2019 Oral Presentations

The following abstracts have been received and accepted for presentation at the 2019 Gulf Coast Conference. Additional submissions will be added to this list as they are received and accepted.

> View the 2018 presentations.

Abstract # 106 - Paper

New Developments in Low Level Sulfur Measurement

Michael Pohl - HORIBA Instruments International, Scientific Division

New Low Sulfur Analytical Requirements

The permitted levels of sulfur in various fuel samples continues to drop due to EPA Regulations, creating a new series of challenges for the manufacturers of analytical instruments to solve. Most of these petroleum streams are relatively pure, but often additives are introduced which complicates the analysis. In these cases, the Limit of Detection of the method becomes a less challenging issue than the effects of interfering elements. Examples of these effects will be illustrated for real world samples run on commercially available instruments. These case-by-case examples will be discussed to illustrate possible solutions.

Abstract # 111 - Workshop

The Pyrolysis Workshop

Terry Ramus, Ph.D - Frontier Laboratories America
Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America

Pyrolysis performed correctly is a valuable and easy to use sample introduction technique for GC and GC/MS.  It allows the user to characterize any solid or viscous organic materials that otherwise could not be analyzed by GC.  Learn when to use Evolved Gas Analysis, Thermal Desorption, Heart-Cutting, or Pyrolysis; all with the same system. Potential, new and existing users of Frontier Labs’ Multi-functional Pyrolyzer products are encouraged to attend. No prior experience needed.  

Topics: 
-Materials characterization “method map”: a formula for success.
-Applications: deformulation, polymers, additives, coatings, biomass, oil shale, quantitative methods.
-Data Review Tools: hands-on use of F-Search Software and MS Libraries.
-Maintenance and Discussion Sessions.

Abstract # 112 - Paper

The Analysis of Regulated Phthalates in a Complex Matrix using Thermal Desorption-GC/MS

Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America
Terry Ramus, Ph.D - Frontier Laboratories America
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories America

Phthalates are used as additives in plastic for many years to make them more flexible.  Several phthalates are regulated on a global scale, and several analytical techniques can be used for phthalates analysis.  Thermal Desorption (TD)-GC/MS is one of the easiest and most accurate methods for phthalate analysis. Recently manufacturers have switched formulations to include unregulated phthalates. Generally, phthalates are identified using both retention time and MS spectra. However, some unregulated phthalates have similar retention times and MS spectra, compared to regulated phthalates. This is the basis of existing ASTM and IEC methods for regulated phthalates by this technique.

Abstract # 113 - Paper

Characterization of Hydrocarbons in Shale Rock Using Multiple Modes of Pyrolysis-GC/MS

Terry Ramus, Ph.D - Frontier Laboratories America
Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories America

Hydrocarbon-based petroleum continues to be the most cost-effective energy source. The importance of Rock Evaluation Pyrolysis and the presence of specific compounds in source rock is of immense significance in assessing the potential of a given play. Although some laboratories continue to solvent extract the sample before analysis, others have found thermal extraction of the source rock will often yield a faster more accurate determination of the organic content. This is because most organic material is not accessible via traditional liquid extraction. This work demonstrates the applicability of multiple modes of Pyrolysis-GC/MS without solvent extraction or sample pretreatment before analysis.  

Abstract # 114 - Paper

Analysis and Characterization of Coals using Multiple Modes of Pyrolysis-GC/MS

Terry Ramus, Ph.D - Frontier Laboratories America
Rojin Belganeh - Frontier Laboratories America
Itsuko Iwai - Frontier Laboratories America

Analysis of coals for potential petroleum related content is of immense significance for fuel evaluation.  Pyrolysis-GC/MS is a very flexible technique which can be used sequentially in multiple modes to characterize different types of coals chemically. This presentation uses a range of PY-GC/MS application examples to illustrate the utility of information obtained from different PY-GC/MS modes of use. A strategic “method map” approach will be described utilizing multiple techniques such as Evolved Gas Analysis, thermal desorption, and flash pyrolysis using Pyrolysis GC/MS techniques to characterize the differences among three coal samples for comparative analysis.

Abstract # 115 - Training Course

Gas Chromatography Made Simple

Lee Polite - Axion Analytical Laboratories, Inc.

Gas Chromatography (GC) is one of the world's most popular analytical tools, yet very few people understand how it works.  Anyone can push buttons, but most analysts are not quite sure why they are pushing the buttons.  During this talk, we will unveil all of those mysteries and get you to understand how the underlying technology works.  The best kept secret is that GC is totally understandable.  By the end of this short course, not only will you understand how GC works, but you will also be very comfortable developing a GC method from scratch, including choosing the correct column length, diameter, film thickness, stationary phase, flow rate, inlet, detector, etc.

Abstract # 116 - Workshop

ASTM Compass Standards Portal

David de la Garza - ASTM International

ASTM Staff will provide a walkthrough of all of the tools and content that is available to you via your company's online subscription. We will demonstrate all of the content and features of the platform and address any questions you may have. Come learn about:

  • Access to the latest standards posted weekly to the ASTM website, eliminating the need to track and purchase standards published throughout the year.
  • Access to redline standards – Redlines are a quick and easy way to compare all the changes between the active standard and the previous version. With a redline you'll immediately see additions, deletions, and other changes between the two standards.
  • Access to historical and withdrawn standards – A historical standard is a version of an ASTM standard that has been superseded by a more current version. ASTM makes historical standards available for information purposes.
  • Ask the Expert - Send feedback notes or technical questions directly to the respective committee technical contact governing the standard. 
  • Access to work items – Work items are drafts of proposed new or revised standards being balloted.
  • The ability to save searches, bookmark standards and download to your workstation
  • Version Comparison – the ability to compare different versions of standars with color-coded changes for quick reference
  • Annotation Feature –  Quality Management can add notes to any section of active standards eliminating the need for equipment operation instructions to be maintained in separate SOPs. 

