard dyed gel known to the committee at this time is produced by UOP, LLC…”.  If the dye fails to properly indicate the fractions or becomes unavailable… not good. If it is required to also analyze for the poly-aromatic hydrocarbon content (tri+) for ASTM D6591 (IP391), a switching valve would be added to the system, which also cleans the column in a backflush configuration.  

Abstract # 191 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:30 PM - 1:55 PM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

New autonomous MEMS-based VOC analyzer enables continuous real-time monitoring of BTEX gases.

Sassan Teymouri - Omniscent

Omniscent’s MEMS technology and real-time analytics are creating a new generation of VOC analyzers for companies and communities that need to measure BTEX gases. The new micro GC systems are ushering in a new era of VOC monitoring: autonomous, continuous real-time monitoring and actionable insights, portable, cloud – based monitoring and management, fast and easy deployment in a broad set of geographies. The technology enables VOC speciation and detection at ppb levels without requiring carrier gas or operator intervention. Solutions are available as either standalone systems or Sensing- as-a-Service. Target markets include industrial, refineries, petrochemical, seaports, wastewater treatment, and urban and rural communities.  

Abstract # 193 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:00 AM - 8:20 AM - Wisteria Room

New Applications in Fenceline Monitoring

Jesse Miller - Camsco

Fenceline Monitoring via passive samplers is a robust, highly sensitive and accurate monitoring technique. While Fenceline Monitoring is best known for Method 325 (Refinery Fenceline Monitoring), this technology is now used in a wide variety of new monitoring applications. We will discuss the history, equipment used (Thermal Desorption, Sampling or Sorbent Tubes) as well as current real-world scenarios, other than refineries, utilizing Fenceline Monitoring.

Abstract # 194 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:00 AM - 8:20 AM - Hibiscus Room

An Example of Hybrid: UHRMS and Software Data Processing for Crude Oil Fractionation

Junho Jeon - Dow Inc.
Tony Gies - Dow Inc.
Bill Winniford - Dow Inc.
Praveenkumar Boopalachandran - Dow Inc.
Daniel Baugh - Dow Inc.
Anna Leal - Dow Inc.

 Ultra-high resolution mass spectrometry (UHRMS) has been reshaping the fundamentals of characterization in highly complex mixture analysis. The measurement of m/z with high resolving power unambiguously determines molecular formulae and isotopic signatures of unknowns within few ppm level mass accuracy. However, the increase of confidence level in this new technique requires cross-validation with conventional methods to evaluate the identification accurately. The characterization of crude oil fractionation using the combination of Orbitrap FUSION LUMOS and PETROORG software package presents an example of this type of analysis. Due to the nature of the sample complexity, the measurement of N, O, & S and any possible combined species was a major goal along with the distributions in selected m/z ranges using von Krevelen plot and Kendrick plots for the visualization of differences. Also, assisted by elemental analysis, NMR, MS/MS and FTIR, the result provided the correlation between the scan mode MS data and the composition of heterogeneous species. This approach enables quick turn-around and insights of structure and physical/chemical properties from a single sample run in time-efficient way.

Abstract # 195 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:50 AM - 10:15 AM - Orchid Room

GC Analysis of oxygenates in Fischer-Tropsch gasoline and GCxGC applications using a JAS third generation atomic emission detector (AED III)

chen-shi huang - JAS Americas Inc.

Analysis of oxygenates in Fischer-Tropsch by GC is challenging because of low concentrations and lack of detectors capable for the low concentration with adequate selectivity. AED is a promising tool, particularly with the recent developement of the JAS AED III which promises a lower detection limit than the earlier version of AED. In this presentation, characterization and optimization of detection limit, selectivity, stability and application to the detectermination of oxygenates in F-T gasoline will be discussed. In addition, since  AED III is capable of 100Hz data acquisition, GCxGC application using an agilent flow modulated GCxGC will also be presented.

Abstract # 196 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:05 AM - 10:25 AM - Wisteria Room

Innovative GCxGC software for fast characterization of petrochemicals

Matthew Edwards - SepSolve Analytical
Laura McGregor - SepSolve Analytical
Nick Bukowski - SepSolve Analytical
Joe Blanch - SepSolve Analytical

Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GCxGC) has been proven to be an ideal platform for the analysis of complex mixtures, but the data processing aspect has a reputation as being difficult and time-consuming. GCxGC data exploration, filtering and mining need not be complex, and can be implemented in an environment that is based on classical peak detection algorithms and chromatographic rules.   Here we will demonstrate simple yet effective GCxGC data processing for a range of file types, proving that this technique can be a productive contributor to any high-throughput laboratory, by enabling sophisticated peak merging, flexible data navigation and streamlined workflows

Abstract # 198 - Training Course
10/16/2019 - 2:10 PM - 2:50 PM - Daffodil Room

Chlorine in Catalyst by XRF Best Practices and Petra MAX Calibration Curve Setup

Leslie Johnson - XOS
Bridget Chartrand - XOS

Join an XOS Applications Scientist for a training course to discuss chlorine in catalyst sample preparation and calibration curve setup on Petra MAX.  Sample preparation is key when measuring chlorine in catalyst samples by XRF.  Unlike finished fuel products, catalyst is non-homogenous, and proper sample preparation will ensure better measurement precision and accuracy.  This training course will discuss best practices for sample prep and will show users how to set up a catalyst calibration curve on Petra MAX.

Abstract # 199 - Training Course
10/15/2019 - 2:30 PM - 3:25 PM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

An Introduction to Petra AutoSampler and NEW Software Version 2.2.

Bridget Chartrand - XOS
Leslie Johnson - XOS

Join an XOS Applications Scientist for a training course to explore Petra’s new software features as well as how to use the autosampler. The Gen4 software offers exciting new features such as the ability to calibrate for multiple elements (not just Sulfur) and the capability of averaging.  In this training course, we will review the Gen4 software features, how to use the autosampler, and an overview of Petra best practices.

Abstract # 200 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:30 AM - 9:40 AM - Tulip Room

Good Titration Practices for Petrochemical Analysis

Matt Eby - Mettler Toledo

From the ground to the engine of a vehicle, the quality control of petrochemicals is critical in every stage of the process. Water sensitivity of petrochemicals as well as their non-aqueous solubility requires special handling of the samples and specific sensors and solvents used in their analysis. This Good Titration Practice of Petrochemicals offers knowledge and tips to assist you in optimizing your oil and fuel analysis regarding TAN, TBN, Mercaptan and Karl Fischer Titration.

Abstract # 201 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM - Tulip Room

Good Karl Fischer Titration Practices and Chemistry

Matt Eby - Mettler Toledo

Since its introduction, Karl Fischer titrators, sampling apparatus and chemistry are ever evolving. Learn the basic chemistry, side reactions (and how to avoid them), and science of Karl Fischer titration as well as recent product innovations to aid your analysis. Optimization and good troubleshooting practices, specifically for the Petrochemical business, will also be explained.

Abstract # 203 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 2:45 PM - Wisteria Room

Good Density Measurement Practices and Theory

Matt Eby - Mettler Toledo

Dependable and accurate analysis of the density, specific gravity and API gravity of petrochemicals and chemicals starts with a strong understanding of today's digital density meters and good quality control measures. This brief presentation will cover the theory and operation of a density meter as well as proper QC, adjustment and troubleshooting practices.

Abstract # 208 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:00 AM - 11:30 AM - Floral Hall A2

Developing and Optimizing Gradient Separation Methods in Ion Chromatography

Kirk Chassaniol - Thermofisher Scientific

Many complex separations in ion chromatography can be improved through the use of gradients for better speed and resolution.  In this workshop we will present the fundamental parameters to be considered when creating and implementing gradient methods. In addition to column types and mobile phase compostion we will discuss detector options available to the analyst.

Abstract # 210 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:25 AM - 10:50 AM - Wisteria Room

Live crude analysis using ASTM D8003

Chris Goss - InnoTech Alberta
Lee Marotta - PerkinElmer
Leeman Bennington - PerkinElmer

Live crude oil can be challenging to analyze because sample depressurization can result in loss of highly volatile components, compromising sample integrity.  Thus, analysis methods where the sample has been exposed to the atmosphere, will provide a light ends content (c1 to C4) that is biased low (ASTM D7900, D2887, D2887, DHA).  To address these challenges, ASTM D8003 was developed with the use of a Heated Pressurized Sample Injection System (HPLIS) that injects from a pressurized sample cylinder.  An overview of the method and some pointers after five years of use.     

Abstract # 211 - Training Course
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 3:15 PM - Iris Room

Titration Tips and Hints

Tore Fossum - Tor Systems

Brush up on titration technology and technique.  After 40 years of training and teaching chemists and technicians the fundamentals of instrumental titration, Tore presents the basic things to get right to be sure your results are accurate.  
- Is the electrode good?  How does it work?  How is it maintained?  
- Is the titrant strength known?  How good are the numbers?  What about the burette tolerance?
- Is the endpoint correct?  Is it by pH or potential, or is it to an inflection?  How is the inflection defined?  Are there more than one?  
- Is the calculation correct?  Molecular or equivalent weight?  