Abstract # 117 - Paper

Fast Analysis of Middle Distillates using Gas Chromatography – Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

Alex Hodgson - VUV Analytics, Inc
Jack Cochran - VUV Analytics, Inc

Middle distillates like jet fuel and diesel have strict requirements regarding aromatic content to reduce pollution and maximize engine life. The current referee method, ASTM D1319, is becoming unsustainable as remaining dye stocks wane. Current alternative methods include supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) spectroscopy is a relatively new GC detection methodology that can analyze jet fuel in less than 14 minutes and diesel in less than 20 minutes. Automated quantitation using time interval deconvolution (TID) can determine total mono- and di-aromatics for jet fuel and total mono-, di-, tri-, and tetra-aromatics for diesel.

Abstract # 118 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - 1:00 PM - 1:55 PM

KEYNOTE - SPEAKER REFLECTIONS ON THE ORIGIN OF IDEAS

John Lienhard - University of Houston

Abstract Coming Soon!

Abstract # 121 - Paper

Hydrogen and Nitrogen as Carrier Gas Alternatives to Helium: Gas Chromatography – Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy of Hydrocarbon Groups and Select Compounds in Gasoline-Range Samples

Ryan Schonert - VUV Analytics
James Diekmann - VUV Analytics
Alex Hodgson - VUV Analytics
Jack Cochran - VUV Analytics

ASTM D3606 (benzene), ASTM D5599 (ethanol, oxygenates), and ASTM D5769 (benzene, toluene, total aromatics) gasoline tests typically require three dedicated GC systems, all using helium carrier gas, which is in short supply.  ASTM D8071-17, PIONA and oxygenates analysis with gas chromatography – vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy (GC-VUV), allows benzene, toluene, total aromatics, and ethanol, as well as other parameters, to be accomplished on one GC in less than 35 min.  

Helium use can be eliminated entirely by employing alternate GC carrier gases, such as hydrogen and nitrogen.  This presentation will demonstrate how using GC-VUV for the analysis of gasoline-range samples.

Abstract # 123 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 10:00 AM - 11:30 AM

KEYNOTE SPEAKER - Portable Capillary Chromatography

Dr. Milton Lee - Brigham Young University

Most current chromatographic instrumentation has been designed for stationary use on a laboratory bench; however, this situation is rapidly changing as analysts become more interested in smaller systems, faster analysis and portability. Portability can merely provide easy movement within the laboratory to facilitate coupling to other instruments or apparatus, installation in a manufacturing facility, or transport to remote locations for field use, such as environmental monitoring. On-site analysis eliminates problems related to loss of sample integrity during transport and storage, and greatly reduces the time required for testing and reporting.

With respect to both gas chromatography (GC) and liquid chromatography (LC), electrical power usage, column robustness and interfacing, and minimization of consumables for compliance with green chemistry principles, have become the most difficult challenges, especially when the preeminent desire is to retain high chromatographic performance. Advances in resistive heating technologies and microchip column formats have been made to address requirements for portable GC, but interfacing and temperature uniformity can be a challenge. In LC, capillary columns packed with very small particles (i.e., In this presentation, advancements in portable GC, GC-MS, LC that have led to instrumentation that has recently been commercialized will be described. These include robust capillary column technologies for both GC and LC (open tubular, packed capillaries, and microchip columns), novel temperature programming techniques for high temperature GC, calibration and sampling for portable GC-MS, “plug-and-play” column cartridges for capillary LC, and serial LC column arrangements with dual-wavelength on-column UV-absorption detection for positive target analyte detection. Applications related to petroleum and fuels, environmental analysis, and process stream monitoring will be described.

Abstract # 126 - Paper

The Importance of Sample Homogenization in Elemental Analysis of Organic Samples.

Jacob Herrington - Teledyne Cetac Technologies

A recent study of wear metals samples has emphasized the importance of properly homogenization after dilution.  Our new Oils 7400 Homogenizing Autosampler ensures that the best data quality is achieved on every sample by automatically mixing prior to analysis.   

Abstract # 131 - Paper

Case Studies in Oil Spill Forensics: Finding Petroleum Biomarkers with GCxGC-TOFMS and a New Flow-based Modulator

Christina Kelly - LECO Corporation

Identifying and calculating relative ratios of the “molecular fossils,” chemical structures that are resistant to weathering and other forms of degradation, is crucial for differentiating various sources of crude oil.  Biomarkers from samples collected from various well-documented oil spills are compared and contrasted with analysis using a comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry system (GCxGC-TOFMS) equipped with a new, robust, and easy-to-use flow-based modulator. The second dimension of chromatographic separation provides the necessary peak capacity to separate different classes of compounds based on RDBE and polarity, allowing for clear resolution of saturated hydrocarbons from their heteroatomically substituted counterparts.

Abstract # 132 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - 10:00 AM - 11:15 AM - Exhibit Hall Room A4

KEYNOTE SPEAKER - Cybersecurity-The New Frontier in Protecting Critical Infrastructure

Tyler Cohen Wood

The media is awash with seemingly daily reports of more and more serious cyber-attacks. We are losing the battle with cybersecurity and will continue to in the future unless we make critical and fundamental shifts in our processes and ways of thinking about the cybersecurity problem. With cyber-attacks already at a critical level, it’s important to understand specific active threats, who’s carrying them out, and how threats pertain to petrochemical critical infrastructure in all aspects. In this presentation, Tyler Cohen Wood will discuss current and future cyber-attack vectors and vulnerabilities that you need to know now. Through this presentation, the audience will have a greater understanding of the serious cyber threats posed to critical infrastructure, and measures that can be taken to best shield themselves against both current and growing cyber threats and vulnerabilities. Wood will use her unique expertise and storytelling style to empower the audience with knowledge of real cyber-attacks being enacted today, and what can be done about them. We’ll cover the current threat landscape and the ever-looming threat horizon of corporate cyber risk. We’ll also explore how the unique challenges of securing critical infrastructure, connected devices, and A.I. affect business cybersecurity.  At the end of the presentation the audience will have a close understanding of the main threat actors, the threats themselves and how to arm their businesses against them.

Topics For Discussion:

Cyber threat landscape for the petrochemical industry
Protection of data
Prevention
Tactics in the event of a breach

Abstract # 135 - Paper - South Lobby

Eraspec FT-IR_ Fuel Quality Parameters Correlation Studies.

Aaron Mendez - Ayalytical Instruments
Juan Ayala - AYALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS

Univariate methods of analysis are simple but do not readily handle interferences and matrix effects. Multivariate methods which relate results to several parameters are complex in calibration and application scope. They involve mathematical correlation of properties determined by other methods, so, many properties can be determined from a single experiment. Instruments are easy to use, consistent but difficult to validate against similar instruments. ERASPEC from Eralytics is rugged, robust and portable. Primarily it determines the overall absorption spectrum of the sample in the MID IR region, approximately from 450 to 6500 cm -1. After a Fourier transformation of the raw interferogram the spectrum is converted from time domain to frequency domain and plotted against absorption intensities. Since all hydrocarbon types absorb in the MID-IR in a characteristic manner, the absorption spectrum of bands and intensities that follow Beer’s Law can be integrated, compared to spectral data base and related to chemical composition, physical properties and product quality parameters. Only 10 mL of sample is required for the analysis that takes only 60 seconds to complete. ERASPEC, in a single experiment covers the determination of more than 60 sample quality parameters with high precision and high throughput. In this study a total of seven fuel quality parameters such as oxygenates, aromatics, olefins, octane, TAN and viscosity on real world samples have been correlated against classical ASTM standards.

Abstract # 140 - Paper

Ten Plus Years of Ionic Liquid Capillary Column Development

Leonard Sidisky - MilliporeSigma (Supelco)
James Desorcie - Milliporesigma
Greg Baney - Milliporesigma
Kathleen Kiefer - Milliporesigma

Ionic liquid capillary columns were first introduced as commercial products around ten years ago. Over the years there have been numerous studies on these unique combinations of cations and anions that provide insights into the selectivity and stability of these interesting stationary phases. These phases have been demonstrated to provide very unique selectivity’s compared to traditional highly polar polysiloxane or polyethylene glycol based phases. Their selectivity is made possible due to the various combinations of cations and anions that are available along with spacer groups used to prepare these germinal dicationic phases. Columns prepared with di- or tricationic phases and newer phases that contain a PEG or branched chain alkyl linkage chain have the ability to perform many of the same applications as columns made with polysiloxane polymer or polyethylene glycol stationary phases of similar polarity, but with slight elution order changes. Many times this results in increased resolution and/or shorter run times. We are continuing the work on evaluating and developing new ionic liquids stationary phases and new applications with them. This presentation will provide a look back on some of the past developments with ionic liquid stationary phases while also updating current studies.

Abstract # 144 - Paper

Single Dimensional and Multi Dimensional GC Approach to Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis

Ramkumar Dhandapani - Phenomenex

Complex samples including Petroleum hydrocarbons fractions requires detailed separation of individual class of organic compounds. A traditional GC approach for Detailed hydrocarbon Analysis or Speciation involves High efficient column dimension and longer GC column. Alternately, speciation can be performed using Multidimensional GC.  In the present work, GC approach using ZB-DHA-PONA column and GCxGC approach using 2 complimentary selectivity are considered. The 2D approach provides in depth separation of complex light, heavier hydrocarbons, oxygenates and FAMES. Due to high peak capacity in GCxGC, orthogonal selectivity of Zebron GC columns, complementary selectivity in both dimensions, effective separation of individual component can take place. This includes group separation of linear alkanes (n and iso-parafins),linear alkenes (olefins), cyclic alkanes, aromatics (one-ring teralin derivatives), Aromatics (one-ring, benzene derivatives), Aromatics (2-rings naphtalene derivatives), Aromatics (2-rings, dibenzene derivatives), Aromatic (3-rings), Aromatic (4-rings), Aromatic (5-rings), oxygenates and FAMEs in Aviation fuels. Different column combination including normal and reverse selectivity and different modulation including flow and cryo modulation were explored depending on the matrix and the application. End results demonstrated that High efficient dimension and choice of column selectivity are the key to achieve good chromatographic separation.