Abstract # 212 - Training Course
10/16/2019 - 12:30 PM - 1:45 PM - Tulip Room

Titration Detection Technologies

Tore Fossum - Tor Systems

Explore sensor techniques to determine results with titration.  Here we will explore the various useful detection techniques used for titration, and how they may be applied to your samples.  
- Glass pH electrodes:  What to look for in a glass electrode for non aqueous titrations.
- Titrate redox with platinum, silver or gold electrodes.
- Determine chloride, bromide, iodide and sulfide with silver electrodes
- Where to use a conductivity sensor for rugged detection.
- How to use a thermometric sensor.  Where is it useful?  
 

Abstract # 213 - Paper
10/16/2018 - 3:30 PM - 4:00 PM - Hibiscus Room

Gasoline and IsoHexane Analysis for Ultra-Low S and Cl by ICP-OES Using a Volatile Organic system (IsoMist-MicroMist)

Dion Tsourides - Spectro Ametek

Trace elements contained in gasoline, particularly chlorine and sulfur, can harm the environment, the engine and the catalytic converter. The amounts of organometallic additives in gasoline are limited in many countries. ICP-OES has proven to be a powerful and efficient method for elemental analysis in fuels. We will explore the ability to measure sulfur and chlorine at ultra trace levels (sub-ppm) using a unique ICP-OES optical system capable of meauring down to 130nm coupled with a High Volatile Organic introduction system (Isomist) with little or no dilution.

Abstract # 214 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:20 PM - 1:50 PM - Iris Room

LIMS: The Backbone to Your Quality Management System (QMS)

Steve Wesson - Accelerated Technology Laboratories

Today’s LIMS provide laboratories with functionality that extends well beyond sample testing and tracking. A modern LIMS should be the backbone of the laboratory’s QMS, offering support for regulatory compliance.

A strong QMS starts with the ability to store and secure data that has been produced and validated with proper COC, QA/QC, traceability and a complete audit trail. The typical LIMS will provide this functionality, but an ideal QMS should also address at a minimum: The major requirements found in ISO 17025, including:  Structural Requirements, Resource Requirements, Process Requirements and Management System Requirements.

This presentation will show how a LIMS can be used as the backbone of a lab’s QMS system, specifically looking at ISO 17025:2017.

Abstract # 216 - Training Course
10/16/2019 - 1:10 PM - 2:10 PM - Daffodil Room

Automated Color Measurements utilizing Optical fiber probes for UV/VIS

Kyle Schilling - Mettler Toledo

Petrochemicals can be transparent or translucent, and are preferably measured using a transmittance instrument.  Due to the high volume of samples and consistent need of testing, an automated and accurate way of measuring is most beneficial.  The use of fiber optic technology within UV/VIS spectroscopy offers benefits compared to conventional, cuvette methods due to the elimination of inefficient, error-prone sample transfer, time-consuming cleaning and the cost of these consumables. The Fiber Probe Adapter fits seamlessly into your UV/VIS Spectrophotometer and connects to a wide range of available fiber probes.  The flexibility of the system allows for seamless integration of automated sample changing solutions.

Abstract # 217 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:00 AM - 8:25 AM - Jasmine Room

Novel method for removal of water from crudes “Thin Film Dewatering”

Chris Goss - InnoTech Alberta
Matt McEachern - InnoTech Alberta
Lee Marotta - PerkinElmer

Removing water from a bitumen emulsion to recover dry bitumen for laboratory analysis by distillation is time consuming and at times, problematic.  A thin film dewatering method has been developed to overcome two main problems with distillation dewatering; bumping of the sample during the distillation process and the volume limitation of a batch process.  The novel thin film dewatering removes both water and solids, using a continuous process so that larger quantities of emulsion can be processed.  With mass balance recoveries of 99.5 mass% and a resulting solids and water content of less than 0.3 mass%, the samples are ready for laboratory testing.

Abstract # 218 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:25 AM - 8:50 AM - Jasmine Room

Solvent Quantification in Steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) Solvent-Steam Co-injection

Chris Goss - InnoTech Alberta
Ian McQuay - Innotech Alberta
Lee Marotta - PerkinElmer

New processes using light/intermediate hydrocarbons as a partial substitute for steam aim to achieve the same oil recovery factor with reduced energy consumption and GHG emission. Quantification of solvent in production fluids is essential to determine net oil recovery rate and solvent recovery factor, allowing the producer to control the operation and achieve optimal oil recovery efficiency.  However, results of previous steam-solvent co-injection pilots have been inconclusive due to a lack of consistent sampling methods and analytical procedures This talk will examine two analytical methods to determine the solvent content (butane); an atmospheric flash method and a headspace GC method.  

Abstract # 221 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:50 AM - 9:10 AM - Jasmine Room

Intelligent Strategies for the Robust and Sensitive Determination of Chlorine (TX, TOX, EOX, AOX) in Widely Varying Matrices

Oliver Buettel - Analytik Jena
Dr. Angela Groebel - Analytik Jena
Dr. Katharina Vlach - Analytik Jena
Dr. Stefan Jezierski - Analytik Jena

Whether they are focused on process control, quality assurance, or environmental & health protection, today’s labs are facing high regulatory and financial pressures. Standard regulations (e.g. ASTM D5808, D7457, D4929, EPA 9020B, 9023 etc.) set high standards for the labs, and especially in high throughput applications analysis has to be affordable in order to keep a competitive pricing for final products and offered services. The amount of samples that have to be analyzed in the same time has increased steadily over the years while the number of operators often has decreased reversely. Complex sample matrices like source materials and wastes (e.g. crude oil, animal fat, polymers), derived fuels and bio-chemicals (e.g. palm oil, ethanol, bio diesel), and ultra-pure final products (e.g. paraffin oil, gasoline) make routine chlorine determination even more difficult. New analysis solutions including enhanced technologies and application strategies, bring great relief. Analytik Jena will be highlighting some of these practical solutions for a variety of routine and special measurement tasks from oil & gas refining over chemical industry till environmental protection.

Abstract # 222 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:55 PM - 2:15 PM - Exhbit Hall Room A4

Low Temperature Catalytic Oxygen-Selective Flame Ionization Detector (O-FID) for the Measurement of Oxygenates in Gasoline

Andrew Jones - Activated Research Company

Many oxygenated compounds are used to enhance the octane ratings in fuels. Simple and accurate methods of quantifying oxygenates such as methanol, ethanol, t-butyl alcohol (TBA) and methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE) in the complex hydrocarbon matrix of gasoline is critical in the oil & gas industry. Conventional O-FID analyzers (for ASTM D5599) utilize a cracking reactor operating in excess of 1000°C, which must be replaced every few thousand hours of operation and typically have reliability problems. Here, we propose a simple post-column, oxygen-selective catalytic reaction system from ARC which couples a novel catalyst to substantially enhance the detection of oxygenates over hydrocarbons at lower temperatures.

Abstract # 225 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:00 AM - 10:30 AM - Floral Hall A2

An Automated Approach for the Determination of Gasoline Range Organics in Water Using Gas Chromatography Coupled With Static headspace sampling

Max Hadfield - ThermoFisher Scientific

Gasoline Range Organics refer to hydrocarbons with a carbon range from C6-C10 that have boiling pointsranging from 600 to 1700 Celsius. These chemicals are frequently present in the environment especially in soils and ground water and the source of contamination is usually human errors or accidents (such as oil spills) that occur when handling, storing or transporting oil and oil products. If GRO are detected in soils or water, the level of contamination needs to be determined by using quantitative analytical methods. Often the method of choice is head space sampling techniques coupled to gas chromatography and mass spectrometry and/or flame ionisation detectors.

In this work, the Triplus Plus 500 valve-and-loop static headspace coupled with a Trace 1310 gas chromatographand an ISQ 7000 mass spectrometer were employed to develop an automated method for quantitative assessment of GRO in water. Chromeleon chromatography data system was used to acquire, process and report data. The performance of the method was assessed and various analytical parameters investigated. The data presented in this study demonstrates the method performance and reliability in addition to automated data processing and reporting capabilities.

Abstract # 226 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Exhibit Hall A4

Quantification of the Composition of Liquid Hydrocarbon Streams: Comparing the GC-VUV to Established Methods

Bill Winniford - Dow, Inc
Melissa Dunkle - Dow Benelux
Pascal Pijcke - Dow Benelux
Georgios Bellos - Dow Benelux

Commercialization of GC-VUV instrumentation has afforded a new technique for the quantification of the hydrocarbon composition of samples.  The gas-phase absorbance of hydrocarbons from 125 – 240 nm is sensitive to differences in compound classes as well as the small differences in positional isomers.  This allows for the identification and quantification in a PIONA-like fashion based on the UV spectra when the VUV PIONA+ software is utilized.  In Dow, the hydrocarbon composition of liquid hydrocarbon streams between C5 to C15 are typically evaluated using a detailed hydrocarbon analysis (DHA) or a GCxGC-FID analysis.  The DHA analysis relies on a 1D GC-FID method, and while the FID is a universal detector, it is unable to provide identifications without appropriate analytical standards.  Therefore, if peaks are closely eluting, or even co-eluting in the DHA method, identification, and thus, accurate quantitation can suffer.  GCxGC coupled to FID detection can provide additional separation, which can reduce or eliminate the co-elutions observed by DHA; however, as with the DHA, identifications are not possible without appropriate analytical standards.  This presentation will focus on the comparison of liquid hydrocarbon streams analyzed using both the DHA and GCxGC-FID methods compared to GC-VUV for hydrocarbon composition, with the emphasis being placed on the VUV’s enhanced accuracy of the group identification and quantification.   