Abstract # 145 - Paper

Evaluation of Oxidized Base Oils by Flow Modulated Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography - Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry

Paul Harvath - Added Dimension Consulting
Christina Kelly - LECO Corporation
Joe Binkley - LECO Corporation
Lorne Fell - LECO Corporation

Customer expectations of longer lubricant durability continue to increase with new technologies such as EV and hybrid vehicles. Oxidation of base oil is a primary reason for lubricant failure. Three lubrication base oils (synthetic, group III, and group I) were oxidized via rotating pressure vessel oxidation technique (RPVOT) and then analyzed by a flow-modulated two-dimensional gas chromatograph coupled to a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (GCxGC- TOFMS). This preliminary work demonstrates identification of low-level oxidation products (acids, ketones and aldehydes), and links the timing of the oxidation product formation over the course of RPVOT testing to base oil type.

Abstract # 146 - Paper

Streamline your laboratory workflow with Thermo Scientific Chromeleon CDS

Gregory Whitaker - Thermo Fisher Scientific

In today's analytical laboratories the demand to increase throughput with fewer experienced analysts can be overwhelming.  Learn how Thermo Scientific Chromeleon CDS offers tools to simplify the analysis of your routine samples to efficiently achieve fast results with minimal user interaction.  Find out how Chromeleon's seamless integration with SampleManager LIMS can provide your laboratory with an integrated informatics solution, resulting in a fast, streamlined, automated workflow from sample to knowledge.  And find out how your Chromeleon system, whether a single workstation or a complex multi-site enterprise deployment, can provide maximum up-time and availability to ensure your lab keeps producing the results to keep your plant productivity high.

Abstract # 147 - Paper

Integrated Informatics: Real-time Evaluation of Results for Process Monitoring

Michael Garza - Thermo Fisher Scientific

One of the greatest ongoing challenges for the oil and gas and petrochemicals industries is the automation of laboratory data capture and analysis. While elimination or reduction of manual processes related to data management leads to considerable product quality improvements, these efforts can also improve compliance with increasingly complex industry guidelines and environmental regulations. Integration of systems such as LIMS with a CDS enables quicker evaluation of results for process monitoring to ensure that changes can be made in a timely manner before products are lost.   Thermo Scientific™ Chromeleon™ XPS Open Access software provides a streamlined, walkup interface enabling users to harness the full power of Thermo Scientific™ Chromeleon™ CDS with minimal training and effort. With an out-of-the-box direct Thermo Fisher™ SampleManager LIMS™ connection, Chromeleon CDS sets the industry standard for robustness in a networked environment and delivers secure multi-vendor instrument control. Learn how Chromeleon software continues to deliver superior laboratory and instrument support through comprehensive control of Thermo Scientific™ IC, GC, LC, MS and over 525 instruments from 20 manufacturers. Join us for our live demonstration.

Abstract # 148 - Paper

Metals Analysis in Petroleum Fractions: Implementation of ASTM Methods on MP-AES

Sima Singha - Agilent Technologies

ASTM D5708/D5863/D7876 methods relate to the determination of metals such as iron, nickel, vanadium, and sodium in crude oils and residual fuels. Compared to FAAS and ICP techniques, MP-AES eliminates the need for expensive and flammable gases like acetylene and argon. This results in lower running costs, and safe, unattended operation. The N2 gas needed to generate the MP-AES plasma can be extracted directly from air using a nitrogen generator allowing onsite analysis in remote locations. MP-AES can be fitted with an External Gas Control Module (EGCM) that injects air into the plasma preventing carbon build-up in the torch.

Abstract # 149 - Paper

Implementing HT-SimDis-GC-ICP-MS in the Petrochemical Laboratory: How to Combine Several Workflows into One Method

Mark Kelinske - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Simulated distillation is a routine technique in the petrochemical industry to determine the yield distribution as a function of boiling point versus relative concentration.  While SimDis is traditionally used to determine the hydrocarbon fingerprint of a crude source, coupling this method with ICP-MS provides additional, valuable data for volatile metals present in addition to the traditional SimDis profile.  In this session we will discuss the coupling of GC to an ICP-MS for the analysis of volatile Ni and V metalloporphyrins.

Abstract # 151 - Paper

Using GC-VUV to Detect Methanol, FAME (Ester) Total, and Linolenic Acid Methyl Ester in 100% Biodiesel

James Diekmann - VUV Analytics

The popularity and interest in biodiesel are growing significantly in many areas of the world as an alternative for automobile fuels. Biodiesel is produced through the transesterification of vegetable oils and animal fats, producing fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), which requires a different set of standardized methods for quality control. EN-14103 and EN-14110 determine ester and methanol content using flame ionization detection. This study uses gas chromatography vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy to identify and quantity the FAMEs and methanol content in 100% biodiesel, providing an extra degree of certainty through spectral identification, unlike conventional techniques that solely rely on retention time.

Abstract # 154 - Paper

Micro Gas Chromatography. Gas analysis taken to a next level in speed, performance, usability and portability.

Coen Duvekot - Agilent Technologies

Micro Gas Chromatography is around for many years. It is all about "fast", "portable" and "small footprint" in multiple ways. In this lecture the introduction of a new Micro GC platform will be presented.

With this instrument, the term "Micro GC" is taken to a whole new level. Whether you are using it in the lab or out-of-lab the new instrument is designed to perform better and easier than its predecessor.