Abstract # 227 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:10 PM - 2:40 PM - Floral Hall A2

Unified Laboratory Management Systems – Your Gateway to Simplified Workflows and Data Organization

Warren Samms - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Server-based chromatography data systems (CDS) are routinely employed in the pharmaceutical laboratory due to the need of ensuring robust data integrity, and compliance with specific requirements of 21 CFR Part 11.  While demonstration of these elements is not required outside of this regulated environment, the workflow benefits inherent in such systems should not be overlooked, such as ease of data and user management, the ability to query samples, advanced reporting, paperless workflows, automation and many other benefits.  Traditionally, these features are restricted to chromatographic instruments.
This presentation will explore a CDS platform best described as a Unified Laboratory Management System (ULMS) which has features of great utility in industrial testing laboratories.  Data from most laboratory instruments, including items such as LCs and GCs, spectrophotometers, TOCs, balances, and other equipment, is stored in a centrally-located database.  What’s more, the data from all equipment can be reviewed from any computer on the network – not just the instrument computer – improving flexibility in review of data.  Powerful reporting tools can combine data not just across samples of one instrument, but from multiple instruments if desired, and produce custom reports and calculations to be stored along with the data.  Additionally, custom reports such as a Certificate of Analysis can be automatically generated at the time of data acquisition.
The ability to query, sort, and filter data by nearly any attribute is rather advantageous for QA and laboratory management.  Taken together, Implementation of software such as ULMS, instead of traditional file-based control software, can automate many functions to increased employee productivity. 

Abstract # 228 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:50 PM - 3:20 PM - Floral Hall A2

Analysis of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Fuels by ASTM D6379 and D6591 on a Single HPLC Platform

Brian Domanski - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.

Determining the aromatic content of hydrocarbon fuels is crucial to assessing their combustion characteristics and compliance with environmental regulations. One of the longest- and most commonly-used test methods for aromatics in hydrocarbon-based fuels is ASTM D1319, a column chromatography method that separates fuel components into visible bands within the column for quantitation. Recently, one of the reagents necessary for this test became unavailable and hydrocarbon processors are searching for alternatives to ASTM D1319.

Two methods that are used for quantitation of aromatic components of fuels are ASTM D6379 and D6591, for kerosene and middle distillates (e.g., jet fuel) and diesel fuel, respectively. These methods are normal-phase, liquid chromatography methods in heptane mobile phase that separate and quantitate aromatics from fuel samples by refractive index detection.

Using a two-column set of Shim-pack™ NH2 and CN phases, we demonstrate the compliance of a single system to both methods. Furthermore, the systems exceed the method specifications for resolution laid out by ASTM and the IP, specifications commonly used in Europe. This ensures that the instrument with stay within specification without excessive column reconditioning or replacement.

The use of liquid chromatography allows for faster and more accurate separation and quantitation of aromatic components of common fuels than D1319 and does not suffer from the unavailability of reagents. Compliance with both methods on a single platform furthers the versatility of the instrument for laboratories with diverse needs

Abstract # 229 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 3:30 PM - 4:15 PM - Floral Hall A2

Refine your lab – Perform ASTM D5504, D5623, and D7011 with the new Shimadzu Sulfur Chemiluminescence Detector

Jeff Werner - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.
Alan Cummings - Lummus Technology

Sulfur detection and quantitation have increasingly become a critical measurement in the modern laboratory.
The new Nexis SCD-2030 used in conjunction with the Nexis GC-2030 gas chromatograph is a next-generation sulfur chemiluminescence detection system. The dramatically enhanced sensitivity and reliability along with the ease of maintenance and automated functions represent a first for the petrochemical industry.

Abstract # 230 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 3:00 PM - 3:30 PM - Hibiscus Room

Methods and application of surface area determination for research and quality control of Heterogeneous Catalysts

Rikki McDermott - Anton Paar

The importance of surface area in the research and manufacture of heterogeneous catalysts has long been known.  The physical surface area, which is comprised of both the external surface and the surfaces within the pores present in the particle, is characterized using inert gas sorption, also known as Physisorption.  Whereas, the reactive surface area is determined using chemically reactive gas sorption, called Chemisorption.  This presentation will discuss both types of adsorption as well as common materials and test methods.  Anton Paar’s series of adsorption analyzers (previously Quantachrome Instruments) provide the ability to perform rapid quality control checks as well as detailed high resolution analyses for both physisorption and chemisorption. 

Abstract # 231 - User Group
10/16/2019 - 8:00 AM - 2:45 PM - Floral Hall A2

Shimadzu TOC Users'Group

Ricky Frnka - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc.
Keith Long - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments, Inc

8:00 AM - 9:45 AM - User Group Part 1

Break for Keynote Speaker and Lunch

1:00 PM - 2:45 PM - User Group Part 2

This user’s group will cover the basics of operation for Shimadzu’s Total Organic Carbon analyzers and will be led by Keith Long and Ricky Frnka, who have a combined 35-plus years’ experience with TOC. This half-day event will allow for an overview of the analyzers, their functionality, basic troubleshooting, and allow for personal discussions with TOC experts and other users. This will provide the opportunity for both theoretical and hands-on learning, with TOC analyzers available for demonstration purposes.

Abstract # 233 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:15 PM - 2:45 PM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

Characterization of Volatiles in Post-Consumer Recycled Plastics Using Comprehensive GCxGC/TOFMS

Shayne Green - The Dow Chemical Company
Lucy Downey - The Dow Chemical Company
Chris Siegler - The Dow Chemical Company
Bill Winniford - The Dow Chemical Company

Over the last decade advances have occurred in plastic packaging for food and beverages. Food and beverage packaging was once dominated by cardboard, paper, tin, steel, and glass, which had mature recycling streams.  Unfortunately, the growth of plastics has outpaced the development of recycling technology and infrastructure.  There is renewed efforts to recycle plastics and to use post-consumer recycled (PCR) plastics in food packaging.  Many challenges have been found in providing high quality food packages containing PCRs.  Volatiles in PCRs are an important contributor to the quality of the final package.  A GCxGC method will be presented for analysis of volatiles in PCRs.

Abstract # 234 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:15 AM - 11:00 AM - Jasmine Room

On Spec. Are you sure?

Alex T. Lau - Baytek International - TCL Consulting

Can a single result that is worse than the spec limit by an amount not exceeding reproducibility (R) be considered in conformance with the spec? Come hear a thoughtful, statistically based answer to this important question and a practical application of the ASTM D3244 Practice for utilizing test data to determine conformance with specifications.

Abstract # 235 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:50 AM - 9:10 AM - Iris Room

ASTM D8071 and Verified Hydrocarbon Analysis: Automating complex hydrocarbon analyses with GC-VUV

Dan Wispinski - VUV Analytics

Standard method ASTM D8071 provides an automated, fast, and accurate approach to complete compound class characterization of paraffins, isoparaffins, olefins, napththlenes, and aromatics (PIONA) in finished gasoline, while also providing ASTM D6708 equivalency data for ASTM D5769, ASTM D1319, ASTM D3606, and ASTM D5599. Arising from ASTM D8071 is Verified Hydrocarbon Analysis™ (VUV-VHA™) which employs both retention time and spectral information to speciate compounds commonly found in gasoline, while fully characterizing the paraffin, isoparaffin, olefin, naphthene, and aromatic (PIONA) group composition of samples in a 49-minute automated analysis. 

Abstract # 236 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:30 AM - 10:15 AM - Jasmine Room

Houston, do we have a problem? False Alarms and Missed Signals

Alex T. Lau - Baytek International - TCL Consulting

When a decision is made based on imperfect data, there is a finite probability of making the wrong decision. Using four practical examples, this talk will discuss two different types of “wrong” decisions and a conceptual approach to estimate the probability of committing these decision errors.

Abstract # 237 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Iris Room

The Future of Fuels Analysis: Jet Fuel (ASTM D8267) and Diesel Analysis

Dan Wispinski - VUV Analytics

A new ASTM standard test method has been developed to provide a suitable alternative to D1319 and ASTM D1840. In the jet fuel range, mono-aromatics and diaromatics all have distinct VUV absorbance spectra which allow them to be deconvolved from one another in a complex matrix. The GC-VUV method ASTM D8267 can analyze jet fuel in a 14-minute run and a 60-second automated quantitation, reporting total aromatics, monoaromatics, and diaromatics, addressing the challenges faced with ASTM D1319 & ASTM D1840. Also capable of analyzing biodiesel and aromatic content in diesel fuels, the VUV Analyzer™ Platform is a powerful solution with the ability to run different types of fuels and different methods all without changes to hardware or set up, reducing the overall runtime, automating analysis and reducing the cost per sample.