Enhancements will be presented in the following areas: ease of use, cost of ownership, portability/uptime etc.

Abstract # 155 - Training Course
10/14/2019 - 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM - Ivy Room ll - Moody Gardens Hotel

Lab Statistics Fundamentals Course Sponsored By Baytek International

Alex T. Lau - Chairman of ASTM D02.94 Subcommittee on Quality Assurance and Statistics

Course Summary

Precision Fundamentals

  • Overview of the Normal distribution and standard deviation concepts
  • Provide simple explanation on the meaning of test method repeatability (r), reproducibility (R), and site (system) precision (R')
  • How r & R are estimated using ILS
  • How r & R information is presented in ASTM test methods
  • Simple applications of r, R, R'

Bias Fundamentals

  • Various forms of Bias
  • Site Expected Value (SEV) & Accepted Reference Value (ARV)
  • Review ASTM Interlaboratory Crosscheck Program (aka Proficiency Testing) outputs
  • Bias assessment for a laboratory

Fee Includes

  • Course Materials
  • Certificate of Attendance
  • Lunch

For more information go to https://www.baytekinternational.com/training/lab-statistics-fundamentals-course or email training@baytekinternational.com

Early Bird Registration is $350 per person until August 31st. $500 Full-price Registration (This does not include GCC registration)

To Register Go To

https://www.baytekinternational.com/training/lab-statistics-fundamentals-course/92-university/116-eventregistration

Abstract # 156 - Workshop

FTIR /Raman Theory and Sample Handling

Cam MacIsaac - Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover the theory behind several spectroscopic techniques including Fourier transform Infrared technique. It will review what happens to molecules when they are exposed to the infrared. It will cover an overview of how spectra are recorded using the FT technique. It will also cover the theory behind several common IR sampling techniques and explore their usages.

Abstract # 157 - Workshop

Microspectroscopic Sampling – FT-IR and Raman Microscopy

Steve McQueen - Thermo Fisher Scientific

10:00 – 10:50: Microspectroscopic Sampling – FT-IR and Raman Microscopy

This workshop will highlight the advantages of using Infrared and Raman microscopy techniques in the analysis of micro-scale materials.   The presentation will illustrate various applications of both microscopy techniques and the advantages of each based on the type of materials being analyzed.

Abstract # 158 - User Group
10/15/2019 - 8:00 AM - 9:30 AM

ASTM D02.D Committee on Hydrocarbons for Chemical and Special Uses

George Gonzalez - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

The ASTM D02.D committee has agreed to conduct a stated meeting each year at Gulf Coast Conferenece. The purpose of this meeting is for non-member participation. This committee is interested in meeting with and listening to ASTM standards users. The meeting will be a formal ASTM meeting conducted within ASTM guidelines. Each committee section chairmen will provide an update of ongoing committee actions. Everyone is invited to attend and provide comments.

Abstract # 159 - Seminar

Industry Trends in Workforce Development and Supporting Strategic Functions

Jennifer Donelson - Bureau Veritas

In an environment where skilled labor is short, companies are looking at alternative ways to supplement their existing workforce.  The Oil & Petroleum industry experiences swings of flurried employment and heavy layoffs due to boom and bust markets.  The resultant job insecurity leads many skilled tradesmen and analysts to look outside this industry for gainful employment, even during boom markets.  We will discuss the efforts taken by industry leaders to stabilize the workforce through support of internal and external educational programs designed to increase the number and training for tradesmen, while streamlining headcount through outsourcing strategic, not core, corporate functions. 

Abstract # 160 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM - Bluebonnet Room

Multi-Element Analysis of Petroleum Crude Oils using an Agilent 7900 ICP-MS and MicroMist Nebulizer

Mark Kelinske - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

In this work, we will explore the use of the MicroMist nebulizer in the analysis of crude oils and petrochemical distallates for elemental analysis.  We will discuss sample and standard preparation, instrument configuration, and interference mitigation.  

Abstract # 161 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM - Bluebonnet Room

Direct Elemental Analysis of Gasoline using Agilent 5110 ICP-OES and IsoMist Temperature Controlled Spray Chamber

Sima Singha - Agilent Technologies, Inc.

Trace metals in gasoline are not only a major source of environmental pollution they can also cause automotive engine failures. ICP-OES is often used for the elemental analysis in petroleum products due to its reliability, robustness, and sensitivity. However, high volatility of gasoline can affect the stability of signal and lead to carbon build up on the torch that may cause the plasma to extinguish. A programmable temperature-controlled spray chamber (IsoMist) was used to reduce vapor loading of gasoline and oxygen was added to reduce carbon soot on the torch, maintaining a stable plasma and a clean sample introduction system.

Abstract # 162 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 3:00 PM - 3:30 PM - Bluebonnet Room

Increased Sample Throughput for High-resolution ICP-OES Applied to ASTM Methods

Siqi Sun - Analytik Jena US LLC

The determination of metal concentration in petroleum products is very important for transportation, machinery, and utility industries. A rapid, sensitive, simple and multi-elemental ICP-OES method is then highly demanded, especially for laboratories that implement ASTM Standard Test Method. The application of the Niagara Rapid Rinse System to the analysis of petrochemical samples, such as fuel, lubricating and crude oils, is presentenced. All the samples are directly diluted without any sample pretreatment. The potential benefits of this method are numerous and include: easy sample preparation, increased throughput, reduced memory effects, lower sample consumption increased long-term stability and repeatability. 