Abstract # 238 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:30 AM - 8:50 AM - Iris Room

Fast, Novel Method for the Determination of Total Organochlorinated Components in Used Engine Oils

Leeman Bennington - PerkinElmer

Regular testing for fuel and glycol in used engine oil by gas chromatography can provide guidance on oil handling. Benefits include: Prevention of unnecessary oil changes and lowered costs through enhanced replaceable fluid lifetime Advanced warning of component wear prior to failure resulting in unexpected expenses and downtime   This webinar will explain a novel approach to measuring total organochlorides utilizing a PerkinElmer Clarus® 590 GC with a Xylem’s XSD™ Halogen Specific Detector. This faster more efficient methodology eliminates the need for sample preparation and can analyze fuel in used engine oil in a tandem analysis in 3.5 minutes resulting in quicker actionable results for customers.

Abstract # 239 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:15 AM - 11:45 AM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

Ultrafast Desorbing Concentrators for Gas Chromatography

Dale Ashworth - VICI Valco Instruments
Matias Hochman - VICI Valco Instruments
Huamin Cai - VICI Valco Instruments

In gas chromatography, using a trap to concentrate the sample is one of the most common methods to improve detectable limits. To use this method, the trap should be able to heat very quickly in order to release the most consolidated and narrow injection to the head of the column.  The two most common desorbing methods for a concentrating trap are direct heat and indirect heat. The direct heat method applies an electrical current directly through the traps' conductive metallic tube.  By regulating current and/or voltage, a ballistic temperature ramp can be achieved through the trap.  The advantages of the method are simplicity and faster heating.  However, the trap temperature is not well controlled and some trial and error will be needed to determine the heating power.  Additional challenges to this method are an inability to tightly control the trap temperature, either during absorption or desorption.  As well, the trap is affected by many other factors such as the starting temperature, environment temperature, and air flow to list a few.  These influences increase the variables that, if not controlled, result in poor precision in the sampling method. The indirect method uses a wire, cartridge, or pad heater on or around trap tube; the trap is heated indirectly by the heating apparatus.  While this method is a bit more elegant than the brutally simple direct method, the indirect can use a feedback circuit to accurately control temperature, and it can be applied to nonconductive materials used for some traps, such as fused silica or glass.  There are, however, disadvantages that come with indirect heating; one is the limited heating rate due to concentrator mass and controls that cannot accurately control temperature overshoot on fast ramping applications.  So even if the ramping rate of indirectly heated concentrator can be increased very quickly, it may overshoot by a significant amount, and the larger the trap, the greater the lag (differential) between the heat being applied and the actual trap temperature.  This presentation will detail this unique heating technology developed by Valco, which combines benefits of both direct and indirect heating with temperature sensing being done through the heater.  With electrical heating and sensor combined, it is guaranteed to reduce lag by reducing moving mass, and because of the advanced control algorithm overshoot is virtually eliminated.  This technique has been successfully applied on preconcentrators as well as GC columns, cold on-column injectors, programmable temperature vaporizers, retention gaps, transfer lines, and detectors.  This technology has also been applied in both direct heated and indirect heated applications.  The indirect method can be applied on metalic tube, fused silica or glass tube traps.  The direct method requires a conductive tube or surface in order to function.  Whether using direct or indirect heating methods, highly accurate and precise heating profiles of up to 2500°C/min from 50°C to 300°C with lag of <8°C and overshot < 5°C can be achieved.  In addition, the same temperature controller and heating method can maintain control and ballistic rates from sub-ambient conditions (down to <-175°C) up to 400°C.

Abstract # 241 - User Group
10/16/2019 - 2:00 PM - 5:00 PM - Floral Hall A1

2019 Baytek International User Group

Jonathan Richter - Baytek International

Baytek International is excited about the success of our cloud capable LIMS offering cBLISS and the growing list of customers choosing Baytek’s Cloud Hosting option.  We are thankful to our customers and excited for an opportunity to gather and share about future products and talk about the improvement of current offerings. Baytek’s cBLISS LIMS serves the lab management and automation needs of the refining, chemical, petrochemical, food, flavor, fragrance, water, and pharma industries worldwide. Join Baytek and our Users to discuss the exciting advancements in BLISS LIMS, explore the future, and fellowship with other BLISS Users.

Abstract # 242 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:00 AM - 8:20 AM - Iris Room

Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis And Complex Oxygenate Analysis Via The Polyarc® Reactor.

Jonathan McIntyre - Activated Research Company

Accurate quantification using Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis (DHA) means operation under the assumption of equimolar carbon response. DHA also requires additional calibration for oxygenated groups when present in the sample stream and can possibly lead to error if assumptions are made regarding response factor matching on the FID. The Polyarc® post column reactor provides true equimolar response via FID detection due to complete conversion of carbon molecules to methane.  Thus, with the Polyarc®, relative response factors collapse to unity for all molecules, allowing for the quantification of molecules without the need for multiple standards or numerous calibrations inclusive of oxygenate and complex PONA analysis.

Abstract # 243 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:00 PM - 1:30 PM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

Examination of the efficiency on high temperature GC columns and Strategies for Successful high temperature applications

Vanessa Abercrombie - Agilent Technologies
Daron Decker - Agilent Technologies
Gustavo Serrano-Izaguirre - Agilent Technologies
Phil Stremple - Agilent Technologies

High temperature Gas Chromatography applications using fused silica columns can be problematic for applications that run above 360°C. Even if a phase is stable enough to maintain extended periods of time above 360°C, the polyimide coating on fused silica will eventually burn off, causing the column to become brittle. We will examine what affect temperatures above 360°C will have on the integrity of the column phase and brittleness of the column over extended periods of time. We will also look into strategies for more efficient and successful high temperature applications, such as utilizing metal columns, and how long they are able to operate at temperatures up to 450°C and still maintain their integrity.

Abstract # 245 - Seminar
10/16/2019 - 8:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Iris Room

Robust, Accurate, Approaches to Solve Petroleum Requirements: Choosing the Optimum Detector By PerkinElmer, OI Analytical & VUV Analytics

Lee Marotta - PerkinElmer

Leeman Bennington – PerkinElmer, Cynthia Elmore – OI Analytical, Dan Wispinski – VUV Analytics   

8:30 AM - Fast, Novel Method for the Determination of Total Organochlorinated Components in Used Engine Oils - Leeman Bennington - PerkinElmer - Abstract #238

8:50 AM - ASTM D8071 and Verified Hydrocarbon Analysis: Automating complex hydrocarbon analyses with GC - Dan Wispinski – VUV Analytics - Abstract #235

9:10 AM - Fundamentals of the Pulsed Flame Photometric Detector (PFPD) - Cynthia Elmore – OI Analytical - Abstract #256

9:30 AM - The Future of Fuels Analysis:  Jet Fuel (ASTM D8267) and Diesel Analysis - - Dan Wispinski – VUV Analytics - Abstract #237

 

Abstract # 246 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:30 PM - 12:50 PM - Daffodil Room

FTIR Chemometric Analysis of Fuel Properties

Ariel Bohman - PerkinElmer
Samantha Nania - PerkinElmer

The use of aged or contaminated fuels has a direct impact on the performance and condition of equipment. Fuel contamination results in filter plugging, soot generation, and engine deposits. Implementation of a fuel-specific analysis program to monitor fuel quality and contamination as well as verification of delivery specifications aids in preventing costly equipment failure and downtime. Infrared spectroscopy coupled with chemometric analysis can be used as a rapid, reagent-less alternative to traditional methods of fuel analysis. A brief overview of chemometrics will be presented along with examples of using infrared spectroscopy to determine key fuel parameters.

Abstract # 247 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:50 PM - 1:10 PM - Daffodil Room

Analysis of Low FAME Concentrations in Fuels

Samantha Nania - PerkinElmer

Biodiesel, a renewable alternative fuel source, consists of a mixture of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). Verifying the FAME content of fuels on the order of tens of ppm is critical for quality control and auditing purposes for the assessment of diesel purity. Current techniques do not permit quantification of FAME at these levels due to pathlength constraints and the requirement to match base stock for each fuel type. This talk will discuss the use of infrared spectroscopy coupled with various analysis techniques for achieving the determination of FAME in fuels at these low levels.