Abstract # 163 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:45 AM - 9:15 AM - Bluebonnet Room

How the Ultra-Efficient Multiwave 7000 is Making Microwave Sample Preparation Safer for the Petrochemical Industry

Lauren Urban - Anton Paar USA

The Multiwave 7000 combines the first developed pressurized cavity with modern, well-engineered microwave technology, representing a new level of microwave digestion. With the novel pressurized digestion cavity (PDC), temperatures up to 300 °C and pressures up to 199 bar can be achieved safely. This ensures complete digestions of even the most challenging samples often found in the petrochemical industry. The Multiwave 7000 offers the ability to use a higher sample size, allowing for better detection limits, superior safety and greatly increases the efficiency over traditional sample preparation methods, which are commonly used in the petrochemical industry, such as dry/wet ashing.

Abstract # 164 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 2:30 PM - 3:00 PM - Bluebonnet Room

From Balance to Analysis: Introducing a New Disposable Glass Liner for Microwave Digestion

Bob Lockerman - CEM Corporation

Microwave digestion is a popular and well-established sample preparation technique for trace metals analysis.   In order to further increase the productivity of microwave digestion CEM is pleased to introduce Disposable Glass Vessels, the latest breakthrough in microwave sample preparation for trace metals analysis. These vessels eliminate the time consuming task of vessel washing and eliminate risk of cross contamination. Samples are weighed directly into the glass insert and digested samples can be diluted in the glass insert prior to analysis eliminating transfer steps. The glass insert is then disposed of, eliminating vessel washing. It is the perfect accessory for digesting samples including: environmental, foods, feeds/fertilizers, and more. From balance to analysis, your trace metals sample preparation is improved.

Abstract # 166 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 12:30 PM - 1:00 PM - Bluebonnet Room

Analysis of Oils: Understanding Chemical Stability and Matrix Effects

Elizabeth Sherburne - LGC/VHG

Analysis on new and used wear-metals oil samples encounter several common issues; determining 30+ important metals by ICP in hydrocarbon matrices, application variables (matrix-matching, metallo-organic standards composition, time between preparation/analysis, etc.) must be minimized (ICP being more sensitive to factor variability).Our experience shows evaluating the individual metal and overall blend is required for elucidating oil/solvent applications. Many metals are relatively “well-behaved”, others produce determination issues; boron’s known analysis challenges relate to elemental form, specific solvent dilution(s), and storage conditions. Our presentation shares impact data of these factors, and discusses the solution-phase chemistry of metallo-organic stock blends with improved analyses.

Abstract # 167 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:15 AM - 9:45 AM - Bluebonnet Room

Novel Techniques for the Determination of Silicon in Fuels and Lubricants

Anthony Palermo - PerkinElmer

The analysis of silicon in organic based samples via inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICPMS) comes with its challenges. In this talk we will review some of the challenges of this analysis and how to overcome them using multiple interference removal techniques.  The major interferences for 28Si are 12C16O, 14N2, and 27Al1H.  Each of these were investigated as well as sample preparation precautions and stability of the dilute and shoot method with either kerosene and/or xylene as the diluent.

Abstract # 168 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:15 AM - 8:45 AM - Bluebonnet Room

Elemental Analysis of Crude Oils, Refined Fractions, and Fuels by ICP-OES

Andrew Fornadel - Shimadzu Scientific Instruments

Elemental analysis of crude oils, refined fractions, and fuels is essential to assessing their value, performance, evaluating the efficiency of the refining process, validating the concentration of additives, and judging the wear properties of mechanical devices. ICP-OES has enjoyed widespread use for elemental analysis of oils and fuels. We will discuss methods for oils and fuels by ICP-OES and their importance. Additionally, we will demonstrate the applicability of ICP instrumentation to these methods as well as associated sample introduction components necessary for analysis. Special attention will be paid to the sample introduction components, the selection of which is critical.

Abstract # 170 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 1:00 PM - 1:30 PM - Bluebonnet Room

Improving the Determination of Trace Elements in Oils and Related Products

Mike Mourgas - Thermo Fisher Scientific

One of the most important tools for elemental analysis in the petrochemical industry is ICP-OES due to its high tolerance to difficult sample matrices. With a robust and optimized system, determination of challenging analytes like arsenic, sulfur and silicon, in difficult matrices is possible. Some elements have emissions in visible and UV ranges. Sequential scanning of both emission ranges leads to extended analysis time. Improvements to optical design allow true simultaneous acquisition of UV and visible data leading to significant improvement in analysis time. This presentation demonstrates speed, productivity and robustness for the analysis of oils and solvents by ICP-OES. 