Abstract # 249 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:00 AM - 11:30 AM - Orchid Room

Method Development for Karl Fischer Titration of Solids, Liquids and Gases

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

Karl Fischer titration is chemically specific to water and is the standard for analyzing most petrochemical and refining sample types. Whether testing for water in crudes, gasoline, polymers or gases, Karl Fischer is the preferred technique. Sample handling and difficult sample matrices like ethylene oxide can cause challenges in KF testing. Come to this talk and learn how to mitigate these challenges with reagents, auxiliary devices and optimized method parameters for fast, accurate and reliable KF analysis

Abstract # 250 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:30 AM - 12:00 PM - Orchid Room

Improve and Consolidate Petrochemical Titrations

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

Acid number, base number, hydroxyl number, mercaptan and Karl Fischer titrations are some of the fundamental refinery applications.  These applications have complex chemistries and require different electrodes, reagents and titration modes. All of this can be confusing for new and even experienced analysts. To add to the confusion, these tests can be scattered throughout the laboratory. This talk will provide recommendations for improving these and other titrations with tips from electrode selection, care and maintenance to method parameter optimization. Learn how to streamline workflows by combining applications onto a single platform that can perform up to four different applications simultaneously.

Abstract # 251 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 3:15 PM - 3:45 PM - Orchid Room

Improving Process Control with Online and At-line Moisture Measurements

Raj Sengar - Metrohm USA
John Martin - Metrohm USA

Water content is a critical process parameter. The amount of water at each step in the product process impacts corrosion rates in infrastructure, reaction rates, and final product quality. At moisture levels below a few hundred ppm, specific sample preparation requirements and environmental impacts make analysis difficult, which slows measurement frequency. In this paper, we explore proven approaches for measuring moisture below 500ppm with high accuracy and frequency in the process environment.

Abstract # 252 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:15 PM - 2:45 PM - Orchid Room

The Importance of Monitoring Amines and Organic Halides in Front-End Refinery Processes

Jay Gandhi - Metrohm USA

Monitoring corrosion is key to maintaining successful operation of oil pipelines and refineries over the long term. Amines are routinely added to neutralize hydrogen sulfide vapor for transport of crude to the refinery and are typically used to strip hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, and other acidic gases in the refining process. Too much amine present in the wrong location can increase corrosion rates. Organic halides, another highly corrosive species, can also cause problems during crude transport and in the refining process. Therefore, it is in the industry’s best interest to monitor these corrosion sources. This paper addresses the impact of amines and organic halides to crude refinement and the versatility of ion chromatography to monitor these species.

Abstract # 253 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:45 PM - 3:15 PM - Orchid Room

Monitoring Cyanide in Sour Water with Ion Chromatography to Prevent Corrosion in Refineries

Jay Gandhi - Metrohm USA
Jay Sheffer - Metrohm USA

Corrosion of pipelines and refineries remain a major concern for the oil industry.  As a result, corrosion monitoring is performed throughout the refinement process.  After the initial desalting process, sour crude is sweetened by removing sulfur via amine treatment.  Acidic gases such as SO2, SO3, CO2, NO, and NO2 can form Heat Stable Salts (HSS) in these amine treaters.  Cyanide salts may also be formed, which are both toxic and severely corrosive.  As a result, monitoring cyanide levels in sour water becomes an important part of a refinery’s effort to prevent corrosion.  Ion exclusion chromatography (IC) is an ideal technique for cyanide measurement in this matrix down to five parts-per-million.  This paper demonstrates the ability to perform these measurements using IC without interference from 3% H2S and without the need for any sample pretreatment.

Abstract # 254 - Training Course
10/15/2019 - 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM - Daffodil Room

Safer, Faster, Greener Approaches to Chemical and Petrochemical Analyses

Raj Sengar - Metrohm USA
John Martin - Metrohm USA

Chemical and petrochemical analyses typically require many different analytical measurements that slow production, introduce technicians to chemical exposure risks, and produce significant amounts of hazardous waste. This interactive workshop combines both lecture and hands-on training. Attendees will gain first-hand knowledge and experience with analytical methods that overcome those difficulties to increase both operator productivity and measurement frequency.  Some example analyses that will be explored are hydroxyl number, moisture value, TAN, RON/MON, viscosity, and rapid material verifications.

Abstract # 255 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:10 AM - 9:55 AM - Jasmine Room

A New Hyphenated Instrumental System Combining Particle Analysis with Wear Metals Testing of Fuels by ICP-OES Following ASTM D7111

Cory Schomburg - PerkinElmer
David Hilligoss - PerkinElmer
Robert Forester - PerkinElmer
Autumn Wassmuth - PerkinElmer

Particle counting is a common analytical analysis used by producers and in-service laboratories to determine the contamination level of in-service lubricants and fuels. Valuable information regarding the state and health of the equipment can be gained by knowing the size distribution of particles within the fluid. This information is often related to potential wear and life expectations of the equipment. Recently, a new instrumental technique has been developed which integrates particle counting with wear metals testing by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). For this new technique, a small volume of fuel is diluted with a solvent for normal wear metals analysis by ICP-OES. As the diluted sample is transferred to the ICP it is tested by an optical particle counting device in-line to the ICP sample introduction system. This new integrated technique can be performed in approximately 40 seconds per sample and provides both particle size distribution data and wear metals analyses into one analysis.

Presenters List: Autumn Wassmuth, Dave Hilligoss, Robert Forester, Cory Schomburg

Abstract # 256 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:10 AM - 9:30 AM - Iris Room

Fundamentals of the Pulsed Flame Photometric Detector (PFPD)

Cynthia Elmore - OI Analytical

A presentation will be made to give a general overview of the OI Analytical Pulsed Flame Photometric Detector. The PFPD excels at selective detection of sulfur and phosphorus compounds, and can be configured to detect 26 other elements. It is similar to the Flame Photometric Detector (FPD) but operates in the pulsed-flame rather than continuous-flame mode which increases signal to noise and offers significant advantages over the FPD including better selectivity and detectivity. These advantages will be discussed along with instrument overview, theory, tools for selectivity, and examples of applications.

Abstract # 257 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - 2:10 PM - 4:15 PM - Floral Hall A2

Shimadzu SCN Seminar

Greg Vandiver - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

2:10 PM Unified Laboratory Management Systems - Your Gateway to Simplified Workflows and Data Organization - Warren Samms, Shimadzu Sci. Inst. - Abstract #227

2:40 PM Break - GC-2030/SCD Open Discussion

2:50 PM Analysis of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Fuels by ASTM D6379 and D6591 on a Single HPLC Platform - Brian Domanski, Shimadzu Sci. Inst. - Abstract #228

3:20 PM Break - GC-2030/SCD Open Discussion

3:30 PM Refine your lab – Perform ASTM D5504, D5623, and D7011 with the new Shimadzu Sulfur Chemiluminescence Detector - Alan Cummings, Lumus Technology, Jeff Werner, Shimadzu Sci. Inst. - Abstract #229

 

Abstract # 261 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:45 PM - 1:15 PM - Jasmine Room

Rapid Visco Analyzer for Oils and Lubricants

Charlie Kauffman - PerkinElmer

Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity are the current analytical methods in the oil and lubricant laboratories for measuring viscosity. These laboratories are a fast-paced, highly-focused environment with too few people accomplishing an abundance of quality work with out-dated equipment. Typical Viscosity measurements are slow, labor intensive, high maintenance, and prone to user variables. Too few organizations employ true ‘next-gen’ technologies that make the workflow smoother, provide accurate and reproducible results, offer application expandability, and reduce laborious interaction of instrumentation by their over-worked staff. “What if” an oil and lubricants lab come employ true ‘next generation’ instrumentation that is fast, efficient, produced quality reproducible data in a fraction of the time with minimal labor requirements? “What if” this same technology provided better temperature control, full spectra reporting of viscosity and temperature profiles, plus offered the flexibility to adjust parameters to meet changing or customer demands?   Introducing the Rapid Visco Analyzer from PerkinElmer! But first, let’s talk tech.

Abstract # 262 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - 8:45 AM - 4:00 PM - Tulip Room

FT-IR and RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY WORKSHOPS

Angie Jinks - Thermo Fisher Scientific

8:45 AM - 9:00 AM - Introduction to Thermo Fisher Scientific’s Analytical Technologies 

9:00 AM - 10:00 AM Fundamentals of FT-IR and Raman Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis - Abstract #157 

10:00 AM - 10:50 AM - FT-IR and Raman Microscopy Applications in Polymer Analysis - Abstract #156

11:00 AM - 12:00 PM - Spectral Interpretation and Problem Solving with Molecular Spectroscopy - Abstract #172

12:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Break for Lunch and Keynote Speaker

2:30 PM - 4:00 PM - Omnic Spectroscopy Software Tutorial for FT-IR and Raman - Abstract #173

Abstract # 263 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - 8:00 AM - 12:30 PM - Floral Hall A2

Chromatography, Elemental Analysis, and CDS Workflow Solutions

Angie Jinks - Thermo Fisher Scientific

8:00 AM - 8:15 AM - Registration & Continental Breakfast

8:15 AM - 8:30 AM - Welcome & Introduction

8:30 AM - 9:15 AM - ICP-OES Solutions for Difficult Aqueous and Organic Samples - Abstract #264

9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Increasing Productivity, Accuracy, and Safety by Eliminating Multiple Single Titrations for Process and Discharge Water Analysis Through Automation - Abstract #274

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM - Break

10:00 AM10:30 AM - An Automated Approach for the Determination of Gasoline Range Organics in Water Using Gas Chromatography Coupled with Static Headspace Sampling - Abstract #225

10:30 AM11:00 AM - Determination of Total Fluorine, Chlorine, and Sulfur in Liquified Petroleum Gas by Pyro-Hydrolytic Combustion Coupled with Ion Chromatography - Abstract #184

11:00 AM11:30 AM - Developing and Optimizing Gradient Separation Methods in Ion Chromatography - Abstract #208

11:30 AM12:00 PM - Modern, Fast, Accurate, and Reliable Petrochemical Analysis by UHPLC - Abstract #189

Lunch Will Be Provided

12:00 PM12:30 PM - Streamline Your Laboratory Workflow with Thermo Scientific Chromeleon CDS - Abstract # 146

 

Abstract # 264 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:30 AM - 9:15 AM - Floral Hall A2

ICP-OES Solutions for Difficult Organic and Aqueous Sample

Sabrina Antonio - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Mike Mourgas - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Daniel Kutscher - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) is widely used in the petrochemical industry for the analysis of trace elements in upstream, midstream and downstream processes.  In the extraction process, trace elements are measured in drilling mud compounds, produced waters and crude oil.  In the refining process, the presence of trace metals can cause equipment corrosion and catalyst poisoning, hence, the analysis of elemental contaminants is important to help prevent corrosion of equipment, to confirm the performance of expensive catalysts and ensure the quality and purity of final oil and gas products used in a variety of industries. Furthermore, lubricating oils from large machinery must also be tested for wear metals, contaminants and additive elements as a diagnostic tool to schedule preventive maintenance before lost profits occur due to unscheduled maintenance and downtime. The samples to be tested for trace elements from these processes are considered “difficult” in ICP-OES analysis due to their high levels of salts, suspended solids and carbon and physical properties, such as viscosity and volatility, all of which cause physical, chemical and spectral interferences.  Analytical methods must be optimized to tackle these interferences in order to obtain the accurate results as default aqueous methods are not suitable.  In this presentation, we will discuss the tools and technologies available to optimize ICP-OES methods for the analysis of difficult petrochemical samples and provide examples on how these tools and technologies were applied for the analysis of high salt samples, lubricating oils and other organic samples.

Abstract # 266 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:30 AM - 12:00 PM - Jasmine Room

Determination of Oxygenates in Motor Gasoline by GCMS

George Gonzalez - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Oxygenates in motor gasoline can be tested using ASTM D5769 GCMS conditions. This application provides the capability to detect the oxygenates defined in D5599 in addition to the aromatic content. The presentation will illustrate the performance of this application.

Abstract # 267 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:15 PM - 1:40 PM - Jasmine Room

Harmful Chemicals in Gasoline – A European Perspective

Dan Wispinski - VUV Analytics
Ryan Schonert - VUV Analytics

In Europe, CEN/TC 19 WG21 has initiated a new work item for a technical report and possible revision to EN228 addressing “harmful chemicals” in petrol.  The chemical compounds addressed by CEN specifically are sec- butyl acetate, aniline and its derivatives such N-Methylaniline, N-Ethylaniline and di-Methylaniline.  This paper will describe the European initiative and implications for other jurisdictions.  A simple modification of the VUV Analyzer platform using ASTM D8071 is presented allowing a fast, automated screening of these harmful chemicals.

Abstract # 268 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:50 PM - 2:20 PM - Iris Room

New LIMS Technology to Manage EPA Tier 3 Requirements with the ASTM D6299 Standard

Dan Call - LabVantage Solutions, Inc.

EPA Tier 3 requirements with the ASTM D6299 Standard puts Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) to the test. Laboratories can use the built-in SPC functionality in LabVantage to help fulfill these requirements. With the quality result data already in LIMS,  usage of Control Charts (i.e. Individuals Chart with EWMA and Moving Range) is seamless and easy.  Setup of the control charts and integration to Laboratory Investigations help to further track production quality.  In addition, Data Quality Control functionality can be used to make sure all entered data is valid.  All this functionality comes with the LabVantage Oil & Gas Accelerator.

Abstract # 269 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:40 PM - 2:00 PM - Jasmine Room

Expanding the Analysis of Petroleum Compounds Measured by GCxGC-HRTOFMS

A. John Dane - JEOL USA, Inc.
Koji Okuda - JEOL USA, Inc.

In this work a thermal modulator GCxGC system was interfaced to a high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometer (HRTOFMS) in order to analyze petroleum samples by using electron ionization (EI), field ionization (FI), photoionization (PI), and chemical ionization (CI).  Additionally, the GC-MS interface was modified to increase the temperature in this region so that higher boiling point compounds could be analyzed by the GCxGC-HRTOFMS system.  A comparison among the different ionization techniques as well as the improvements in the results for the range of compounds measured will be presented.

Abstract # 272 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:45 PM - 3:05 PM - Exhibit Hall A4

Centralized Hydrogen Gas Generators Optimize Safety and Testing Operations at Petrochemical Labs

Scott Accetta - Proton OnSite

Petrochemical labs must be equipped with Gas Chromatography equipment to conduct FID and GC-MS equipment to analyze samples of petrochemical ingredients and end products. These labs can have tens to hundreds of analyzers running tests around the clock. With the recent innovations in on-site hydrogen gas generation, labs can source a safe and reliable source of hydrogen for their GC and FID equipment from a hydrogen lab server. Hydrogen Lab Servers improve facility safety and reduce labs operating expenses, while supplying affordable ultra-high purity hydrogen gas to the lab’s instruments GC Instruments.  

Abstract # 273 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:45 AM - 9:45 AM - Daffodil Room

How to Analyze Difficult Samples by ICP-OES Reliably and with High Productivity

Dr. Sergei Leikin - Texas Scientific Products

ICP-OES analysis of sample matrices having a complex chemical nature can be very challenging. The correct selection of the sample introduction system - from peristaltic pump tubing to the Nebulizer-Spray Chamber combination and torch configuration – is especially critical. A reliable and consistent handling of the most difficult sample types in a large degree depends on the right choice of these critical components.   A detailed approach to selection of each part of the sample introduction system and it’s analytical impact on ICP-OES operation will be presented: instrument running parameters (gas flows, plasma power, sample uptake rate), it’s influence and relation to the Nebulizer type; different reasons of clogging the Nebulizer - one of the most frustrating events in daily routine of any ICP operator; practical, proven ways to prevent the blockages rather than to deal and address them using expensive tools   An approach to reliable and productive ICP-OES operation will be illustrated by a few practical examples of how to handle challenging matrices with large amount of undissolved particulate content, for example: oils and greases samples containing high amount of salt or total dissolved solids.   Users are encouraged to bring up for an open interactive discussion their own challenges in running samples on ICP-OES.

Abstract # 274 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Floral Hall A2

Increasing Productivity, Accuracy, and Safety by Eliminating Multiple Single Titrations for Process and Discharge Water Analysis Through Automation

Doug Tate - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Refining crude and bulk chemical production requires frequent testing to ensure safe plant operations with respect to corrosion prevention system and discharge permitting. Tedious manual titrations require a significant allocation of technician time, potential exposure to hazardous chemical due to frequent reagent addition, and potential for errors in data transcriptions from these manual processes.  This presentation will focus on the use of automated instrumentation to run some of the more common standard methods for process and discharge water analysis.  The use of automated sample management, reagent dispensing and approved photometric measurements can reduce the technician time over 20X, reduce exposure to hazardous chemicals, and eliminate data transcription errors.

Abstract # 275 - Workshop
10/16/2019 - 8:00 AM - 10:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

AGILENT Gas Phase Method Developers Workshop

Jason Cherney - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

8:00 AM - Helium Carrier Gas – Meeting the Shortage with Conversion and Conservation - Abstract #181

8:30 AM - 10 Ways to Easy GC - Abstract # 185

9:00 AM - GC/MS Analysis of Aromatics in Gasoline using ASTM D5769: Set-up, Optimization, and Automated Reporting - Abstract # 182

9:30 AM - Optimizing and Maintaining ASTM Method D7845 for the Analysis of Chemical Contaminates in Marine Fuel Oil - Abstract # 183

Abstract # 276 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:00 PM - 1:20 PM - Iris Room

Understanding the Relationship Between On-Line and Laboratory Gasoline Vapor Pressure Results for Tighter Process-Blending

Jason Nick - AMETEK Petrolab
George Hadl - AMETEK Grabner Instruments

Gasoline vapor pressure mini-methods and their correlations to ASTM D323 and D4953 are often misunderstood. The regulatory method, ASTM D5191, requires sample preparation for correlation with the mentioned methods. Inclusion of air-saturation and process-sample conditioning for on-line vapor pressure measurement is difficult when considering the short measurement interval of premium, on-line vapor pressure analyzers. This paper identifies the challenges presented by current mini-method correlations to ASTM D4953 (slope). Through the employment of ASTM D6378, process and lab results can be directly compared with zero sample preparation, resulting in more accurate blending against the regulatory vapor-pressure specification. By identifying the pressure contribution of fixed and dissolved gases, the ‘absolute’ pressure of the parent sample can be calculated. Supporting data will be used to show that the absolute pressure of both lab and process results, assuming no decomposition from sampling, is the same. Although finished gasoline is certified through ASTM D5191, ASTM D6378 allows for a ‘behind the scenes’ comparison between lab and process VP results, that returns less giveaway and more profit.