Abstract # 171 - Seminar
10/16/2019 - 8:00 AM - 3:30 PM

Advances In Trace Metals Analysis

Justin Masone - Glass Expansion

8:00 AM - Introduction: Glass Expansion

8:15 AM - Elemental Analysis of Crude Oils, Refined Fractions, and Fuels by ICP-OES - Shimadzu - Abstract #168

8:45 AM - How the Ultra-Efficient Multiwave 7000 is Making Microwave Sample Preparation Safer for the Petrochemical Industry - Anton Paar - Abstract #163

9:15 AM - Novel Techniques for the Determination of Silicon in Fuels and Lubricants - PerkinElmer - Abstract #167

10:00 - 11:30 - Morning Break  For Keytnote

11:30 - 12:30 - Lunch Break

12:30 PM - Analysis of Oils: Understanding Chemical Stability and ICP Matrix Effects - LGC Standards - Abstract #166

1:00 PM - Improving the Determination of Trace Elements in Oils and Related Products - Thermo Fisher - Abstract #170

1:30 PM - Direct Elemental Analysis of Gasoline using Agilent 5110 ICP-OES and IsoMist Temperature Controlled Spray Chamber - Agilent - Abstract #161

2:00 PM - Multi-Element Analysis of Petroleum Crude Oils using an Agilent 7900 ICP-MS and MicroMist Nebulizer - Agilent - Abstract #160

2:30 PM - From Balance to Analysis: Introducing a New Disposable Glass Liner for Microwave Digestion - CEM - Abstract #164

3:00 PM - Increased Sample Throughput for High-resolution ICP-OES Applied to ASTM Methods - Analytik Jena - Abstract #162

Abstract # 172 - Workshop

FT-IR Spectral Interpretation and Problem Solving

Dr. Robert Jones - Thermo Fisher Scientific

This talk will give an overview of FT-IR interpretation by focusing on several common functional groups. It will cover major hydrocarbons including aliphatic, olefinic and aromatic groups. Additionally, it will discuss carbonyl groups like esters, ketones and carboxylic acids. It is designed to give an understanding of commonly seen infrared bands and to help better understand infrared data.

Abstract # 173 - Workshop

Tutorial for IR/Raman Spectroscopy

Cam MacIsaac - Thermo Fisher Scientific

This workshop will cover Omnic software, the popular platform for running Thermo Fisher FT-IR, FT-NIR, and Raman spectrometers. A live software demonstration will be given to highlight features of Omnic, which will include collection of data from a working spectrometer. A live demonstration of TQ software will be given illustrating FTIR, FT-NIR and Raman quantitative and qualitative methods. Suggestions will be given on how to diagnose chemometric methods to ensure they accurately predict. Some pitfalls will be covered to avoid improperly modeled methods.  In addition, an overview of Macros/Basic automated workflow software will be given. This software is designed to build pre-program quantitative predictions. The Macros language can also automate many other software functions, like basic kinetic routines.

Abstract # 174 - Seminar
10/15/2019 - Floral Hall A1

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Agilent Seminar

Introduction - 8:30 AM - 8:45 AM  

8:45 AM - OpenLab Unifies ASTM Reporting - Abstract # 175 - Paper

9:30 AM - Connecting you Chromatography Data Systems to “ANY” LIMs: No Problem - Abstract # 176 - Paper

10:00 AM - Mass Spectrometer Designed for Non-MS Experts - Abstract # 177 - Paper

Break - 10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

10:45 AM - Tips and Trips for ICP-MS and ICP-OES - Abstract # 178 - Paper

11:30 AM - Rapid Elemental Analysis in Petrochemical Samples using an AVS7 Switching Valve on ICP-OES - Abstract # 179 - Paper

Lunch Break - Noon - 1:00 PM

2:00 PM - ICP-MS User Group Meeting - Abstract # 180 - User Group

Agilent Seminar

10/16/2019 - Floral Hall A1

8:00 AM - Helium Carrier Gas – Meeting the Shortage with Conversion and Conservation - Abstract # 181 - Paper

8:30 AM - 10 Ways to Easy GC - Abstract # 185 - Paper

9:00 AM - GC/MS Analysis of Aromatics in Gasoline using ASTM D5769: Set-up, Optimization, and Automated Reporting - Abstract # 182 - Paper

9:30 AM - Optimizing and Maintaining ASTM Method D7845 for the Analysis of Chemical Contaminates in Marine Fuel Oil - Abstract # 183 - Paper

Abstract # 175 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 8:45 AM - 9:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

OpenLab Unifies ASTM Reporting

Kathleen O'Dea - Agilent

In meeting today's demands of ASTM reporting such as ASTM D5769, ASTM D5504, ASTM D5623, ASTM D7423, ASTM D6379, GPA 2177, 2261, 2186, and 2286.  Agilent’s Intelligent Reporting utilized in all Agilent OpenLab CDS products provides a simple solution for reporting requirements and complex calculations to meet ASTM and all of your reporting needs. 

Abstract # 176 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

Connecting you Chromatography Data Systems to “ANY” LIMs: No Problem

Kathleen O'Dea - Agilent

Agilent OpenLab CDS software not only controls your instruments, but interfaces with LIMs from sending results to LIMs and accepting a worklist from any LIMs system.  Combined with OpenLab CDS , you can get results faster, simple sample review, and even pass/fail notification.  Agilent OpenLab CDS and Sample Scheduler provides the solution for your chromatography and LIMs interface.

Abstract # 177 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:00 AM - 10:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

Increasing MS Productivity: A “Self-Driving” Mass Spectrometer Designed for Non-MS Experts

Sue D'Antonio - Agilent

We will describe new “self-driving” capabilities of MS in data acquisition, analysis and diagnostics, and open-access software that allow new users to quickly obtain meaningful insights with minimal experience and training. In addition, the simplicity of MassHunter WalkUp software will be demonstrated for the open access lab with several examples of API’s comparing brand vs generic and the workflow from sample submission to emailing of resulting reports.