Abstract # 277 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Jasmine Room

Avoiding the Pitfalls Encountered During a LIMS Project

Gretchen McAuliffe - Labtopia

At some point in their career, most Lab Managers will implement or upgrade a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) within their lab.  Although most Lab Managers have not had experience as Project Managers, they are often assigned the task of managing the implementation and serve as the key point of contact to the LIMS vendor.  Without exposure to the common pitfalls, the project will often run fail.  This results in an undeserving black eye to the project team and the software.   Labtopia is an experienced implementer of LIMS.  Our experts have worked both in laboratories and as the vendor implementing the system.  Our experience has allowed us to understand issues that impact the success of any LIMS project.  This presentation will discuss issues experienced across many LIMS projects and how they can be recognized and mitigated early in the project. 

Abstract # 278 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:15 PM - 2:45 PM - Orchid Room

Improving Process Control with Online and At-line Moisture Measurements

Raj Sengar - Metrohm USA
John Martin - Metrohm USA

Water content is a critical process parameter. The amount of water at each step in the product process impacts corrosion rates in infrastructure, reaction rates, and final product quality. At moisture levels below a few hundred ppm, specific sample preparation requirements and environmental impacts make analysis difficult, which slows measurement frequency. In this paper, we explore proven approaches for measuring moisture below 500ppm with high accuracy and frequency in the process environment.

Abstract # 279 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:45 AM - 9:15 AM - Orchid Room

Method Development for Karl Fischer Titration of Solids, Liquids and Gases

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

Karl Fischer titration is chemically specific to water and is the standard for analyzing most petrochemical and refining sample types. Whether testing for water in crudes, gasoline, polymers or gases, Karl Fischer is the preferred technique. Sample handling and difficult sample matrices like ethylene oxide can cause challenges in KF testing. Come to this talk and learn how to mitigate these challenges with reagents, auxiliary devices and optimized method parameters for fast, accurate and reliable KF analysis

Abstract # 280 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:45 PM - 1:15 PM - Orchid Room

Improve and Consolidate Petrochemical Titrations

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

Acid number, base number, hydroxyl number, mercaptan and Karl Fischer titrations are some of the fundamental refinery applications.  These applications have complex chemistries and require different electrodes, reagents and titration modes. All of this can be confusing for new and even experienced analysts. To add to the confusion, these tests can be scattered throughout the laboratory. This talk will provide recommendations for improving these and other titrations with tips from electrode selection, care and maintenance to method parameter optimization. Learn how to streamline workflows by combining applications onto a single platform that can perform up to four different applications simultaneously.

Abstract # 281 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:15 PM - 1:45 PM - Orchid Room

The Importance of Monitoring Amines and Organic Halides in Front-End Refinery Processes

Jay Gandhi - Metrohm USA

Monitoring corrosion is key to maintaining successful operation of oil pipelines and refineries over the long term. Amines are routinely added to neutralize hydrogen sulfide vapor for transport of crude to the refinery and are typically used to strip hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, and other acidic gases in the refining process. Too much amine present in the wrong location can increase corrosion rates. Organic halides, another highly corrosive species, can also cause problems during crude transport and in the refining process. Therefore, it is in the industry’s best interest to monitor these corrosion sources. This paper addresses the impact of amines and organic halides to crude refinement and the versatility of ion chromatography to monitor these species.

Abstract # 282 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:45 PM - 2:15 PM - Orchid Room

Monitoring Cyanide in Sour Water with Ion Chromatography to Prevent Corrosion in Refineries

Jay Gandhi - Metrohm USA
Jay Sheffer - Metrohm USA

Corrosion of pipelines and refineries remain a major concern for the oil industry.  As a result, corrosion monitoring is performed throughout the refinement process.  After the initial desalting process, sour crude is sweetened by removing sulfur via amine treatment.  Acidic gases such as SO2, SO3, CO2, NO, and NO2 can form Heat Stable Salts (HSS) in these amine treaters.  Cyanide salts may also be formed, which are both toxic and severely corrosive.  As a result, monitoring cyanide levels in sour water becomes an important part of a refinery’s effort to prevent corrosion.  Ion exclusion chromatography (IC) is an ideal technique for cyanide measurement in this matrix down to five parts-per-million.  This paper demonstrates the ability to perform these measurements using IC without interference from 3% H2S and without the need for any sample pretreatment.

Abstract # 283 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - 10:30 AM - 3:45 PM - Orchid Room

Metrohm Seminar (Tuesday)

Karen Poe - Metrohm USA

10:30 AM - Better Surfactant Analysis and a New Approach for Cloud Point - Abstract #286

11:00 AM - Method Development for Karl Fischer Titration of Solids, Liquids and Gases - Abstract #249

11:30 AM - Improve and Consolidate Petrochemical Titrations - Abstract #250

12:00 PM - 1:00 PM - Lunch Break

1:00 PM - 1:55 PM - Keynote

2:15 PM - The Importance of Monitoring Amines and Organic Halides in Front-End Refinery Processes - Abstract #252

2:45 PMMonitoring Cyanide in Sour Water with Ion Chromatography to Prevent Corrosion in Refineries - Abstract #253

3:15 PM - Improving Process Control with Online and At-line Moisture Measurements - Abstract #251

Refreshments will be Provided

Abstract # 284 - Seminar
10/16/2019 - 8:45 AM - 2:45 PM - Orchid Room

Metrohm Seminar (Wednesday)

Karen Poe - Metrohm USA

8:45 AM - Method Development for Karl Fischer Titration of Solids, Liquids and Gases - Abstract #279

9:15 AM - Better Surfactant Analysis and a New Approach for Cloud Point - Abstract #285

10:00 AM - 11:30 AM - Keynote

11:30 AM - 12:30 PM - Lunch Break

12:45 PM - Improve and Consolidate Petrochemical Titrations - Abstract #280

1:15 PM - The Importance of Monitoring Amines and Organic Halides in Front-End Refinery Processes - Abstract #281

1:45 PM - Monitoring Cyanide in Sour Water with Ion Chromatography to Prevent Corrosion in Refineries - Abstract #282

2:15 PM - Improving Process Control with Online and At-line Moisture Measurements - Abstract #278

Refreshments will be Provided

Abstract # 285 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Orchid Room

Better Surfactant Analysis and a New Approach for Cloud Point

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

Surfactants have many applications in the refining industry and are arguably one of the most important and often complex materials used. Monitoring surfactant concentrations ensures optimal function while reducing the cost of operation. There are many factors that must be considered when performing surfactant titrations: Titration rates, pH buffering, electrode selection and care all play a role in achieving accurate results. Another important parameter to monitor is cloud point as an indicator of surfactant stability. This talk will detail how to analyze different classes of surfactants and provide information on how to improve surfactant titrations for accurate and consistent results. Also, learn about a new approach to cloud point determination using an optical sensor.

Abstract # 286 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:30 AM - 11:00 AM - Orchid Room

Better Surfactant Analysis and a New Approach for Cloud Point

Kerri-Ann Blake - Metrohm USA

·        Surfactants have many applications in the refining industry and are arguably one of the most important and often complex materials used. Monitoring surfactant concentrations ensures optimal function while reducing the cost of operation. There are many factors that must be considered when performing surfactant titrations: Titration rates, pH buffering, electrode selection and care all play a role in achieving accurate results. Another important parameter to monitor is cloud point as an indicator of surfactant stability. This talk will detail how to analyze different classes of surfactants and provide information on how to improve surfactant titrations for accurate and consistent results. Also, learn about a new approach to cloud point determination using an optical sensor.

Abstract # 287 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM - Daffodil Room

Save Helium for Balloon Animals! Onsite Gas Generation Enables Compact, Safe and Scalable H2, O2, N2 & Ultra-Zero Air

John Erne - BeaconMedaes (represented by Scientific Resources Southwest)

Switching carrier gas from Helium to Hydrogen provides both cost savings AND performance improvement available to most GC applications.  But with this comes an inherent EHS concern – what to do with cylinders of highly flammable gases?  What if leaks in those high-pressure lines occur?  Can’t GC ovens explode?!  Onsite generation has provided a solution to much of these concerns – make only what you need, when you need it, and keep the pressure to a minimum.  With water, air and electricity labs can produce all the H2, N2, Ultra-Zero-Air and O2 that they need.  But how does it work?  This short technical presentation will outline the common methods of purifying and delivering the right grade of air for various analytical applications including GC, LC, MS, FTIR, TOC & more.  Bring your PPE and exploding GC stories!