Abstract # 178 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 10:45 AM - 11:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

Tips and Trips for ICP-MS and ICP-OES

Mark Kelinske - Agilent

In this interactive session, the Agilent ICP-MS and ICP-OES experts will discuss proper instrument maintenance and troubleshooting to keep your instrumentation operating at peak performance.  Come learn tips and tricks from the experts themselves. 

Abstract # 179 - Paper
10/15/2019 - 11:30 AM - 12:00 PM - Floral Hall A1

Rapid Elemental Analysis in Petrochemical Samples using an AVS7 Switching Valve on ICP-OES

Sima Singha - Agilent

The determination of metals in biodiesel, crude/fuel oils by ICP-OES is a well-established technique, especially for laboratories that implement ASTM methods. The Agilent 5110 ICP-OES takes the analysis to a new level of performance, particularly in terms of robustness, speed of analysis and reduced running costs. In this study, the 5110 was fitted with an Agilent SPS4 autosampler and an AVS7 switching valve which greatly improved productivity by reducing sample uptake, stabilization and washout times without compromising accuracy, precision, and long-term stability. With the faster sample run times, less argon is used, leading to significant savings for high throughput labs.

Abstract # 180 - User Group
10/15/2019 - 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM - Floral Hall A1

ICP-MS User Group Meeting

Mark Kelinske - Agilent

In this user group session, we will discuss recent Agilent ICP-MS software improvements and have a group discussion.  We want to hear directly from ICP-MS users. Come learn from your peers and make your voice heard. 

Abstract # 181 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:00 AM - 8:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

Helium Carrier Gas – Meeting the Shortage with Conversion and Conservation

James McCurry - Agilent

Helium supply problems and price increases have again impacted analytical chemists’ ability to run high resolution gas chromatography methods. Until new sources of helium can be found, laboratories can continue operation by combining two techniques; conversion to alternative carrier gases and conservation of helium resources. This presentation will discuss when and how to use alternative carrier gases and when helium is required, new technologies to continue helium use with automated conservation.

Abstract # 182 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:00 AM - 9:30 AM - Floral Hall A1

GC/MS Analysis of Aromatics in Gasoline using ASTM D5769: Set-up, Optimization, and Automated Reporting

James McCurry - Agilent
Kelly Beard - Agilent

The unavailability of fluorescence dye has impacted the widely used D1319 method for determining total aromatics in reformulated gasoline. To remain in compliance with EPA regulations, many labs are considering the more complex D5769 GC/MS method for total aromatics analysis. This presentation will offer best practices for setting up, optimizing, and running this method on a new, cost effective GC/MS system. Data analysis approaches will also be discussed with emphasis on a new system for automated reporting of results.

Abstract # 183 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

Optimizing and Maintaining ASTM Method D7845 for the Analysis of Chemical Contaminates in Marine Fuel Oil

James McCurry - Agilent

ASTM method D7845 is scoped to measure 30 different chemical contaminants in marine fuel oil. Due to the challenging nature of this matrix, care must be taken to both find and quantify these compounds while maintaining up-time for the instrument. In this presentation will discuss techniques to enhance chromatographic resolution and speed, reduce matrix interference, and improve sample preparation and calibration.

Abstract # 184 - Paper

Determination of Total Fluorine, Chlorine, and Sulfur in Liquified Petroleum Gas by Pyro-Hydrolytic Combustion Coupled with Ion Chromatography

Terri Christison - Thermo Fisher Scientific
Adelon Agustin - COSA Xentaur
Jeffrey Rohrer - Thermo Fisher Scientific

Fluorine, chlorine, and sulfur are a concern in LPG. Pyro-hydrolytic combustion coupled with ion chromatography (CIC) is an ideal approach to eliminate the sample matrix and increase sample homogeneity. Total fluorine, chlorine, and sulfur in LPG were determined by pyro-hydrolytic combustion at 900 °C and absorbed in 50 mg/L peroxide solution. The resulting ions were separated by anion-exchange chromatography using an electrolytically generated hydroxide gradient at 0.3 mL/min and detected by suppressed conductivity. The method had good precision and sensitivities. The calibration curves were generated using incremental combustions of one standard. CIC allows an automated safe analysis of LPG samples.

Abstract # 185 - Paper
10/16/2019 - 8:30 AM - 9:00 AM - Floral Hall A1

10 Ways to Easy GC

Ian Eisele - Agilent

Old habits can be hard to break and we all get used to doing things the way they’ve always been done. If you can relate, then this is the presentation for you as we present at least 10 ways to smooth the bumps and lumps out of your daily work load. Intelligent GC systems feature many quick and easy steps you can take to streamline your daily workload, alleviate stress, increase productivity, improve business outcomes and have a better relationship with your GC. Some of these are as easy as pushing a button and while some may take a bit more time to set up – they’ll save time on the backend – helping you improve your 'on time arrival’ rate at home!

Abstract # 187 - Seminar

Data Defensibility - Best Practice for Traceability and Records

Jeanne Mensingh - Labtopia

Data defensibility has always been important in the regulated world.  Record keeping practices have become more important as laboratories seek accreditation with ISO 17025 or are required to comply with environmental requirements (EPA, TNI, State Regulations).  This seminar will provide best practices for record keeping and the importance of measurement traceability for the captured and commercial laboratory.  Participants will understand the key components for the historical reconstruction of data, the importance of recording information to help with troubleshooting results, and an assessor’s viewpoint on laboratory records.