Abstract # 288 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:50 AM - 9:50 AM - Orchid Room

What Does ISO 17034 Accreditation of Reference Materials Mean for Your Quality Control Laboratory

Dan Biggerstaff - LGC Standards

The importance of having accurate reference materials for analytical instrument calibration and quality control for use in the Quality Control Laboratory cannot be overstated. These reference materials impact many aspects of production and operation. Errors and bias in the stated concentrations can have a direct impact on production efficiency. While the overall process for making reference materials is straight forward, there are many aspects that affect the accuracy and quality of the final product. ISO 17034 was written specifically for reference material manufacturers to ensure that the standards they produce are accurate and have well defined uncertainties. The difference between a Reference Material (RM) and a Certified Reference Material (CRM) as defined by ISO 17034 will be discussed. The importance of neat material characterization and traceability, production techniques, reference material verification, and four different components that contribute to the total combined uncertainty will be discussed. ISO 17034 accreditation provides a way for the Quality Control Laboratory to have confidence in the values it is providing to production for process control, product purity, and regulatory matters.

Abstract # 289 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 1:00 PM - 1:55 PM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

Data Handling and Analytics: A case study using airline ticket pricing as told through data and deregulation

Andy Boyd - University of Houston

While airline ticket pricing can at times seem irrational, it is, in fact, the result of sophisticated algorithms working on vast data sets. But that wasn’t always the case. Commercial airlines took flight long before the advent of the computer. Inspired by the need to keep record of who was flying where, airlines were some of the earliest adopters of technologies to streamline the process. And once armed with historical booking records and freed from regulation, visionary leaders realized how this information could be used as a competitive weapon for pricing. From gumball dispensers to modern day revenue management systems, we trace the history of airline ticket pricing through the control and management of data.

Abstract # 290 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Wisteria Room

Increase Petroleum Lab Capabilities While Reducing Costs – Advantages of Using Enhanced Energy Dispersive XRF and Custom Standards.

Bryan DeVerse - Quantum Analytics

Visible defects in plastic can cause process delays which reduce efficiency in manufacturing processes.  The first step to solving a defect issue, especially a defect caused by contamination, is identification of the contaminant.  Only after identification can the root cause be found, leading to a successful solution.  Infrared microscopy is an ideal tool for the identification of visible defects.  Combining the chemical identification capabilities of infrared spectroscopy with a microscope’s ability to focus the analysis to a small area provides easy identification of many materials which cause visible defects.  Unfortunately, infrared microscopes have traditionally been limited to central research labs due to their cost and complexity.  A new class of infrared microscope accessories has recently changed this paradigm.  Microscope accessories, such as the Czitek SurveyIR significantly reduce the initial cost and have ease of use features which allow them to be deployed into quality control and process laboratories. This presentation will detail the use and application of infrared microscope accessories for the analysis of visible contamination in plastics.  Examples will be given showing several different contaminants and defects which can be identified including oxidation, slip agent aggregation and unintended particulates.  Detail will be given as to the workflow and procedures needed to successfully identify contaminant samples including sample preparation, measurement and library searching.  Finally, estimates of time and cost savings obtainable by moving these analyses from a central R&D facility or contract lab to an on-site laboratory will be presented.

Abstract # 291 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:30 PM - 1:00 PM - Wisteria Room

Moving the analysis closer to the problem - Improving efficiency in plastics manufacturing through near line contaminant identification.

Bryan DeVerse - Quantum Analytics

Visible defects in plastic can cause process delays which reduce efficiency in manufacturing processes.  The first step to solving a defect issue, especially a defect caused by contamination, is identification of the contaminant.  Only after identification can the root cause be found, leading to a successful solution.  Infrared microscopy is an ideal tool for the identification of visible defects.  Combining the chemical identification capabilities of infrared spectroscopy with a microscope’s ability to focus the analysis to a small area provides easy identification of many materials which cause visible defects.  Unfortunately, infrared microscopes have traditionally been limited to central research labs due to their cost and complexity.  A new class of infrared microscope accessories has recently changed this paradigm.  Microscope accessories, such as the Czitek SurveyIR significantly reduce the initial cost and have ease of use features which allow them to be deployed into quality control and process laboratories. This presentation will detail the use and application of infrared microscope accessories for the analysis of visible contamination in plastics.  Examples will be given showing several different contaminants and defects which can be identified including oxidation, slip agent aggregation and unintended particulates.  Detail will be given as to the workflow and procedures needed to successfully identify contaminant samples including sample preparation, measurement and library searching.  Finally, estimates of time and cost savings obtainable by moving these analyses from a central R&D facility or contract lab to an on-site laboratory will be presented.

Abstract # 292 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:00 PM - 1:20 PM - Wisteria Room

Petrochemical Quality Control with Benchtop WD-XRF

Daniel Pecard - Bruker

When designing a new Benchtop Wavelength Dispersive Spectrometer (WDXRF) for process control applications for the petrochemicals industry, the goal is set:  Maximize Intensity and Enhance Versatility. During this presentation, we will discuss the advances and advantages with a 400W Benchtop WDXRF and show example applications ASTM D2622 and ASTM D6442.

Abstract # 293 - Workshop
10/16/2019 - 8:50 AM - 9:15 AM - Wisteria Room

EMACT (Chemical Sector Rule) - Lessons Learned from Refinery Sector Rule Implementations for Flares

Andy Shurtleff - Airgas, an Air Liquide company

A Top 10 Run Down plus a few Bonus topics to ease the transition to the new Requirements Refineries trying to adhere to the new Refinery Sector Rule (RSR) implemented January 30, 2019 found interpretation of the guidelines and related compliance to be no easy feat. Fortunately for those in the Chemical Sector, the path to compliance is mostly paved due to significant overlaps in the RSR and proposed CSR (EMACT) rules. Examples includes the requirement for documenting proof of compliance with the requirement for 98% destruction of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs), frequency of measurement and overall monitoring systems uptime for reporting. While most U.S. refineries have taken the necessary steps to install instrumentation and implement calibration/validation regimens to meet these requirements, others are still working toward compliance with deadline date extensions The process of gaining needed capabilities has generated some experiential education related to calibration/validation (Cal) gases. At the top is the reminder that all is subject to change via EPA or other regulatory authority requirements or approval of Alternative Monitoring Plans (AMPs). Variables can be general, regional, localized, site specific or company by company among others. This session is focused on an active vendor observation of Top Ten common RSR lessons learned and sharing some of the strategies employed for RSR compliance as a boost forward toward CSR compliance. This is intended to be a conversational session and there will be time throughout and following for Q&A.

Abstract # 294 - Workshop
10/16/2019 - 1:20 PM - 1:45 PM - Wisteria Room

Regulatory Compliance & EPA Protocol Gas Standards Update Resolving the Complexity of Multi-Layer Rules and Their Impacts on Operations and Procedures

Andy Shurtleff - Airgas, an Air Liquide Company

Numerous Federal and Regional environmental regulations include monitoring requirements which require online analyzers to quantify emissions. Accompanying these rules are guidelines for Continuous Emissions Monitoring (CEMs) performance management and validation of the analyzers to assure proper operation and accuracy of information gathered. A significant component of most performance specifications includes the need for periodic validation and/or calibration of the analyzers using specialized gas calibration standards. “EPA Protocol” standards are available for some, but not all applications. They are also required for some routine validation and testing, but not for all. This workshop provides an update on issues and applications related to EPA Protocols and other rules requiring CEMs analyzer calibration standards along with clarification on a number of related topics including: -          What is a true EPA Protocol calibration standard and what are the requirements for production, traceability, analysis and other requirements related to these gas standards? 

Overview of rules requiring use of gas calibration standards for Environmental Compliance including some clarification of terminology inconsistencies and hard to follow cross references; When is a Protocol gas required and when is it not?

How is performance validation accomplished when no EPA Protocol gases exist for the given application?

What is the availability of Alternative and “Quasi-Protocol” standards and how do they stack up with Protocol standards in terms of accuracy, production control, analysis and documentation? (Data Based Review) 

How are calibration gas shelf life warranties determined?

What is meant by “Certified” and “Zero” calibration gas standards and why can the definitions impact compliance?

This is intended to be a conversational session and there will be time throughout and following for Q&A.

Abstract # 296 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:45 PM - 2:10 PM - Wisteria Room

Flow modulation GCxGC using the new Agilent 8890 GC with a Pneumatic Switching Device (PSD)

James Griffith - Dow, Inc
Bill Winniford - Dow Inc., Lake Jackson, TX
Chris Siegler - Dow Inc., Collegeville, PA
Jim Luong - Dow Inc., Fort Saskatchewan, Canada

Agilent Technologies recently released the 8890 gas chromatograph, along with a next-generation electronic pneumatic controller, called the pneumatic switching device (PSD) which originated on the Intuvo 9000 GC.  This talk will demonstrate the use of the PSD along with the Agilent capillary flow technology reversed-flow differential flow modulator with flame ionization detection to generate GCxGC chromatograms.  The performance of the current iteration of hardware will be assessed, along with showing applications that benefit from a GCxGC approach.